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Malabar Spinach Propagation from Seed and Cuttings: Growing Bachalakura in Pots, Indoors, and Balcony

This guide explores propagating Malabar Spinach, a nutritious spinach variety with vibrant green leaves and health benefits. It covers growing Bachalakura in pots and indoors, transforming spaces into a lush haven of freshness and wellness. The journey involves nurturing Malabar Spinach from seeds to vines.

Malabar Spinach

Malabar Spinach Propagation from Seed and Cuttings

What is Malabar Spinach

Malabar Spinach is a tropical plant with heart-shaped leaves, often mistaken for true spinach. It’s not a climber requiring a trellis. Thriving in hot, humid climates, its mild flavor and gummy texture make it versatile for raw or cooked consumption.

Select the Best Seeds and Cuttings

  1. Prioritize fresh, quality seeds with a glossy, uniform appearance, free from damage.
  2. When choosing cuttings, opt for healthy vine tips with firm stems and at least two nodes.
  3. Employ a nutrient-rich, well-draining soil mix, enhancing fertility with organic matter.
  4. Employ a slightly acidic to neutral pH for optimal growth—plant seeds at a shallow depth, maintaining consistent moisture.
  5. For cuttings, use rooting hormone and plant in a prepared bed with moistened soil.
  6. Provide a warm, humid environment, shield young plants from direct sunlight, and maintain a consistent watering schedule.
  7. Regularly monitor for pests and diseases, harvesting mature leaves with sharp, clean tools.
  8. Foster a nurturing approach for a robust Malabar Spinach garden.

Varieties of Malabar Spinach

Malabar Spinach boasts diverse varieties, catering to varied tastes and growing conditions. From the visually striking red-stemmed and Violet types to the classic green-stemmed variety, each offers a unique flavor profile. The traditional heart-shaped leaf variety remains a timeless favorite, while Gardeners’ Delight stands out for its abundant yields.

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Malabar Spinach Decorated Pot

Compact and heat-tolerant varieties suit smaller spaces and warmer climates. Gourmet and hybrid options elevate culinary experiences. With options ranging from perennial varieties to improved disease-resistant hybrids, Malabar Spinach provides a rich palette for gardeners and chefs alike, enhancing both gardens and dining tables.

Prepare the Soil and Containers

  1. Start by preparing well-draining soil rich in nutrients.
  2. Use a combination of compost and potting mix, maintaining a slightly acidic to neutral pH.
  3. Select containers with adequate drainage holes for optimal moisture control.

Clean and sanitize containers to prevent disease. Prioritize loose and friable soil to facilitate root development. Incorporate organic matter to enhance fertility. For seeds, plant in a shallow depth and water gently. If using cuttings, dip in rooting hormone before planting. Maintain a warm, humid environment and monitor moisture levels regularly. With proper preparation, your Malabar Spinach will thrive.

Sow the Seeds and Planting the Cuttings

For successful Malabar Spinach cultivation, sow seeds or plant cuttings with care. When sowing seeds, choose a well-draining soil, lightly covering them. Ensure consistent moisture, keeping the soil slightly moist. Choose healthy vines with at least two nodes for cuttings, dip the cut end in rooting hormone to promote root formation, and plant cuttings in a prepared bed or pot with moistened soil.

Maintain a warm, humid environment for seed germination or cutting establishment. Water gently, avoiding displacement. Regularly monitor for pests and diseases. Once established, enjoy a continuous harvest by harvesting leaves regularly with sharp, clean tools.

Germination and Early Growth

Malabar Spinach seedlings require a warm, moist environment for optimal germination. Sow seeds shallowly in well-draining soil, maintaining consistent moisture. Seedlings emerge in 7-14 days. Provide indirect sunlight initially, gradually introducing them to direct sunlight. Keep soil consistently moist during early growth.

Once true leaves appear transplant seedlings into a sunny location with fertile soil. Mulching aids in moisture retention. Protect young plants from extreme weather. Regular monitoring, proper watering, and gradual acclimatization ensure robust early growth for vibrant and healthy Malabar Spinach plants.

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Malabar Spinach Indoor Pot

Care for Malabar Spinach Seedlings and Cuttings

  1. Light: Provide ample sunlight for at least 6 hours daily.
  2. Water: Maintain consistent moisture without waterlogging.
  3. Soil: Use well-draining, nutrient-rich soil for optimal growth.
  4. Protection: Shield from harsh sun initially, gradually exposing to full sunlight.
  5. Feeding: Apply a balanced fertilizer to encourage robust development.
  6. Pruning: Pinch tips for bushier plants; remove damaged leaves promptly.
  7. Support: Install stakes for climbing varieties to ensure proper support.
  8. Disease Control: Monitor for pests and diseases; apply organic remedies when needed.
  9. Transplanting: Transplant carefully, ensuring minimal root disturbance.
  10. Harvesting: Begin harvesting when plants are well-established, promoting continuous growth.

Transplant Malabar Spinach Seedlings and Cuttings

Transplanting Malabar Spinach seedlings and cuttings is a straightforward process. Choose well-drained soil and space seedlings about 12 inches apart. For cuttings, plant them in prepared soil, ensuring a minimum of two nodes are below the surface. Water generously and shield from direct sunlight initially. Regularly monitor and nurture the transplants for a thriving Malabar Spinach garden.

How to Grow Malabar Spinach Indoors and on Balconies

Growing Malabar Spinach indoors or on balconies is easy. Use a well-draining pot with rich soil. Plant seeds or cuttings, ensuring adequate sunlight. Water consistently, avoiding waterlogged soil. Trim regularly for bushier growth. Harvest leaves when mature.

Pest and Disease Management for Malabar Spinach

  1. Implement effective pest and disease management.
  2. Regularly inspect leaves for pests like aphids and caterpillars.
  3. Employ organic remedies like neem oil for control.
  4. Prevent fungal issues by maintaining well-drained soil.
  5. Water at the base to minimize leaf moisture.

Best Fertilizers for Malabar Spinach

Choose balanced, organic fertilizers for Malabar Spinach, such as a 10-10-10 NPK mix. Enhance soil with compost to boost nutrient levels. Apply fertilizer during planting and monthly for optimal growth. Avoid excess nitrogen, promoting foliage over fruit. Consistent feeding ensures vigorous, flavorful Malabar Spinach harvests.

When to Harvest Malabar Spinach

Harvest Malabar Spinach when leaves are young and tender, typically 6-8 weeks after planting. Choose mornings or evenings to harvest, avoiding peak heat. Regular harvesting encourages continuous growth. Use clean scissors or shears to cut leaves, promoting plant health. Harvest before flowering for optimal flavor and texture. Enjoy this nutrient-rich green in salads, stir-fries, or as a garnish. Aim for a balance—harvesting enough for your needs while allowing the plant to flourish for sustained yields.

Tips to Get More and Bushy Malabar Spinach Leaves

Provide rich, well-draining soil, ample sunlight, and consistent watering. To encourage lateral branching and enhance the size of the plant, it is advisable to prune the growing tips regularly. To increase leaf production, use a balanced fertilizer and mulch around the base to preserve moisture. Protect the plants from harsh winds and pests. Regular harvesting promotes leaf growth, ensuring a continuous supply.

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Malabar Spinach

Best Way to Store Malabar Spinach Seeds for Next Year Plantation

  1. Store Malabar Spinach seeds in a cool, dry place.
  2. Place the seeds in a breathable container like a paper envelope, removing excess moisture.
  3. Label with the date and variety.
  4. Keep away from direct sunlight to prevent premature germination.
  5. Regularly check for signs of mold or pests.

Proper storage preserves seed quality, ensuring a successful and vibrant Malabar Spinach harvest in the upcoming planting season.


Cultivating Malabar Spinach is a rewarding journey with vibrant varieties and health benefits. Choose quality seeds and nurture them with care, ensuring optimal light, water, and nutrient balance. Shield from pests, feed wisely and enjoy the joy of a bountiful harvest. Enjoy this versatile spinach variety in meals and let your garden flourish.


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