New Zealand (NZ) Vegetable Planting Calendar: Month-wise Chart, Dates Guide, Schedule for Fall, Winter, Spring, and Summer Seasons

There’s nothing like the pride of “growing your own,” whether your ideal vegetable garden is overflowing with crisp summer salad greens or substantial winter carrots and leeks. For this to happen, a vegetable planting calendar is a must. Below we learn the New Zealand vegetable planting calendar, vegetable planting guide for NZ, when to plant vegetables in NZ, month-wise gardening schedules for New Zealand vegetables, and vegetable seed sowing chart for NZ home gardens.

New Zealand (NZ) Vegetable Planting Calendar
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New Zealand (NZ) vegetable planting calendar

What vegetables to plant in September NZ?

Plant seeds for carrots, parsnips, beets, silverbeets, peas, lettuce, cabbage, leeks, tomatoes, peppers, eggplant, zucchini, and cucumbers. When the weather is warm enough, and they have two or more genuine leaves, it’s time to transplant them to the garden. 

Direct-sow edible beans, such as peas, snow peas, runner beans, and bush beans. Prevent the onset of any frosts. If you plant your seeds too deeply, they can rot. Observe the instructions detailed on the packet’s reverse. Don’t throw away the little carrot and beetroot plants you remove while thinning. They can be used in salads.

What veggies do I plant now in NZ?

If you want to avoid scorching your plants immediately, planting in the early morning or late afternoon is ideal. The following vegetables are ideal for a spring vegetable garden: kale, spring onions, cabbage, cavolo nero, beetroot, celery, broccoli, red and white cabbage, and sugar snap peas. Planting veggies at the right time of year increases the yield and quality of the harvest; our planting calendar includes a helpful list of what to grow each month.

What can I plant in January and February NZ?

Prepare a live mulch to plant in the fall, or give your soil a break. Plantings of brassicas in May may proceed once lupin has cleared the way. Vegetables such as kohlrabi, carrots, parsnips, and radishes. These carrots are delicious since they were seeded in the summer and picked in the winter. Planting lettuce, spinach, and other leafy greens like coriander and rocket under taller plants help protect them from bolting.

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Broccoli Garden
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The brassicas of fall should be gently sparked into life now. You’ll get a helpful mixed and staggered crop if you plant a little bit of broccoli, cabbage, and cauliflower at different times. Broccoli is the first to be ready, followed by cabbage and cauliflower. Silverbeet, perennial beet, spring onion, red onion, chard, parsley, or celery may all be sown in a tray. Sowing basil seeds often and in small amounts is a great idea.

Basia lovelynning summer herb, and it’s at its most delicious and attractive when it’s young and fresh. Leave the old plants to bloom for the bees, and harvest the seed later. In warm soil, plant dwarf beans. Planting another row now will keep you in harvest far into the fall. Beetroot and salad greens can be straight-seeded along the picking edge or tray sowed in shallow plug trays.

What veggies can you plant in March in NZ?

Beginning in March, seedlings of cabbage, Brussels sprouts, spinach, carrots, leeks, cauliflower, broccoli, beetroot, winter lettuce, silverbeet, and winter herbs should be planted.

Can you plant potatoes in March in NZ?

Choose a seed potato variety that appeals to your sense of taste and can be harvested within the time frame you choose. It’s best to get your seed potatoes about a month before you want to plant them. Take them out of the bag and put them on trays in a cool, dark area until the sprouts are about 20-40 mm long. If you use an existing garden bed, dig in organic stuff such as sheep pellets. Dig deep furrows in the soil, spacing them at least 300 millimeters apart for baby crops and 400 millimeters for the main crop and bigger types.

Build walkways out of stones in the middle of the furrows. They’ll thrive when you give your plants more of what they need. When growing potatoes, it’s essential to feed them every three to four weeks. Planting potatoes in garden beds and fertilizing them with strong phosphorus and potassium fertilizer will result in good tuber development and robust plant growth.

Can I plant tomatoes in February NZ?

Tomato seedlings can be planted from late October through January in warmer locations and in November and December in colder ones. Plants should not be planted too early, particularly in colder areas, since this crop needs consistent warmth for optimal early development. If there’s a likelihood of a late cold period, you should hold off until Labor Day or early November. The tomatoes planted later will quickly catch up to and maybe surpass those planted earlier but are now moping because of their chilly start.

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Rhubarb plant
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Tomato seeds should be planted in damp potting soil in trays or jiffy pots at a depth of around 5 mm. In 5-10 days, the seed should sprout. After germinating seeds, they should be transplanted into a location with strong yet diffuse sunshine. After a plant has developed two or more genuine leaves, it is ready to be transplanted into a container. 

Make newspaper pots or use washed throwaway coffee cups if you don’t have enough little plastic or terracotta pots. Tomato plants must be placed at least 50cm apart in the garden, with roughly 60-100cm left between the rows. Despite their smaller fruit, cherry tomatoes need the same growing area as larger-fruited varieties. Plants should be spaced widely apart to improve airflow and lessen the likelihood of fungal infections in areas with humid summers.

Tomatoes can produce roots anywhere along their stems; thus, it is best to plant them deeply enough so that the soil line is just below the first set of leaves; this will encourage the development of a larger root system and a stronger plant. Alternatively, you can dig a trench, place the plant flat on top, and bury it up to the first set of leaves.

Can I plant potatoes in February NZ?

The planting season for potatoes extends from June to March in warmer climates. Planting potatoes is best left until the danger of frost has gone in milder climates, typically late October through February. Knowing local weather patterns, you can plant early types several weeks before frosts generally stop in colder places since the soil should shelter them before frost-tender leaf grows. To grow properly, potatoes need soil that is both nutrient-rich and able to hold onto moisture. 

Thus, the soil should contain finer soil particles and bigger organic material. Planting them in long rows in garden beds is the norm, but you can also cultivate them in a stack of old tires, untreated wooden boxes, pots, or even plastic garbage bags. The blight disease causes fast plant death and underground tuber infection in potatoes. Airborne fungal spores thrive in warm, humid conditions. Your plants likely have blight if you see brown freckle-like areas on the leaves surrounded by a white or yellow halo.

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Eggplant Farming
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If you compost the leaves, it will spread the spores, and you will have to start again. If the tubers underground are unharmed, they’ll have a few more weeks to grow tougher skins before harvest. If there are no obvious symptoms of deterioration on the tubers, you should be able to eat them without any problems. The region should not have planted potatoes or tomatoes for at least a couple of years after the first outbreak.

When should you plant tomato seeds in NZ?

Choosing a method for growing tomatoes is the first order of business. It’s not always obvious whether it’s the right time to plant seeds, when to pick out a seedling, or when to transplant. Seeds should be started in July if you live in a colder environment. You can start planting your tomato seedlings in mid to late August since the climate remains mild for a longer period. Plant your seeds in a seed-raising mix, water them only until the soil is wet, and space them out to grow to be around 5 cm. 

After the seeds have germinated, relocate them to a sunny location and keep the soil wet but not drenched. When the soil temperature has increased to around 65 degrees Fahrenheit (19 degrees Celsius), and the plants have two or three sets of genuine leaves, you can transplant them to bigger containers or the garden. Seedling tomatoes can be planted for an early start. The weather will be warm enough for them to develop, often around September. If you’re wondering how to plant New Zealand spinach seeds, it’s the same procedure.

How do you grow onions from seeds in NZ?

Find a spot in which you will be able to soak in the sun all day long. It is recommended that onion seeds be planted at a depth of around 6 millimeters (mm); resist the urge to place them any farther down because they will not sprout. Maintain a firmness and keep it moist. After the seedlings have reached a height of 10–12 centimeters, thinning them out to a spacing of 10 centimeters will allow for optimum development.

The spring onions can be replaced with the sliced onions that have been thinned down. To encourage vigorous growth, use the fertilizer of a good grade once every several weeks. After the leaves have faded and fallen to the ground, collect them. To dry an onion, gently remove it from the ground, trim the leaves so they are no more than a few centimeters away from the bulb, and place the onion in warm, indirect sunlight.

After the roots and skins have been dried, they should be stored in wire baskets or mesh bags in a cold, dry area until they are ready to be used. It is possible to harvest onion bulbs before they reach their maximum size. While the bigger bulbs are allowed to continue maturing, the smaller ones can be collected and consumed. Before you plant your onions, read the label to ensure they won’t go to seed and spoil your harvest.

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Carrot Farming
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What vegetables to plant now in Auckland?

Planting beetroot, broccoli, cabbage, carrots, broad beans, cauliflower, celery, spinach, lettuce, parsnip, radishes, rocket, silver beet, and spring onions in the winter is an excellent idea in Auckland now.

New Zealand vegetable planting calendar/schedule/chart/guide

VegetablesSpring planting datesFall planting dates
FromToFromTo
Asparagus (transplants)20-Mar15-Apr20-Jun10-Jul
Beans,
Lima
10-May10-Jun1-Jul5-Aug
Beans,
Snap
5-May30-Jun15-Jun5-Jul
Bush Pole Beans, Lima17-May15-Jun1-Jul5-Aug
Bush Pole Beans,
Snap
12-May30-Jun20-Jun1-Aug
Beets1-Apr15-Jun20-Jul20-Aug
Broccoli7-Apr1-May20-Jul20-Aug
Broccoli (transplants)7-Apr1-May1-Jul1-Aug
Brussell Sprouts1-Apr1-May1-Jul1-Aug
Brussell Sprouts (transplants)1-Apr1-May10-Jul20-Aug
Cabbage21-Mar15-Apr10-Jul20-Aug
Cabbage (transplants)21-Mar15-Apr1-Jul5-Aug
Carrots15-Apr1-Jun1-Jul1-Aug
Cauliflower5-Apr1-May1-Jul1-Aug
Cauliflower (transplants)5-Apr1-May
Celery15-Mar15-Apr1-Jun20-Jul
Celery (transplants)15-Apr1-May15-Jun25-Jul
Swiss Chard 20-Apr10-Jun
Chives25-Mar20-Apr10-Jul10-Aug
Collards1-Apr1-Jun10-Jul10-Aug
Collards (transplants)1-Apr1-Jun1-Sep1-Oct
Cress10-Apr10-May15-Jun10-Jul
Cucumbers15-May1-Jun
Dill1-Apr20-May
Eggplants15-May10-Jun
Eggplants (transplants)15-May10-Jun10-Jul15-Aug
Endive5-Apr5-May
Fennel15-May15-Jun
Garlic Sets20-Mar15-Apr
Horseradish (transplants)5-Apr1-May10-Jul10-Aug
Kale1-Apr1-May
Kohlrabi1-Apr15-Aug20-Jun10-Jul
Leeks1-Apr1-May
Lettuce,
Head
1-Apr1-May1-Aug10-Aug
Lettuce,
Head (transplants)
1-Apr1-May1-Aug10-Aug
Lettuce, Leaf1-Apr1-Jun15-Jul1-Sep
Mustard1-Apr10-May20-Jul20-Aug
Okra10-May1-Jun
Onion (sets)15-Mar20-Apr
Onion (transplants)15-Mar20-Apr
Onion (seed)15-Mar20-Apr
Parsley1-Apr1-May
Parsnips1-Apr1-May
Peas20-Mar1-May25-Jul5-Aug
Peppers15-May15-Jun
Peppers (transplants)15-May15-Jun
Potatoes20-Mar10-May15-Jun10-Jul
Radish25-Mar15-May15-Jul10-Sep
Rhubarb (transplants)20-Mar15-Apr15-Oct15-Nov
Rutabagas1-Jul15-Aug
Salsify1-Apr15-May1-Jun1-Jul
Shallots1-Apr1-May
Soybeans15-May15-Jun15-Jun1-Jul
Spinach15-Mar27-Apr1-Aug1-Sep
Spinach,
New Zealand
1-May15-Jun15-Jun20-Jul
Squash, Summer1-May30-May1-Jun15-Jun
Squash,
Winter
15-May15-Jun
Sweet Corn1-May15-Jun15-Jun5-Jul
Sweet Potatoes (transplants)20-May10-Jun
Tomatoes7-May15-Jun15-Jun15-Jul
Tomatoes (transplants)7-May15-Jun15-Jun15-Jul
Turnips25-Mar5-May5-Jul1-Sep
Watercress20-Mar1-May

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Collard Planting
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New Zealand vegetable seed sowing chart/guide

Vegetables Germination time (in days)Days to maturity (in days)Row spacing (in inches)Space between seeds or transplants(inches) Planting depth (inches)
Asparagus (transplants)50-6036-6012-186-8
Beans, Lima6-1075-9024-303-41-1/2
Beans, Snap6-1050-6024-301-21-1/2
Bush Pole Beans, Lima6-1070-85366-8
Bush Pole Beans, Snap6-1050-65246-8
Beets7-1460-6515-242-31/2
Broccoli6-1055-7524-3612-181/2
Broccoli (transplants)55-7524-3612-18
Brussell Sprouts6-1090-11024-3618-241/2
Brussell Sprouts (transplants)90-11024-3618-24
Cabbage6-1065-7524-3612-181/2
Cabbage (transplants)65-7524-3612-18
Cabbage, Chinese4-87518-308-121/2
Carrots8-1465-7515-302-31/4
Cauliflower6-1050-6024-3618-241/2
Cauliflower (transplants)50-6024-3618-24
Celery14-2180-140186
Celery (transplants)80-14018-364-6
Chard, Swiss7-1055-6518-366-81/2
Chives8015-24clusters1/2
Collards6-1070-8024-3618-241/2
Collards (transplants)70-8024-3618-24
Cress10-5015-302-31/4
Cucumbers7-1050-7548-60181
Dill65-70
Eggplants7-1075-9530-4218-241/4
Eggplants (transplants)75-9530-4218-24
Endive4-880-9018-36121/4
Fennel7-1050-65
Garlic SetsSummer18-2431-1/2
Horseradish (transplants)18-3612-182
Kale7-1055-6518-368-121/2
Kohlrabi7-1045-5518-364-61/2
Leeks10-15100-15412-202-31/2
Lettuce, Head5-860-8018-30121/4
Lettuce, Head (transplants)60-8018-3012
Lettuce, Leaf5-860-7012-184-61/4
Mustard5-1018-243-41/4
Okra7-1450-6036-4812-181
Onion (sets)50-10015-243-41-2
Onion (transplants)10015-243-4
Onion (seed)10-1450-10015-243-41/2
Parsley21-2570-8015-246-81/4
Parsnips15-25100-12518-303-41/2
Peas6-10658-2411-2
Peppers10-1460-7530-4218-241/4
Peppers (transplants)60-7530-4218-24
Potatoes80-10030-36124
Radish5-822-2612-2411/2
Rhubarb (transplants)36-4836-48
Rutabagas5-109018-303-41/4
Salsify6-1012018-303-41/2
Shallots60-12012-302-31-2
Soybeans24-3021-2
Spinach7-1245-5512-242-41/3
Spinach, New Zealand7-1245-5530-4215-181
Squash, Summer7-1245-7048-6018-241-2
Squash, Winter7-1280-11060-8436-481-2
Sweet Corn7-1065-9030-3610-121-2
Sweet Potatoes (transplants)11030-4212-15
Tomatoes7-1065-9030-4218-301/4
Tomatoes (transplants)65-9030-4218-30
Turnips6-1045-8018-302-31/4
Watercress18-244-6

Conclusion 

When your vegetables have grown roughly the size you will find in a grocery store, it’s time to pick them. Several factors can affect garden success, including climate, weeds, insects, and diseases. Mulch can help keep your plants warm and safe over the winter. In the case of leafy greens like spinach, you can choose just the amount you need.

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