California Vegetable Planting Calendar (CA): Month Wise Chart, Zone 5, Zone 6, Zone 7, Zone 8, Zone 9, Zone 10, and Seasons

The human diet isn’t complete without fruits and vegetables. Every year, millions of Americans grow their veggies at home. You can get a lot out of gardening, even if you just have a little space, some cheap equipment, and a desire to help the environment. Even a little land can provide a bountiful crop with the right care and attention.

California Vegetable Planting Calendar (CA)
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Many individuals who produce their veggies feel they taste best when harvested fresh, cooked swiftly, and eaten promptly. Below we learn the California vegetable planting calendar, different plants for California growing zones, and planting schedules for different seasons of California. 

California vegetable planting calendar (CA)

When should I plant my vegetable garden in California?

Vegetables can be grown and harvested throughout the year in California due to the pleasant weather. Gardeners must know which plants flourish in cooler and warmer conditions. If gardeners have trouble getting their crops to thrive, they can find success by consulting a vegetable planting guide for advice and information on when to plant their veggies. If a plant is put into the ground before or beyond its optimal growth time, it will not thrive. 

The optimal temperature range for the quick growth and production of high-quality vegetables from cool-season crops is between 55 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit. Even if a cold front passes across the region after the crops have been sown, these plants can tolerate only mild frosts. However, warm-season crops thrive when temperatures remain over 65 degrees Fahrenheit during the day.

While many parts of the United States prefer to grow their vegetables in the warm spring, most of California finds that some crops do better when planted in the colder autumn and winter months. Find out when the latest frost is likely to occur in your area. Six to eight weeks before the average date of the last frost, gardeners can put the seeds in starting pots and nurture them inside at a controlled temperature. 

It takes around two weeks for vegetable seeds to germinate and another four weeks for the seedlings to reach a size where they can be successfully transplanted outdoors. Second, ensure the soil is fertile and the seeds are consistently hydrated, then plant the seeds or transfer the seedlings after the final frost of the year. Gardeners in California have challenges due to the state’s distinct climate. This means Californians have access to a wide range of vegetable crops all year round.

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Can you grow vegetables year-round in California?

Because of California’s exceptional environment for producing vegetables, we can grow various vegetable crops throughout the year. Warm-season crops and cool-season crops are the two primary categories of crops. If you want the best possible harvest from each crop, you must make sure you plant at the appropriate time of year.

When should I start seeds in California?

Seeds of summer squash, tomatoes, sunflowers, basil, peppers, and beans should be started in April. Fall is the best time to sow winter lettuce and peas. The suggested planting time is too early unless the seed supplier also includes instructions for growing in warmer locations. You should think about getting your seeds from a nearby supplier. 

If you want to purchase seeds online, it’s best to look for stores in California since that’s where you’ll find the most climate-appropriate options. If you want local advice on when and what kind of seeds to plant in your part of California, rather than generic information found online, a small local nursery is the best bet for purchasing seeds in person.

What vegetables can I plant in April in California?

Plant or transplant the following vegetables and herbs: asparagus, chard, kale, kohlrabi, summer-maturing onions, beets, carrots, celery, parsley, leeks, lettuces, okra, peanuts, and the last peas; Plant early maturing types of beans, peppers, cucumbers, eggplants, melons, squash, and tomatoes that can survive in the colder soil temperatures. Hot caps, or transparent plastic water jugs with the bottoms and caps removed, can serve as a barrier against pests and a source of welcome nighttime cold.

Anise, catnip, chervil, chives, cilantro, comfrey, mint, oregano, dill, fennel, basil, borage, burnet, lavender, marjoram, rosemary, sage, savory, tarragon, and thyme are all excellent choices for sowing or transplanting. Perennial herbs are often beautiful, easy-care, and drought-resistant landscape plants. Dwarf green or dark opal basil, dill, marjoram, oregano, parsley, savory, and thyme are all herbs that can be grown successfully inside, provided they get enough sunlight and ventilation.

When should I plant in California?

Planting a California native at the right time and in the right way can make or break the plant’s chances of survival and the general health of a new landscape. The season, the size of the plant, the preparation of the planting hole, and the mulch are all crucial first steps. Late autumn, winter, and early spring are prime planting dates for native California plants. 

Most plants struggle to get off the ground in the heat of summer or early autumn, so planting before or during the winter rains is optimal. If you want to save water and give your plants the greatest chance of surviving in the garden, you can plant them in the summer, but it’s better to do it in the autumn or winter when it rains more often.

What are California zones for planting?

It is possible to maintain a garden throughout the year in California. Much of the state has a lovely Subtropical climate with hot, dry summers and wet, gloomy winters. Because of its unique environment, California is home to various agricultural products despite its tiny landmass and lengthy length. The state’s lower regions seldom experience the severe cold that affects the upper regions.

The northern hemisphere often experiences colder temperatures and more precipitation year-round. The first step in making a well-planned garden in California is learning about the various growing zones. California is located between planting zones 5a and 11. The state has been subdivided into a northern and southern half for gardening convenience. Northern California can fall anywhere between planting zones 5a and 10b.

In the south, you’ll find climatic zones 5a through 11a. You can organize your plants for each season with the help of planting zones. Knowing when the first and final frosts occur in a certain state will give you a better idea of what plants will do well there. Several different types of crops can be successfully grown in the state’s various climate regions. In California, more of a variety of crops are grown than anywhere else.

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When should I plant tomatoes in California?

Plant tomatoes in California as soon as possible to maximize productivity and quality. The USDA plant hardiness zones in southern California range from 5a to 10b. If you reside in the state’s southern half, you can plant anytime in March or April. The final day of frost is often around March 1st in coastal southern California. When the danger of frost has gone, around the 15th of March, tomato seeds can be put outside.

When a frost blanket is used, tomato plants in southern California can be planted sooner. Although tomatoes can thrive in outdoor gardens throughout January and February, frost is always a risk, thanks to the mild temperatures and lack of precipitation. Tomatoes can be planted in June or July for a harvest before the first frost in the spring, even if you’re growing a late crop.

Northern California is classified in USDA hardiness zones 5a through 10b due to its significantly milder environment than the south. Planting tomatoes in March and June in northern California is ideal. An early crop can be planted in the spring when the danger of frost has gone. Do not plant until the soil has reached a temperature of around 65 degrees Fahrenheit.

Growing tomatoes is a year-round practice in the central valley of California. Tomato seeds should be planted for the greatest results in the fall or spring. Tomatoes planted at this time will mature in the spring or summer. Ideally, when temperatures are lower, you should do your planting in the fall, winter, or early spring. Before the summer heat hits, your tomato plants will have time to establish.

What vegetables are good to plant right now in California?

Spring gardening in California 

If you’re in California’s tenth or eleventh planting zone, you’ve made it. In terms of spring weather, you’ve hit the gardening jackpot. Planting popular vegetables and fruits in your garden in March, April, and May in Zones 10 and 11 is usually successful because of the lack of frost during these months. Okra, Anaheim peppers, cherry tomatoes, eggplants, and butternut squash are some of our favorite crops for spring planting in these zones since they can be harvested several times throughout the summer.

You can grow everything you want. In March, planting cold-loving short-season crops like broccoli, buttercrunch, and iceberg lettuce is a good idea in California’s planting zones 6, 7, 8, and 9. The milder spring temperatures will be more agreeable for these crops than the scorching heat of a California summer. As the weather warms, they can be harvested to make room for California-friendly crops.

Midway through the spring is an excellent time to grow traditional home garden staples like jalapenos, corn, squash, habanero peppers, and green beans. Plant seeds indoors in March for these warm-season crops. Established plants can be moved outside into the garden in April and May when the night-time temperatures regularly remain above 50 degrees.  Zone 5 in California has a cool spring, even by national norms. This means that these areas have a rather brief growing season. Starting seeds indoors is optimal for a zone 5 California garden. 

Focusing on frost-tolerant crops is smart because of the long period of colder temperatures throughout the growing season. Late April or May is a good time to grow vegetables in zone 5, like collard greens, green peas, broccolini, and cabbage. Parsnips, b Brussels sprouts, and artichokes are wonderful options for the colder regions of California because of their long growing season and tolerance to cool temperatures. However, most typical garden veggies in California’s zone 5 cannot be planted until it warms up in June.

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Fall gardening in California 

The growing season in hardiness zones 10 and 11 in California is rather lengthy. You can collect most of your vegetables from late fall through early January. Plan on planting your autumn crop towards the end of August or the beginning of September. Consider collard greens, onions, and kale if you’re seeking harvestable vegetables that will last deep into the winter. You can try to grow banana peppers, anaheim peppers, cherry tomatoes, bell peppers, and any other typical food that isn’t cold and hardy.

Again, late summer, around August or September, is when you should strive for plating. Winter is coming, so keep an eye on the weather and protect your plants by wrapping them in straw or placing them in plastic buckets if the temperature drops below 40 degrees. Even in hardiness zones 10 and 11, your plants can surprise you with their resilience. Do you want to maintain gardening even if the weather is becoming cooler in California’s zone 6, 7, 8, or 9? The range of choices available to you might surprise you.

August and July are prime planting months for autumn crops in California’s hardiness zones 6, 7, 8, and 9. This should be sufficient time for the plant to get established before winter weather. Consider vegetables like cabbage, broccoli, and radishes that thrive in cool weather. If you need to plant anything in September or early October, hardy root crops and resilient leafy greens are excellent choices. Fall gardening in zone 5 of California is a race against the coming of winter.

When planning your autumn garden, it’s best to plant short-season crops in July or August to mature before the first frost. The most practical autumn crops in California’s zone 5 are those that can withstand cool temperatures. The state of California produces some of our favorite vegetables, including romaine lettuce, carrots, broccoli, and iceberg lettuce. 

These plants are hardy enough to survive California’s chilly winters, and they taste fantastic when roasted or added to soups and stews. Using hotbeds, covering plants with plastic at night, or “overwintering” perennials like tomatoes and peppers can prolong the life of your autumn garden in California zone 5.

Winter gardening in California 

For optimal vegetable harvests in late spring and autumn, choosing varieties that can survive growing in both cold and heat is ideal. However, these veggies can be grown year-round in places with moderate winters, such as Northern California. There are a few major benefits to growing veggies in winter instead of summer. To begin, they will need less watering because of the cooler temps. With drip watering, you can be confident that every drop of water is used effectively. In addition, the insect problem is much reduced over the winter.

Bare-root asparagus, rhubarb, and berries can now be planted. These veggies are excellent long-term producers but need full light, so think strategically about where to plant them. Spinach, collard greens, kale, broccoli, kohlrabi, Brussel sprouts, and leeks are hardy vegetables that survive frost and cold weather. Similarly successful are root vegetables like turnips and radishes.

Plants like parsley, sage, thyme, and rosemary are hardy enough to thrive in cold climates.  After discovering which winter veggies thrive in your climate, it comes down to personal preference. Grow root vegetables, leeks, kale, collard greens, etc., for substantial winter soups and stews. Asian greens, cabbage, and winter herbs are great additions to salads.

Summer gardening in California 

It’s time to grow some basil, beans, cucumbers, dill, kale, celery, chard, corn, leeks, green onions, melons, summer-maturing lettuce, okra, white potatoes, pumpkins, summer squash, New Zealand spinach, summer and winter squash. However, due to the extreme heat, plants may need more frequent watering throughout the summer, particularly in the interior.

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When possible, transplant your plants in the evening or late afternoon so they can rest overnight and get a head start on recovery before being subjected to the entire day’s worth of light and heat. Provide plenty of water to the newly planted seeds and protect them from the midday sun. Be sure to water regularly for at least a month after transplanting to ensure the soil stays wet and the plants thrive.

You can extend the life of your watering system by mulching around your transplants to prevent water loss. Seeds of carrots, celery, and cole crops such as broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, and kohlrabi should be planted towards the end of the month. Maintain wet soil in partial shade until they emerge, and then gradually expose them to more sunlight over a week.

Planting beans and carrots near where they will eventually be harvested are preferable to their natural habitat. Because of the late planting date, smut (the larger grey-black pods) can form in the corn by the time it is harvested in September. These contaminated ears must be appropriately destroyed to stop the spores spread. Several methods can improve seed germination in the warm summer months.

Plant seeds densely in containers or beds. Instead of using heavy soil, which crusts over and stops germination, particularly carrots, mulch the seeds lightly with sifted compost. Keep the air wet by misting the room or apartment for a few minutes every few hours. Cover the bed with burlap or plywood to protect the seeds from the heat of the air, provide the necessary moisture, and prevent the soil from crusting over.

California vegetable planting calendar 

Vegetables Zone 5Zone 6Zone 7Zone 8Zone 9Zone 10
Beans Mid May to
Sep                         
May to mid-OctApr to mid-OctMid Mar to mid-OctMid Feb to May
Sep to Nov
Apr to May
Jul to Aug
BeetsApr to June
mid-July to mid-Oct
Mid Mar to June
mid-July to mid-Oct
Mar to May
Aug to Oct
Mid Feb to mid-May
mid-Aug to mid-Nov
Feb to Apr
mid Sep to Nov
Feb to Apr
July to Aug
BroccoliMid Mar to June
July to Oct
Mar to mid-June
mid-July to Oct
Mid Feb to May
Aug to mid Nov
Feb to mid-May
Aug to Nov
Mid Jan to Apr
mid aug to mid dec
Feb to Mar
June to July
Brussel SproutsApr to OctMay to OctMid Apr to mid-SepApr to AugMar to JunLate May to early June
CabbageMid Apr to OctMay to OctMar to mid-June, mid-July to OctMid Feb to May
Aug to mid-Nov
Feb to mid-May
Sep to mid-Dec
Feb to Mar
June to July
CarrotsApr to Jun
Aug to mid-Oct
Apr to June, Aug to OctMar to mid-June
Aug to Oct
Mid Feb to May
mid-Aug to mid-Nov
Mid Feb to May
mid-Sep to mid Dec
Jan to Mar
June to Aug
CauliflowersMid Apr to mid-OctMar to mid-JuneMid Feb to May
Aug to mid-Nov
Feb to mid-May
mid-Aug to Nov
Feb to mid-May
Sep to mid-Dec
Feb to Mar, June to July
CornMid-May to mid-SepMay to SepMay to AugMid Apr to AugMid Feb to May
mid-Aug to Nov
Apr to July
CucumberMid-May to mid-SepMay to SepMay to AugMid Apr to AugMid Feb to May
mid-Aug to Nov
Apr to June
KaleApr to June
mid-July to Oct
Mid mar to mid Jun
Aug to mid Nov
Mar to May
Aug to mid-Nov
Mid Feb to mid-May
mid Aug to mid-Nov
Oct to DecMid Jan to mid-Feb, Sept to Nov
LettuceMid Apr to June
mid-July to mid-Oct
Mid Mar to mid-June
Aug to Oct
Mar to May
Aug to Oct
Mid Feb to May
mid-Aug to mid-Nov
Mid Jan to Apr
mid-Sep to mid-Dec
Dec to Mar, July to Aug
OnionsApr to SepMid- Mar to AugMar to AugMid Feb to AugMid-Jan to MayJan to march
Oct
PeasApr to June
mid-July to mid-Oct
Mid Mar to May
Aug to Oct
Mid Feb to mid-May
mid-Aug to mid-Nov
Mid Feb to mid-May
Sep to mid-Nov
Jan to march
Oct to mid-Dec
Jan to Apr
PeppersApr to SepMid Mar to SepMar to SepMid Feb to mid-SepJan to May
mid-July to Nov
Apr to May
SpinachApr to June
mid-July to oct
Mar to June
mid-July to oct
Mar to June
Aug to mid-Nov
Mid Feb to May, Sep to NovMid Jan to Apr
mid-Sep to mid-Dec
Late Jan to Feb
Oct to Nov
SquashMid May to SepMay to SepMay to mid-OctMid Apr to mid-OctMar to JunApr to July
TomatoApr to SepMid Mar to SepMar to SepMid Feb to mid-SepJan to May
mid-July to Nov
Apr to May

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Spinach garden
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Conclusion 

It’s best to begin planning your garden as soon as possible, whether you want a little or huge yield. Your well-kept garden will provide your family with fresh herbs and veggies throughout the summer. If you live in the following towns, cities, and counties of California (CA) of Zone 5, Zone 6, Zone 7, Zone 8, Zone 9, and Zone 10 in the United States, this article may help you understand the vegetable planting calendar, month-wise chart along with planting seasons.

Los AngelesRedwood City
San FranciscoSan Bernardino
Bay AreaFremont
San DiegoLaguna Beach
SacramentoSanta Rosa
San JoseVentura
California CityVisalia
FresnoSanta Cruz
OaklandSanta Ana
BakersfieldTemecula
Santa MonicaBurbank
Mountain ViewHuntington
Long BeachNewport
Santa BarbaraSan Luis Obispo
AnaheimOxnard
IrvineSanta Clara
StocktonSan Mateo
Palm SpringsGlendale
ModestoCompton
RiversideSunnyvale
MontereyFontana
Beverly HillsCarlsbad
MalibuCosta Mesa
Pasadena

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