Shrimp Contract Farming in India: Companies, Agreement, Process, Profits, Benefits, and Risks

Contract farming has become an important mode of shrimp production in India. Under this system of farming, farmers are contracted by companies to grow shrimp according to the company’s specified standards. The company provides the seed, feed, and technical know-how, while the farmer bears the labor cost and manages the pond.

Shrimp Contract Farming in India
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In this article, we will look at shrimp contract farming in India. We will explore the companies involved in this type of farming and the agreements between them and the farmers. We will also discuss the benefits and risks associated with shrimp contract farming.

History of shrimp contract farming in India

The history of shrimp contract farming in India dates back to the early 1990s when the country’s aquaculture industry was in its infancy. LHowever, large-scale shrimp farming began to take off in the late 1990s, thanks to foreign investments and technical expertise. The industry has since grown rapidly, with India now being one of the world’s leading producers of farmed shrimp.

Shrimp contract farming is an agreement between a company and a farmer in which the company provides the farmer with everything they need to farm shrimp, including juveniles, feed, and technical know-how. In return, the farmer agrees to sell their shrimp crop to the company at a predetermined price. This arrangement enables companies to secure a reliable shrimp supply while minimizing their production costs.

Benefits of shrimp contract farming include:

  1. Increased production efficiency and scale – Contract farmers can produce shrimp more efficiently than small-scale farmers due to access to better quality inputs and technology. This increased efficiency results in lower production costs, which can be passed on to consumers through lower prices.
  2. Improved food safety and quality – Shrimp contract farms are subject to strict quality control standards set by the companies they work with. These standards help ensure that only safe, high-quality shrimp reach consumers.
  3. Reduced environmental impact – Large-scale shrimp farms that follow best practices can have a significantly lower environmental impact than small-scale operations. This is due to the more efficient use of resources.

Current state of shrimp contract farming in India

Shrimp contract farming has been practiced in India for many years. It is a system whereby a company provides shrimp fry, technical know-how, and other inputs to farmers, who agree to grow the shrimp to maturity and sell them to the company at a predetermined price. The current state of shrimp contract farming in India is excellent. Many companies are engaged in this business, providing good quality shrimp to the farmers at reasonable prices.

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The agreement between the company and the farmer is also excellent, and it helps to ensure that both parties benefit from the arrangement. The process of shrimp contract farming is also straightforward. Farmers need to follow the instructions provided by the company, and they can be sure of getting good results. The profits from shrimp contract farming are also excellent, and it is best profitable businesses in India. 

The benefits of shrimp contract farming are many. It helps to improve farmers’ livelihoods and provides them with an additional source of income. It also helps to create employment opportunities in rural areas. Moreover, it helps promote aquaculture in India, a vital industry. There are some risks associated with shrimp contract farming, but these are usually not very serious. The main risk is that the farmer may not be able to sell the shrimp at the agreed price if there is a glut in the market.

Shrimp breeds in India

In India, three main shrimp breeds are farmed – the Pacific White Shrimp, the Giant River Prawn, and the Indian white prawn. Each of these shrimp has different ideal conditions for farming, so it’s important to know which type of shrimp you want to farm before entering into a contract agreement. The Pacific White Shrimp is the most popular shrimp to farm in India. It grows quickly and can tolerate most types of water conditions, making it ideal for farming in India’s often-changing climate.

The Giant River Prawn is another popular choice for shrimp farmers in India. It is a hardy breed that can grow up to a foot long, making it one of the largest shrimp available for consumption. Finally, the Indian white prawn is native to India and thus has adapted well to the country’s climate and water conditions. It is a smaller shrimp breed, but many seafood lovers prize its flavor.

Cost of setting up a shrimp farm in India

  1. Land – The land cost will vary depending on the farm’s location. The land cost will be higher if the farm is located in a coastal area.
  2. Buildings and infrastructure – The cost of constructing buildings and other infrastructure on the farm depends on the size and complexity of the project.
  3. Equipment – The equipment cost will depend on the type and quantity of equipment required for the shrimp farm.
  4. Labour – The labor cost will vary depending on the number of workers required and their skill level.
  5. Financing – The cost of financing will vary depending on the source of funding for the project.

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Shrimp farming business plan

If you are planning to start a shrimp farming business in India, you first need to develop a business plan. This business plan will help you get an overview of the shrimp farming industry and how you can start your own shrimp farm. There are various things that you need to consider while developing your shrimp farming business plan, such as the cost of starting a shrimp farm, the location of your shrimp farm, the type of shrimp you want to cultivate, the production cycle of shrimp, the market for your shrimp products, and the risk involved in shrimp farming.

The cost of starting a shrimp farm depends on various factors, such as the size of your farm, the type of equipment you need, and the labor costs. The location of your shrimp farm is also crucial in determining the cost of setting up your farm. The type of shrimp you want to cultivate will also impact the cost of starting your farm. Two main types of shrimp are commonly cultivated in India – Whiteleg shrimp and black Tiger shrimp.

The production cycle of these two types of shrimp is different and will impact your farm’s overall cost. The market for your products is another important consideration when developing your business plan. You must assess the demand for your products in domestic and international markets. It would be best if you also considered the price you can sell your products to make a profit from your venture.

Shrimp farming training in India

Shrimp contract farming is an agreement between a company and a farmer in which the company provides the necessary inputs for shrimp farming, and the farmer agrees to grow shrimp as per the guidelines provided by the company. The main objective of shrimp contract farming is to produce quality shrimp at a lower cost by reducing the risks associated with traditional shrimp farming.

In India, many companies are engaged in shrimp contract farming. Some of the notable companies are M/s Aqua Farms (I) Pvt Ltd, M/s Oceanic Foods (I) Pvt Ltd, M/s Blue Star Seafoods (I) Pvt Ltd, and M/s Asian Seafood Exports (I) Pvt Ltd. These companies have their hatcheries and provide technical support to farmers for successful shrimp cultivation. The process of shrimp contract farming in India generally involves three parties: the company, the farmer, and the financial institution.

The company provides all the necessary inputs for shrimp cultivation, including seed, feed, fertilizers, and medicines. The farmer agrees to follow all the guidelines provided by the company regarding pond preparation, stocking density, feeding regime, water quality management, and harvesting procedures. The financial institution provides loans to the farmer to purchase company inputs. The repayment of the shrimp farm loan will be made after harvest. 

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Shrimp contract farming agreement in India

In India, shrimp contract farming is a widespread aquaculture practice whereby farmers raise shrimp on behalf of a company. The company provides the farmers with juvenile shrimp, feed, and technical assistance, and in return, the farmers sell the harvested shrimp to the company at a predetermined price. Under a typical contract farming agreement, the farmer is responsible for constructing and maintaining the shrimp pond. At the same time, the company provides juvenile shrimp and pays for their feed and technical assistance.

The farmer is also responsible for ensuring that the pond meets the company’s environmental and quality standards. The main benefits of contract farming for shrimp are the farmers can have a stable source of income and access to high-quality inputs and technical assistance. It also helps them to avoid many of the risks associated with traditional shrimp farming, such as fluctuations in market prices and weather conditions. 

However, contract farming has some risks, such as being locked into an agreement with one buyer or being reliant on one input supplier. There is also a risk that the company may default on its payments or fail to live up to its side of the agreement. Overall, contract farming can be an excellent option for farmers and companies looking to get involved in the shrimp industry. It offers stability and security for farmers while providing companies with a reliable source of high-quality shrimp.

Shrimp farming business license

If you’re considering starting a shrimp farming business in India, the first step is obtaining a license from the Indian Government. The process is pretty simple, and many companies can help you with the paperwork and application process. Once your license, you’ll need to enter into a contract farming agreement with a local shrimp farmer. This agreement will outline the terms of your relationship, including how much money you’ll invest, what percentage of the crop you’re entitled to, and what risks are involved.

The benefits of contract farming are that it allows you to get started in the shrimp farming business with little investment and risk. It also allows you to learn about the business and gain experience before starting your farm. The risks associated with contract farming include losing your investment if the shrimp crop fails and not being able to sell your share of the crop if prices drop.

There’s also a risk that the farmer may fail to follow through on his side of the agreement, leaving you without a product to sell. Despite these risks, contract farming can be a great way to get started in India’s booming shrimp industry. With careful planning and research, you can minimize your risks and maximize your chances for success.

Pros and cons of shrimp contract farming in India

The shrimp farming industry in India has been growing rapidly in recent years, with contract farming being one of the main driving forces behind this growth. Contract farming is an arrangement between a farmer and a company where the farmer agrees to grow a crop or rear a certain animal according to the company’s specifications. The company provides the farmer with everything they need to get started, including seeds, feed, and sometimes even land. In return, the farmer agrees to sell their crop or animal product to the company at a fixed price.

Contracting shrimp farming has many benefits for both farmers and companies. It provides farmers with a guaranteed market for their products and access to quality inputs and training. This can help them to increase their yields and incomes. Contract farming can provide a reliable and cost-effective source of raw materials for companies. It can also help them to build closer relationships with farmers and better control over production quality.

However, there are also some risks associated with contract farming. For farmers, these include the risk of being unable to sell their product if the company cancels the contract or changes its specifications. They may also be required to use specific inputs supplied by the company, which may be of poor quality or more expensive than they could get elsewhere. For companies, there is always the risk that farmers will not meet their contractual obligations due to poor performance or external factors beyond their control. 

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How to start shrimp contract farming in India

Are you a shrimp farmer looking to get into contract farming? Here’s everything you need to know about shrimp contract farming in India, from the companies you can work with to the agreement process and the benefits and risks involved. Shrimp contract farming is a popular option for farmers in India who want to specialize in shrimp production. Contract farming allows farmers to focus on shrimp production without worrying about marketing and selling their products.

It also provides farmers with a steady income and access to quality inputs. Several companies offer contract farming services in India. Before agreeing, it is essential to research the company and ensure they are reputable. It is also important to understand the terms of the agreement and what is expected of both parties. The benefits of shrimp contract farming include a steady income, access to quality inputs, and support from the contracting company. The risks involved include disease outbreaks and fluctuations in market prices.

Alternatives to shrimp contract farming in India

In India, shrimp farming is typically done through contract farming, in which a company contracts with farmers to produce shrimp. However, there are alternatives to contract farming that may be more suitable for some farmers. One alternative is to grow shrimp in ponds that the farmer owns. This allows the farmer to have more control over the shrimp farming process and keep all the profits from selling the shrimp. However, it requires a significant investment in pond construction and maintenance, and farmers may need more expertise or resources to do this successfully.

Another alternative is to participate in a cooperative shrimp farming venture. In this arrangement, a group of farmers pool their resources and work together to farm shrimp. This can provide economies of scale and allow farmers to share costs and risks. However, it can also be challenging to get started and manage effectively. Finally, some farmers may choose to sell their land for shrimp farming. This option can be quick and easy, but it means giving up control over how the shrimp are raised and losing potential profits from future land sales.

Shrimp contract farming companies in India

In India, shrimp contract farming is an agreement between a company and a farmer in which the company provides shrimp fry, feeds, and other inputs, and the farmer agrees to raise the shrimp to maturity. The company then buys the shrimp from the farmer at an agreed-upon price. Many companies in India engage in shrimp contract farming, including Adani Wilmar, Avanti Feeds, Godrej Agrovet, Jubilant Life Sciences, and Kohinoor Foods. Each company has its specific agreement with farmers, but the general process is similar. The benefits of shrimp contract farming for farmers include:

  • Access to quality inputs.
  • Fixed prices for their shrimp.
  • Technical support from the company.

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Shrimp Farming
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The risks include disease outbreaks and fluctuating market prices. Overall, shrimp contract farming can be lucrative for farmers and companies. It is important to do your research before agreeing so that you understand the risks and benefits involved.


India’s shrimp contract farming industry is booming, with many companies vying for a piece of the pie. While risks are involved, the benefits and profits make it an attractive option for many farmers. We hope this article has given you a better understanding of the process and what to expect if you enter a shrimp contract farming agreement.

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