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Australia Vegetable Planting Calendar: Month-wise Chart, Dates Guide, Schedule for Climate-wise Regions

There are two primary planting seasons in Australia, and they fall in spring and fall. When and for how long crops are harvested depends on various factors, including optimal growing conditions and crop type. You can harvest crops year-round, except in the coldest locations. It can be challenging to track when you planted what and what you want to grow.

Australia Vegetable Planting Calendar
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Because of this, you should check a planting calendar. Below we learn the Australian vegetable planting calendar, a monthly gardening guide for Australia, a vegetable planting chart for north, east, west, and south Australia, all climates, including a temperate vegetable planting guide, and some of the best vegetables to plant in Australian climates.

Australia vegetable planting calendar

What can I plant in March in Australia?

You can try some beans, spring onions, peas, leeks, radishes, cucumber, or Asian greens. Throw in some lettuce and maybe cover it with a shade tent if it’s still too hot throughout the day. Coriander, sweet basil, lemongrass, and oregano are all excellent choices for your garden. Now is the time of year when plants need some fertilizer. They may need a boost during the establishing phase; a seaweed tea or other liquid fertilizer with a minimal environmental effect would do the trick. 

Before the sun has had a chance to warm the soil, apply the recommended amount to the ground; if you start prepping your potato beds now, your April self will be thankful to you in the long run. Marigolds, sunflowers, pansies, violas, snapdragons, cornflowers, stock, verbena, and lavender (non-invasive types, of course) will add beauty to the plot. You can add color and visual appeal to your vegetable garden by scattering them over the plot.

What vegetables grow the best in summer in Australia?

Nurturing your seeds in a warm, bright spot after they begin to germinate is essential. After around six weeks of care, you can put them outside. Australia is a large, stunning, and very varied continent. Because of this, it’s vital to keep in mind that what thrives in one part of Australia may not be suited to another. Keep reading to know what will thrive in your garden this summer.

Humidity is nothing new to those of you who live in the tropics! It begins in the easternmost tip of Australia (near Mackay, Townsville, and Cairns), continues across the country’s northernmost tip (near Darwin and Katherine), and reaches through to the westernmost tip of Western Australia (Broome and down to Exmouth).

Artichoke, Basil, Beans, Beetroot, Cabbage, Capsicum, Carrots, Celeriac, Chives, Choko, Cucumber, Eggplant, Ginger, Mustard greens, Leeks, Okra, Potato, Radish, Silverbeet, Squash, Sunflower, Sweet corn, Tomatoes, and Zucchini are all great summer crops to plant in a tropical zone.

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The subtropical zone extends from Coffs Harbour to Rockhampton and Mackay and inland from Brisbane. The shoreline in the middle of Washington state is also included. The best summer crops for a specific zone include basil, beans, beetroot, broccoli, cabbage, capsicum, chilies, chives, coriander, cucumber, eggplant, lettuce, leeks, onions, oregano, parsnips, radishes, rocket, silverbeet, squash, sweet corn, sweet potatoes, tomatoes, turnips, and zucchini.

The Grasslands zone includes the interior Australian towns of Mount Isa and Tennant Creek and stretches through to the WA coast. Nonetheless, it doesn’t imply that there isn’t room for various plants in the garden. Beans, beetroot, broccoli, capsicum, carrot, cauliflower, celery, Chinese cabbage, cucumber, eggplant, leek, parsnip, potato, radish, rhubarb, silverbeet, spring onion, sweet corn, sweet potato, tomatoes, turnip, and zucchini are some of the best summer crops for a grassland zone.

Australia’s largest area is its dry climatic belt. Almost all of the continental United States is included. Summers in an arid environment is very warm and dry, while mild to moderate winters. Artichoke, Basil, Beans, Beetroot, Borage, Broccoli, Brussel sprouts, Capsicum, Chili, Chives, Choko, Cucumber, Eggplant, Lettuce, Okra, Oregano, Potato, Radish, Rhubarb, Rosella, Silverbeet, Squash, Sweet corn, Sweet potato, Tomatoes, and Zucchini do well in dry summer climates.

The whole state of New South Wales, from its coastal cities of Sydney and Newcastle to its inland tablelands, falls inside the mild temperate zone. South Australia, Western Australia, and central Queensland are all on the other side. In the summer, basil, beans, beetroot, broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, capsicum, carrots, chicory, chilies, chives, coriander, cucumbers, eggplants, lettuce, kale, leeks, parsley, parsnips, peas, potatoes, pea shoots, rocket, silverbeet, tomatoes, turnips, and zucchini do best. In Australia’s cool climatic zones, temperatures can drop dangerously low.

Most of Tasmania, as well as the mountains and interior regions of New South Wales, Victoria, and the ACT’s tablelands, fall under this category. The weather can be chilly, but that doesn’t mean you can’t harvest a bountiful harvest right in your yard. Basil, beetroot, broccoli, cabbage, carrots, celery, chicory, chilies, chives, cucumbers, eggplants, globe artichoke, kale, kohlrabi, leeks, lettuce, parsley, parsnip, potato, radish, spring onion, silverbeet, shallots, sweet corn, tomatoes, turnips, and zucchini do best in a cool temperature zone during the summer.

What can I plant in January in Australia?

Growing lettuce in late January is possible. However, you may want to use a shade tent. If you haven’t tried it, you should try lemongrass. Because of its woody composition, it is protected from excessive heat. However, any additional herbs should be waited on till it cools off. There is still time to plant asparagus; just go for a cooler garden area. Now is the time of year when plants need some fertilizer. A liquid fertilizer made from seaweed or compost would be ideal. Diluted worm tea may be applied to your garden every few weeks during the growing season.

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Because of this, your plants will continue to thrive and produce fruit. Morning applications at the recommended concentrations are best for the soil. Put some color in the garden with marigolds and sunflowers. You can add color and visual appeal to your vegetable garden by scattering them over the plot. Adding a green manure crop might bring new life into a tired plot. You can plant millet, lablab, or cowpea now.

Your soil will benefit from this. You will discover that the forethought was worth it! Reduce wasteful water use during the summer months. Water first thing in the morning, and rather than rapid irrigation, a big deep drink a few times a week is significantly more helpful than quickie irrigation. Don’t forget to research drip irrigation if you haven’t already. This will direct the moisture exactly where it’s required and lessen the likelihood of powdery mildew on wet leaves.

If you are leaving for the holidays, adding more mulch to your vegetable gardens, herb beds, and flower beds is particularly vital. Mulching the garden after giving it a good 7-centimeter soaking is a hot summertime trick. The stems of plants, particularly new seedlings, should not have mulch on them. Pick a biodegradable mulch that will provide nutrients to the soil over time. When you don’t feel like gardening, set up a temporary shelter in the backyard with some shade cloth and a few chairs.

They need only be a small, portable construction that can be popped over the top of sun-sensitive vegetables (such as eggplant, capsicum, and others) when the heat rises. Place them anywhere you see fit, especially on windy days, when the sun is very strong, or when on vacation. While you’re traveling this summer, make sure your houseplants are safe. The pots only need to have their tops mulched, then they can be placed in a saucer of water. You can connect the main irrigation pipes to dripper lines and water the plants.

What is the most common climate in Australia?

Due to its massive size, Australia is home to a broad range of climates. The majority of Australia is either desert or semiarid. The country’s tropical climate ranges from meadows in the north to deserts in the south. Australia boasts the world’s warmest summers, longest periods of sunlight, and the hottest year-round region.

What vegetables are good to plant now in Australia?

Autumn is a great time to sow vegetables, including Brussels sprouts, beans, cabbage, parsley, parsnips, sweet peas, carrots, cauliflower, onions, radishes, and turnips. Although turnips have a reputation for being a dated vegetable, you’re missing out if you’ve never had a fresh, homegrown one. Smaller turnips can be eaten raw; they add to salads when thinly sliced.

Asparagus, climbing beans, cucumber, eggplant, dwarf beans, capsicum, chives, and squash, are all ripe and ready to be plucked from the garden. In March, you can plant your peas. You can consume raw and cooked snow peas and sugar snaps, making them ideal for an autumn vegetable garden. Make sure you have something for the pea plant to climb, such as a fence, wire, or an old metal door or gate frame.

When should I plant my garden in Australia?

Given the continent’s size, climatic conditions in different parts vary greatly with distance from the equator. Due to its location in the Southern Hemisphere, Australian seasons will run counter to your own. It is summer down under and winter in Europe and Latin America. The tropical north of Australia has a wet and dry season in addition to the four seasons experienced in the rest of the country.

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Gyacinth Garden
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The warmest months are December through March (with an average temperature of 29 degrees Celsius), followed by the cooler months of autumn in April and May, winter in June through August (with an average temperature of 13 degrees Celsius), and spring September and November. The East Coast of Australia, which hosts most of the country’s population and receives the lion’s share of visitors, is known for its mild temperature. When it comes to the weather, the ocean waters have a significant impact.

Do cucumbers grow in winter in Australia?

Cucumbers are best planted in the fall (September to January), winter (October to December), and spring (July to March), depending on the environment. Cucumbers should be harvested from December through March in mild areas, December through February in cold climates, and September through April in tropical and subtropical regions.

When the soil is ready, and the weather is warm and dry enough, the cucumbers started in separate pots can be transplanted into the garden. Harden the seedlings for a week by leaving them outdoors in their containers during the day and protecting them at night. To get the soil ready for planting cucumbers, dig in some compost or soil improver, then spread the necessary amount of a high-quality vegetable and herb fertilizer on top and rake it in. 

Distance seedlings by 90cm and give them plenty of water. They’ll grow happily spreading over the ground without support, so long as you’re not short on room. Cucumbers can be picked at any time once they reach a size of around 15-20 cm in length. Make use of a sharp knife to remove them from the plant. Frequent harvesting will coax the plant into producing more foliage and a bountiful harvest.

How to grow vegetables from seeds in Australia?

It’s straightforward to start your seedlings from scratch. It’s easy on the wallet, entertaining, and provides abundant plant options. It’s ideal to try it out now that the weather is getting better and the days are becoming longer in the spring. Start with ‘leafies’ like brassicas, which quickly germinate and develop into healthy plants. Because of this, they are an excellent practice tool for starting plants from seed. With a high-quality seed-starting medium, you can reuse your old punnets.

These mixtures are typically created from composted bark and washed river sand. Their ability to retain moisture is commendable, draining quickly and easily. Get out a punnet, fill it full, and then pat the contents down with your palm to get them all the same height. Tamp this down, but don’t pack the soil too tightly; you want the mixture to be loose and airy for optimal root growth. Simply setting it down and tapping it a few times is the most effective way.

Your seed will be able to be planted on a good, flat surface. After seedlings have germinated, how do you tell when they’re mature enough to be transplanted into the garden? Here’s an excellent place to grow brassicas, a family of vegetables that includes broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage. Now, this is a standard procedure for every plant developed from seed.

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Gourd Gardening
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Australia vegetable planting calendar/guide/schedule/chart

Below are the vegetable planting calendar in Australia, the Australian vegetable-growing chart, and a month-wise planning guide. This calendar can also be your NSW vegetable planting calendar. 

Vegetables Arid climateTropical climateSubtropical climateTemperate climateCool climate 
Asparagus CrownsMay-JulMar-MayJun-AugJul-SepAug-Sep

Asparagus Seed
Bean, BroadApr-JulApr-JunMar-JunMar-JulMar-May,
Bean, BushSep-FebFeb-OctAug-AprSep-FebOct-Jan
Bean, ClimbingSep-FebFeb-OctAug-AprSep-JanOct-Dec
Bitter MelonSep-JanFeb-NovAug-JanSep-JanOct-Dec
Brussels SproutsN/AFeb-AprFeb-JunDec-AprOct-Feb
CabbageMar-AugFeb-NovAll yearJun-AprAug-Apr
Chinese cabbage Mar-Apr, 
Feb-NovAll yearJul-AugAug-Mar
Caper bush Jun-SepAug-OctSep-Nov
CapsicumSep-MayAll yearAug-MarAug-DecSep-Nov
ChilliAug-DecAll yearJul-MarAug-DecSep-Nov
Corn, SweetSep-JanAll yearAug-FebSep-JanOct-Jan
Corn salad Mar-JulApr-May,
Cress All yearAll yearAll yearAll yearAll year
EggplantAug-JanAll yearAug-MarSep-FebOct-Dec
Endive Mar-JulApr-JulMar-JulAug-Nov,
Fennel SepApr-JulAug-SepSep-OctSep-Dec
Florance fennel Mar-Apr, 
Garland Mar-Apr, 
Gourd Sep-JanFeb-SepJul-MarSep-FebOct-Dec
Jerusalem artichoke Aug-SepJul-OctAug-NovAug-Oct
Kale Mar-AugMar-AugMar-JulAug-MayJan-Apr
Kohlrabi Mar-AugMar-AugMar-JunAug-AprAug-Mar
Leek Feb-Apr,
LettuceMar-SepApr-NovAll YearAll yearSep-May
Mangel WurzelFeb-OctMar-JunFeb-OctJul-AprSep-Apr
MizunaAll yearAll yearAll yearAll yearAll year
MustardAll yearAll yearAll yearAll yearAll year
OkraSep-DecAll yearAug-FebSep-DecOct-Dec
RadishAll YearAll yearAll YearAll yearAug-Jun
Rocket Apr-JulMar-OctAug-Nov,
Rosella Sep-MarAll yearSep-MarSep-DecNov-Dec
Salsify Apr-JulSep-MarSep-DecSep-Oct
Shallot Mar-MayMar-JulApr-JulApr-May, 
Silver beetMar-OctMar-SepAll yearSep-MaySep-Apr
Spinach Mar-OctApr-JunMar-JulFeb-SepFeb-Nov
Squash Sep-JanFeb-NovAug-FebSep-JanSep-Dec
Sorrel Mar-May, 
Mar-May, Sep-NovMar-May, Sep-Nov
Swede Mar-SepFeb-AprJan-MayJan-AprSep-Nov, 
Warragal greens Aug-FebFeb-Apr,
Zucchini Aug-FebFeb-SepAug-FebSep-JanSep-Dec

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To successfully cultivate nutritious vegetables, one must pay close attention to detail. When preparing your garden, it is essential to consider the soil and the fertilizer, the companion plants you choose, and any pests there. If you live in the following states, towns, or cities of Australia, this article may be helpful in understanding the vegetable planting calendar and a month-wise chart along with planting seasons.

QueenslandNew South Wales
Western AustraliaSouth Australia
PerthGold Coast
Wagga WaggaShepparton
Northern TerritoryAustralian Capital Territory
Alice SpringsMackay
Coffs HarbourGladstone
Broken HillOrange
DubboMount Isa
DevonportLogan City
WhyallaPort Augusta
KalgoorliePort Pirie


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