Indian Mango Varieties

Indian Mango Varieties:

Indian Mango Varieties
Indian Mango Varieties

Introduction of Indian Mango Varieties:- India is base for several varieties of mangoes. Each mango variety has a unique taste and flavour. The mostly cultivated commercial varieties of mangoes in India are: Chinna Rasam, Cheruku Rasam, Pedda Rasam, Mallika, Neelam. Panchadara Kalasa, Manjeera, Amrapali, Arkapuneet, Alphonso, Kesar, Langra, Dashehari, Banginapalli, Totapuri, Suvarnarekha, Kothapalli Kobbari, Fazili, Chousa, Ratole, Kaju, Mulgoa, Jahangir, Rumani, Himayat, Khatta Meetha, and Sindhu.

List of Famous Commercial Indian Mango Varieties (Cultivars):

Alphonso  / Alfonso: Alphonso is also known as; Alfonso, Alphanso, Hapus, Hapoos, Bombay variety.  This variety is often considered to be a king even amongst the ‘King of fruits’ and is widely considered to be the tastiest fruit in India. Alphonso Mangoes are oval in shape and about 4 to 6 inches long. The skin of the ripe Alphonso fruit is golden yellow in colour, but is inedible. It has a thin firm skin and a delicious pulp. The stone or seed is smaller than many varieties of mangoes and the yield of pulp is therefore much more than in many varieties.

  • Characteristics of Alphonso and Purpose:
    This cultivar has excellent quality for pulping and canning, primly exported as fresh fruit to other countries.

Himayat: This Variety is one of the best mangoes of India and also knows as ‘Imam Pasand’, ideally suited for dessert, the table and show. This variety fruit fruit weigh about 500 grams and are a beautiful smooth oval at maturity. Himayat can challenge the taste of Alphonso variety. Properly harvested and ripened fruits have a fibre less, silky flesh with a deep, sweet flavour and distinct citrus overtones.

Kesar: This is a leading cultivar with a red blush on the shoulders. Kesar mango fruit size is medium and shape oblong. This variety has a high pulp content, and a saffron colour. Hence it is called as ‘Kesar’ in India.

  • Characteristics of Kesar and Purpose:
    This variety is mainly used as a table fruit which is ideal for pulping and juice extracts.

This cultivar has excellent demand in south India and this is also known as Chapta and Safeda. generally this variety of fruit is large in size and obliquely oval in shape. The colour of the banagalnapalli mango is golden yellow.

This variety derives its name from the village Dashehari from Uttar pradesh in Indian. This variety is a leading commercial variety of north India and one of the best varieties of India. The fruit size is medium, shape is oblong to oblong oblique and fruit colour is yellow.

  • Characteristics of Dasheari:
    Dasheari variety is the best one among the varieties in India, This fruit variety is a good source of Vitamin ‘C’.

This variety originated as a chance seedling in the orchard of Uttar Pradesh. This cultivar is commonly grown in northern parts of India due to its characteristic flavour and taste. These fruits are large in size, ovate to oval oblique in shape and light yellow in colour.

  • Characteristics of Chausa:
    One of the most delicious mango fruits available in this season, this variety has an attractive size plus juicy characteristics.

This variety is also known as the ‘Pires’ because of common belief that the Portuguese cultivated the variety when they colonized Goain the Konkan region. It is possibly the No.2 mango from the Konkan region of India. The Payri cultivar is from Ratnagiri has its own cult following and often fetches higher market rate than the Alphonso variety. This fruits is more colourful and has a unique beak at the bottom containing a watery pulp.

Malgis: One of the most colourful mango varieties from the Konkan region of India, this fruit has a unique taste and flavour.As it has higher water content with ‘threads’ of fibre, this fruit is normally sucked and not cut.

Rajapuri: This mango variety is widely used to make various Indian products such as mango katki and chunda. This variety mango comes in a very large size weighing anywhere between 350 to 600 grams. It has a very thick skin, a small seed and a soft inside with little or no threads. This mango is also used to make ‘muramba’, a traditional recipe of mango pieces in sugar syrup.

Totapuri: This cultivar is one of the most affordable mango varieties in India, it is also called as the ‘mango of the common man’, as it is marketed in all parts of India. This variety has a unique shape and a very thick skin, which allows it to be transported loose, and without any packing. The purpose of this mango variety is to make mango pulp, it has a light flavour. This mango variety has a very small stone and therefore, a higher pulp yield.

  • Characteristics of Totapuri: It has good keeping quality, but is susceptible to bacterial spots.

Neelam: Another Indian variety that is widely consumed, the Neelam, is often seen in Indian markets just before the monsoons. Neelam mangoes are quite sweet if a little acidic in taste.
The arrival Season for Mango varieties in to Market: Most of the Indian mango varieties will be out in summer.

For Complete Mango Farming Information : Read here.

For Indian Agriculture: Read here.