How to Grow Violette De Bordeaux Fig: Step-By-Step Guide to Planting to Harvest

The Violette De Bordeaux Fig tree is a remarkable variety that thrives in cooler summer locations. Its small jet-black fruit with dark red flesh makes it an attractive addition to any garden or orchard. This fig tree belongs to the scientific name Ficus carica ‘Violette De Bordeaux’ and falls under the genus Ficus and family Moraceae.

Violette De Bordeaux Fig

Violette De Bordeaux Fig

Violette De Bordeaux Fig Tree Profile

NameViolette De Bordeaux Fig tree
Other namesVista, Negronne, Petite Negri, Valle Calda
Scientific nameFicus carica ‘Violette De Bordeaux’
Light RequiredFull Sun
BloomsLate Summer, Fall
FruitSmall to medium, purple-black fruit with a deep red strawberry-colored flesh and distinctive sweet, rich flavor.
FoliageLarge, glossy green lobed leaves; low and bushy.

Soil Conditions and Fertilization Strategies

These fig trees thrive in well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter. Before planting, it’s important to prepare the soil by loosening it by using a garden fork or tiller. To provide adequate nutrients for the Violette De Bordeaux Fig tree, apply compost or well-rotted manure to the soil before planting.

Fertilization is another aspect of caring for your Violette De Bordeaux Fig tree. During the growing season, regular fertilization is necessary to promote healthy growth and fruit production. Using an organic fertilizer high in potassium, like fish emulsion, can be beneficial for fig trees.

Sunlight Requirements for Maximizing Production

These fig trees thrive in full sun, so find a spot in your garden that gets at least six hours of direct sunlight each day. To make the most of the available sunlight, consider positioning your fig tree where it can benefit from reflected light as well. Placing it near a white wall or fence can help bounce additional light onto the leaves and fruits.

Watering Techniques

It’s important to remember that fig trees prefer well-drained soil. Overwatering the fig tree can lead to root rot, so make sure the soil is not overly saturated. A good rule of thumb is to water deeply but infrequently. This means giving the tree a thorough soaking once or twice a week. During hot summer months, when temperatures soar, it’s important to monitor moisture levels more closely. If the soil feels dry, it’s time to water again.

Step-By-Step Guide to Planting Violette De Bordeaux Fig Tree In Your Garden

  1. Select a sunny place in your garden with well-drained soil. The Violette De Bordeaux Fig tree thrives in full sun, so make sure it receives at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight each day.
  2. Next, carefully dig a hole that is about twice as wide and deep as the tree root ball. Gently remove the fig tree from its pot or container and place it in the hole; it sits at the same depth as it was previously planted.
  3. Backfill the hole by using soil and tamp down around the base of the tree to eliminate any air pockets. Water the fig tree thoroughly to settle the soil around the roots.
  4. After planting, apply a mulch layer around the tree base to help retain moisture and suppress weed growth. This will also protect against extreme temperatures during winter months.
  5. To promote healthy growth, water your Violette De Bordeaux Fig regularly throughout its first growing season. Aim for deep watering the tree once or twice a week.
  6. In terms of fertilization, feed your Violette De Bordeaux Fig tree with an organic balanced fertilizer during early spring and midsummer. This will provide nutrients for optimal growth and fruit production.

In case you missed it: Fig Cultivation Information Guide

Fig Growing on The Tree

Winter Care Tips

Firstly, it’s crucial to protect your fig tree from freezing temperatures. One way to do this is by providing a layer of mulch around the tree base. Violette De Bordeaux Fig season typically ripens in late summer to early fall, making them a delightful treat during this time of year.

In addition, watering is still necessary even during winter. However, be sure not to overwater, as excessive moisture can lead to root rot. It’s best to water sparingly and only when the soil feels dry. If you live in an area with harsh winters, consider providing additional protection, such as wrapping burlap around your fig tree or using frost blankets on particularly cold nights.


One common propagation method for Violette De Bordeaux Fig is through cuttings. To propagate from cuttings, select a healthy branch from the parent tree and make a clean cut just below a node. Remove any leaves or buds from the lower half of the cutting and dip them in the rooting hormone before planting it in well-draining soil. Another method is air layering, which involves creating a new root system on an existing branch while it is attached to the parent tree.

This can be done by making an incision into the bark, applying rooting hormone, then wrapping moist sphagnum moss around the wounded area and covering it with plastic wrap. Grafting is another option for propagation. This involves joining two different plant parts together so that they grow as one plant. It requires some skill and knowledge but can result in stronger plants with desirable traits.

Pruning and Training

By properly pruning and shaping the branches, you can encourage a strong framework for the tree and promote better fruit production. Start by pruning the tree with any dead branches, as well as any crossing branches. This will help to reduce the risk of disease. When it comes to training your Violette De Bordeaux Fig tree, you have several options.

You can choose to train it as a single-trunked specimen by removing all lateral shoots except for one main stem. Alternatively, you can opt for a multi-branched form by allowing multiple stems to develop. Remember that pruning should be done during dormancy in early spring before new growth begins.

Organic Pest and Disease Control Methods

There are several organic methods used to protect the Violette De Bordeaux Fig tree without resorting to harmful chemicals. One effective method is companion planting. By interplanting beneficial herbs and flowers around your fig tree, you can naturally repel pests. Marigolds, for example, emit a scent that deters aphids and nematodes.

In case you missed it: Optimizing Fig/Anjeer Orchard Management: A Month-by-Month Operation Guide for Maximum Yield

Picking Ripe Figs

Another natural pest control option is using insecticidal soap or neem oil spray. These gentle solutions effectively eliminate common garden pests like scale insects and spider mites while being safe for the environment. Preventing fungal diseases such as powdery mildew can be achieved by ensuring proper air circulation around the foliage of your fig tree.

Harvesting and Post-Harvest Care

When it comes to harvesting the tree, timing is key. You want to wait until the fruits are fully ripe before picking them off the tree. This ensures that you get the best flavor and texture from your figs. To determine if a fig is ready for harvest, gently squeeze it. If it gives slightly and feels soft, then it’s time to pick. When harvesting, use clean pruning scissors to cut the stem about half an inch above the fruit. This helps prevent potential damage to the tree itself.

Once you’ve harvested your figs, proper post-harvest care is essential for maintaining their quality. Start by washing them gently with cool water and patting them dry by using a towel. To prolong their shelf life, store your figs in a single layer on a plate or shallow container lined with paper towels. If you have an abundance of ripe figs and can’t consume them all right away, consider freezing them for later use.

Growing Violette De Bordeaux Figs in Pots

Growing Violette De Bordeaux Figs in pots is a great option for those who have limited space or live in colder climates. To start, choose a large pot that is 18 inches deep and wide to allow room for the roots to grow. Next, fill the pot with well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter. Place your potted Violette De Bordeaux Fig tree in a sunny place where it will receive at least six hours of direct sunlight each day.

Watering is an important aspect of growing figs in pots. Keep the soil moist but not soggy. During winter months, protect your potted Violette De Bordeaux Fig tree from freezing temperatures by moving it indoors. Pruning your Violette De Bordeaux Fig tree annually will help maintain tree shape and encourage new growth.

In case you missed it: 12 Best Fig Tree Fertilizers: Top Organic Fruit Tree Fertilizers Along with Price

Fresh Figs


The Violette De Bordeaux Fig tree offers a host of benefits that make it a fantastic addition to any garden. Growing Violette De Bordeaux Fig indoors can be a rewarding experience for any gardener, whether you have limited outdoor space or want to enjoy fresh figs year-round.


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