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How to Grow Cassava/Yuca from Cuttings and Tubers: A Guide for Planting to Harvesting

Cassava is a tropical root crop extensively cultivated in many parts of the world for its starchy, tuberous roots. The cassava plant is a woody shrub and grows up to 5 meters in height. The root system is extensive, and the tuberous roots can weigh up to 20 kg. Cassava is a very versatile crop grown in various soils and climatic conditions.

How to Grow Cassava/Yuca from Cuttings and Tubers
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It is tolerant to drought and can be grown in marginal lands. Cassava can be propagated from stem cuttings or tubers. This blog post will discuss growing cassava from stem cuttings and tubers. We will also discuss the benefits of growing cassava and how it can be used as food and animal feed.

How to grow cassava/yuca from cuttings and tubers

What is cassava?

Cassava is a woody shrub that is native to South America. The plant’s roots are long and slender, and the leaves are large and oval-shaped. Cassava is a member of the Euphorbiaceae family, which includes other plants such as poinsettias and rubber trees. The cassava root is used for food and can be eaten cooked or raw, and it is a staple in many diets in tropical countries. In addition, cassava roots are rich in starch and can be made into flour, bread, noodles, and other foods.

How to propagate cassava from cuttings

  • Cut the stem of a mature plant at a 45-degree angle about 15 cm from the ground.
  • Remove any leaves from the bottom 7.5 cm of the cutting.
  • Dip the cut-end of the stem into rooting hormone powder.
  • You need to fill a planting pot with a well-draining potting soil mix and insert the cutting.
  • You should water the cuttings well and place it in a bright, warm location out of direct sunlight.
  • Maintain the soil moist but not waterlogged; within 4 to 6 weeks, roots should begin forming at the base of the cutting.
  • Once roots have formed, transplant the cassava cutting into a larger pot or outdoor location.

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Dried Cassava
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How to propagate cassava from tubers

To propagate cassava plants from tubers, the first step is to select healthy, disease-free tubers. The tubers should be 3 to 4 inches in diameter and 6-8 inches long. Cut the tubers into pieces, ensuring each has at least one bud or “eye.” Next, plant the pieces about 2-3 inches deep in well-drained soil. Maintain the soil moist but not too wet; within a few weeks, the tubers will sprout, and new plants will develop. 

How to care for your cassava plants

When it comes to cassava care, there are certain things to remember. First and foremost, cassava is a tropical plant that needs plenty of sunshine and warm temperatures to thrive. In terms of watering, cassava does not like to have its roots sitting in waterlogged soil, so be sure to provide well-draining soil and only water them when the top soil at the plant base is dry.

Third, regarding fertilizing, cassava is a relatively heavy feeder and benefits from fertilization every couple of weeks during the growing season of cassava with a balanced fertilizer. Lastly, cassava is susceptible to pests and diseases, so be on the lookout for common problems such as root-knot nematodes and leaf spot disease.

Cassava growing conditions

Cassava is a shrubby, woody plant that can grow up to 5 meters in height. The leaves are large, dark green, lobed, and the stems are thick and fleshy. Cassava is adapted to tropical and sub-tropical environments with high temperatures and ample rainfall. It grows best in deep, well-drained soils with a pH of 5.5 to 6.5. Cassava is a very drought-tolerant crop and can withstand long periods without water.

However, it requires high levels of humidity for optimal growth and production. Therefore, cassava is usually grown as an intercrop with other crops such as maize, beans, or peanuts. To grow cassava from cuttings or tubers, you will need the following:

  • A piece of cassava tuber or stem cutting at least 10 cm long
  • A planting site that receives full sun exposure
  • Well-drained soil
  • A watering can or hose

What type of soil is best for cassava?

Cassava is a root crop that grows in tropical climates. It can be grown in various soils, but the best soil for cassava is sandy loam or clay loam. The ideal pH range for cassava is 5.5 to 6.5.

Does cassava need full sun?

Cassava is a tropical root crop that grows best in full sun. It needs at least 6 to 7 hours of sunlight daily to produce a good yield. If you live in a region with limited sunlight, you can grow cassava under artificial lighting.

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Cassava Leaves
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Best methods to plant cassava 

For propagation, you can use either tubers or cuttings. Cuttings are generally easier to work with and will produce a higher yield than tubers, but both methods will produce healthy plants. To plant cassava from tubers, bury them in well-draining soil about 12 inches deep, spacing them about 18 inches apart. Water, the planting area regularly to keep the soil moist. Once the plants have emerged and are about 6 inches tall, you can begin harvesting leaves for use in salads or other dishes.

Plant cassava from cuttings

  1. Find a healthy stem at least 6 inches long with several leaves.
  2. Cut the stem into 2-inch sections, ensuring each section has at least two leaves.
  3. Plant the sections in well-draining soil about 12 inches deep, spacing them 18 inches apart.

Watering is regularly required to keep the soil moist. Once the plants have emerged and are about 6 inches tall, you can begin harvesting leaves for use in salads or other dishes.

Which month is best to plant cassava?

If you’re thinking of planting cassava, you may wonder which month is the best. The answer depends on where you live, as cassava is a tropical plant that grows best in warm climates. The best time to plant cassava is during the rainy season, which will help the plants thrive. If you live in regions with a dry season, you can still plant cassava, but you’ll need to water it regularly to ensure it doesn’t get too stressed.

When to water your cassava plant?

It is important to water your cassava plant regularly, especially when the weather is hot and dry. Cassava plants need about 1 to 2 inches of water per week. Water the plant at the base, careful not to get the leaves wet. It would help if you allowed the soil to dry slightly between watering.

Does cassava need fertilizer?

Cassava does not need a lot of fertilizer, but it benefits from having some. The best time to fertilize cassava is when the plant is actively growing, typically in the spring and summer. A general-purpose fertilizer high in nitrogen will work well for cassava. You will need to apply the fertilizer around the plant base carefully.

How many days does it take cassava to germinate?

It takes about 3 to 4 days for cassava to germinate. The optimal temperature for germination is 27 to 32°C. Cassava can be grown in many soils, but loamy soils with good drainage are ideal.

How long does cassava take to grow?

Cassava is a fast-growing crop that can be harvested within 6-8 months after planting. Cassava plants are usually grown from cuttings or tubers, which can be obtained from farmers or purchased from nurseries. To grow cassava from cuttings, choose stems about 1 cm in diameter and 30 cm long. Cut the stem into 3 to 4 pieces, each with 2 to 3 nodes (the point where leaves attach to the stem).

Plant the stem cuttings in a sunny location in well-draining soil. Water regularly and fertilize monthly. To grow cassava from tubers, select tubers that are plump and free of blemishes. Cut the tuber into 2 to 3 pieces, each with 2 to 3 eyes (buds). Plant the tuber pieces in a sunny location in well-draining soil. Water regularly and fertilize monthly.

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Cassava Plant
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What is the major problem with growing cassava?

One of the biggest problems growing cassava is its susceptibility to pests and diseases. These pests and diseases can quickly destroy a crop if not properly controlled. Cassava is also a heavy feeder and requires many nutrients to grow well. This means it must be grown in fertile soils and given adequate fertilizer.

Common pests and diseases in cassava plants

Cassava is a tropical crop cultivated in many parts of the world. Cassava is a hardy plant that can tolerate poor soils and harsh climates but is susceptible to pests and diseases. There are several common cassava pests and diseases that farmers need to be aware of. These include:

  • Cassava mosaic virus: This virus is spread by insects and causes the plant’s leaves to turn yellow or brown and curl up. Cassava plants will produce fewer leaves, and the yield will be reduced. 
  • Cassava brown streak virus: This virus is spread by insects and causes the plant’s stem to turn brown. The leaves will also turn brown and wilt. The plant will produce fewer roots, and the yield will be reduced. 
  • Root-knot nematodes: These parasitic worms invade the plant’s roots and cause them to swell up. The plant will be stunted, and the yield will be reduced. 
  • Whiteflies: These tiny insects suck the sap from the cassava plant’s leaves, causing the leaves to turn yellow and drop off. The yield will be reduced if the infestation is severe. Farmers need to be aware of these common cassava pests and diseases to control them and protect their crops.

How many times can cassava be harvested in a year?

Cassava is a woody shrub that is native to South America. This plant grows up to 20 feet tall and has large, green leaves. The root of the plant is long and thick, and it can be harvested multiple times throughout the year. Cassava roots are rich in starch and can be eaten boiled, roasted, or mashed. They can also be ground into flour or made into tapioca pudding. The cassava plant leaves are also edible and are often used in soups or stews.

How long does cassava last in soil?

Cassava is a perennial shrub that produces an underground tuber. The tuber can be up to 1.5 meters long and about 15 cm in diameter and is typically harvested for food. Cassava roots can last for several years in the ground if they are not damaged or disturbed. However, once cassava roots are harvested, they will only last for a few weeks before they start to deteriorate.

What is the life cycle of cassava?

Cassava is a root vegetable and is popular in many tropical countries. It is a staple food crop in Africa and South America and is also grown in Asia and the Caribbean. Cassava can be grown from cuttings or tubers, and the life cycle of cassava is relatively short. Cassava is a herbaceous perennial plant that typically grows to a height of 2 meters to 3 meters. The main stem is typically unbranched, and the leaves are arranged in a spiral pattern.

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Yuca Cassava
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The leaves are large and pleated, and the flowers are small and white. The life cycle of cassava begins with planting. Cassava can be planted from cuttings or tubers. Cuttings are taken from the stems of mature cassava plants, and each cutting should have at least one leaf bud. Tubers are thickened underground stems that contain all the nutrients necessary for germination.

Once planted, it takes about 3 to 4 months for cassava to mature. During this time, the plant will produce new leaves and flowers. Once the plant has flowered, the tuberous roots will begin to swell. Harvesting usually occurs 4 to 5 months after planting. After harvesting, cassava can be stored for several months before it needs to be replanted. To replant, cut off a section of root that contains at least one bud, and plant it in well-drained soil. With proper care,

Why do we soak cassava in water?

Cassava is a woody shrub that is native to South America. The root of the plant is the part that is used for food. The root is long and thick, white or yellow inside. Cassava roots are very hard, and they need to be soaked in water before they can be eaten.

Soaking cassava in water helps soften the root so it can be cooked. It also helps remove some of the toxins in the root. For example, cassava roots contain high levels of cyanide, which is poisonous if taken in large quantities. Soaking the roots in water helps to reduce the level of cyanide in them.

Can you grow cassava from store-bought?

Before growing cassava from store-bought tubers or cuttings, there are a few things to consider:

  1. It is important to check if the plant is GMO or hybrid. If so, it will be sterile and cannot be propagated.
  2. Ensure the tuber or cutting is healthy and free of pests and diseases.
  3. Choose a sunny spot in your garden with well-drained soil.

To grow cassava from store-bought tubers or cuttings, start by soaking the tuber or cutting it in water for 24 hours. This will help to promote root growth. Next, plant the tuber or cut it into a hole twice as deep as the tuber or cutting itself. You should water well and keep the soil moist but not water-logged. In 6 to 8 weeks, you should see new growth emerging from the soil.

How to grow cassava in containers/pots?

Cassava is a tropical root vegetable often grown in containers or pots. Growing cassava in containers is an excellent way to get started with this versatile and easy-to-grow crop.

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Yucca Blossom
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Tips for growing cassava in containers

  1.  Choose a container at least 18 inches wide and deep. Cassava roots can grow up to 3 feet long, so ensure your container is big enough to accommodate them.
  2. Fill your container with a well-draining potting mix. Cassava prefers sandy or loamy soil, so look for a mix that contains these ingredients.
  3. Plant your cassava cuttings or tubers about 6 inches apart, making sure the cuttings have at least two leaves each. If you’re planting tubers, plant them 1 to 2 inches deep.
  4. Water your cassava regularly, keeping the soil moist but not water-logged. If you live in a hot climatic zone, you may need to water your cassava more frequently.
  5. Fertilize your plants every few weeks using a balanced fertilizer such as 10-10-10. Keep an eye on the leaves of your plants and reduce the amount of fertilizer you’re using if they start to turn yellow.
  6. Harvest your cassava roots when they are 6 to 8 inches long, typically after about nine months of growth. Cut the foliage back to about 6 inches.


With these tips on growing cassava from cuttings and tubers, you can have a thriving cassava plant in no time. Cassava is a versatile and nutrient-rich root vegetable perfect for sweet and savory dishes. Growing your cassava at Home is easy and rewarding, so why not try it?


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