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South Carolina Vegetable Planting Calendar (SC): Month Wise Chart, Zone 7, Zone 8, and Zone 9

South Carolina is a great state for growing veggies in a home garden. With today’s high food prices, many people who had previously grown vegetables at home for the superb fresh taste or as a pastime now find home gardening profitable in many ways. Vegetable gardening at home is becoming more popular throughout the state. Though numerous factors are at play, some of the most common causes of failure in at-home vegetable production include carelessness.

South Carolina Vegetable Planting Calendar (SC)
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A failure to follow instructions and an inability to keep up with the latest innovations in the vegetable industry. Below we learn the South Carolina vegetable planting calendar, the month-by-month schedule of planting vegetables in SC, the planting zones of SC state, and details about seasonal gardening for South Carolina home gardens.

South Carolina vegetable planting calendar (SC)

What is the planting season in South Carolina?

The Piedmont area is located in the state’s northwest, the Central region is in the state’s center, and the Coastal region is along the coast. Planting times for one area of the state will vary somewhat from those for another. Dates of the first frost in Piedmont can differ by as much as six months from those seen on the coast. 

If you want your veggies to get a healthy start, you need to know the best times to plant them in your region. Between March 1st and April 15th is when most people consider spring to have officially begun, often known as the day of the last frost. Anytime between October 15 and November 15, the first frost of autumn signals the end of the growing season.

What can you plant in March in South Carolina?

Thanks to South Carolina’s extended growing season, you can start your vegetable garden earlier and collect more of its bounty. Plant them in cooler temperatures to avoid bitter lettuce and radishes. Pick snap peas, lima beans, bean poles, collard greens, sweet corn, summer squash, eggplant, peppers, tomatoes, and watermelon if you’re planting in South Carolina. 

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Most regions of SC’s near-tropical climate allow for a wide variety of flora, including several fruit trees. An enjoyable and visually appealing approach to liven up your Lowcountry lawn or garden is to plant some fruit trees and shrubs. Because they don’t like soggy feet, fruit trees need soil that drains well. 

You can get fruit trees already adjusted to the environment by shopping at one of the many excellent local nurseries in South Carolina. Blueberries, Chickasaw plums, black cherries, figs, pawpaws, and persimmons are great options for beginners. Flowers like pansies, lisianthus, dianthus, snapdragons, wave petunia, delphinium, diascia, alyssum, bacopa, stock, Bellis, primulas, and violas are recommended for the month of March.

What zone is SC for planting?

The humid subtropical climate is responsible for South Carolina’s warm winters and scorching summers. On the other hand, upstate regions with greater altitudes have a climate that deviates less from the norm than those closer to the Atlantic coast. Extreme heat and humidity throughout the summer and early autumn cause afternoon thunderstorms and tropical cyclones.

Highs in the summer hover about 90 degrees Fahrenheit, with lows in the low to mid-70s inland and on the coast and highs in the mid-60s to mid-70s at night. Tornadoes and hail are common in summer storms. Normal annual rainfall ranges between 40 to 80 inches. Tornadoes are uncommon to form in the spring, reaching the second peak in the fall and winter. Most of the country rarely gets snow, with the coast experiencing warmer winters.

The planting zone must be identified before any garden can be planned. Locating your zone on an interactive map makes choosing plants well-suited to your area simple. The climate of South Carolina ranges from zone 7a to zone 9a, depending on where you are. If you want to know what plants will thrive in your specific planting zone in South Carolina, you can ask the experts at a nearby nursery. They are an excellent starting point since they usually only stock types that do well in a certain region. Doing so can improve the odds of a garden’s success.

Many vegetation, including flowers and vegetables, do well in South Carolina’s climate. Make your garden productive all through the season by planting various veggies. Pick anything you want, such as pumpkins, acorn squash, melons, carrots, broccoli, chard, chard, lettuce, and chard. Many plants and flowers thrive in this environment: bee balm, verbena, false indigo, milkweed, columbine, coneflower, blue iris, black-eyed Susans, and many more.

Can your garden year-round in South Carolina?

Vegetable planting in South Carolina continues till late autumn. Because of its location in USDA Hardiness Zones 7 and 8, the Palmetto State can grow hardy vegetables such as spinach and collards through its mild winters. Like spring crops, those planted in the autumn need six hours of full sunlight daily, loamy soil drains well, and some measure of protection from abrupt frost. 

A well-maintained vegetable garden can continue to produce vegetables even during extended periods of neglect. Vegetable planting in South Carolina continues far into the autumn. As a result of its location in USDA Hardiness Zones 7 and 8, the Palmetto State can grow hardy vegetables such as spinach and collards through the state’s relatively mild winters.

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What month do you plant tomatoes in South Carolina?

Tomatoes thrive in warm, dry conditions so long as they get at least six to eight hours of sunlight every day and have access to adequate drainage. Tomatoes can’t stand being planted in soggy soil, and their roots rot if they stay there too long. You should pick a location with easy access to water, as they will need to be watered frequently throughout the growing season. Watering plants deeply but rarely helps them develop strong root systems in preparation for the warm summer months.

Any space used during the last three years to grow solanaceous crops (such as tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, and potatoes) should be avoided. Many pests spend the winter in the soil close to plants and will torment careless growers in the spring. Only after the final frost date in your region can planting begin. In most of South Carolina, planting time for spring crops occurs in April and May, and for autumn crops, it occurs in July and August.

Check the local area map to see when you should start planting things. You should still check the soil if you’ve found the perfect place. Since tomatoes are heavy feeders that need a steady supply of nutrients throughout the growth process, fertilization is common before and during the planting and harvesting phases. 

Nutrient absorption is impaired without sufficient moisture. Drip irrigation is effective and prevents illness by not soaking the leaves. Weeds are another potential food source for tomato bugs, although they are generally disregarded. After the area has been weeded, lay mulch 3 to 4 inches thick, leaving a hand’s breadth between the mulch and the tomato plant’s stem bases.

How late can you plant tomatoes in South Carolina?

You can grow tomatoes from seed inside or buy transplants from a nursery. Seeds should be started in a light soil mix and given plenty of sunlight. Transplants grown in dim light will be tall and spindly. More lighting will be required unless planted in a bright, south-facing window.

Planting seeds indoors should begin six to eight weeks before the average last frost date. Harden-off plants are produced inside by gradually increasing the hours they spend outside daily and gradually decreasing the frequency with which you water them in the week leading up to transplanting. Start with the plants in a spot with bright, indirect sunlight, such as beneath a tree or a covered porch. As tomato plants mature, purple veins will appear in the leaves.

What is the best fruit to grow in South Carolina?

Apples, peaches, nectarines, persimmons, figs, and plums are some of the best fruits that can be grown easily in South Carolina. South Carolina apples need a chilly enough winter to undergo vernalization and bloom in the spring. There is a common ancestor between peach and nectarine trees; nectarines are just peaches without fuzzy skin. Peach and nectarine trees, like apple trees, need winter freezing to produce blooms in the spring. 

South Carolina is home to both the native American persimmon and the Asian/Japanese persimmon. While Asian persimmons thrive in USDA zone 8, the southernmost counties, native persimmons can be grown wherever. Figs are usually huge, bushy bushes or trees with several stems. It doesn’t matter where you are in South Carolina; they’ll thrive as long as it’s not the mountains in the far northwest. 

South Carolina is home to European plum trees, Japanese plum trees, and many native American plum tree species. It’s worth noting that hybrids of these plum species are also a thing. Plum trees are grown from rootstocks of peach trees; the plants are more resistant to root nematodes and canker disease.

What can I plant now in South Carolina?

Fall gardening in SC

Since October and November in South Carolina are prime harvest months for autumn vegetables, it is essential to have raised beds ready in case of sudden cold spells. You can save the cost of building raised beds by mounding the soil into rows instead. Leave enough space between rows to prevent compaction of the soil. South Carolina’s mild winters make it ideal for growing a wide range of vegetables.

Choose hardy varieties that can withstand freezing temperatures, like those you could plant in early spring. Popular options include a wide variety of squashes and vegetables such as acorn, broccoli, cauliflower, butternut, carrot, spaghetti, and kabocha varieties, as well as spinach, chard, lettuce, tomatoes, and pumpkins.

To calculate when to plant, determine when the first frost typically occurs in your location and deduct the weeks needed for each plant to mature. Depending on when you start planting, you may need to clear some space in the garden for mid-summer crops. Add soil additives like mushroom compost or other fertilizers if you established a spring and summer garden and want to replant in the same spot.  Your plant’s performance will increase as a result of these added nutrients. 

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With the warmer summers in South Carolina, when the seeds require the most moisture to germinate, you will likely need to mulch generously. Plants can’t thrive without enough water. Keep a watchful eye on the seedlings for the first few weeks to ensure the soil doesn’t dry out and no bugs devour the tender new leaves. Liquid vegetable fertilizer should be applied as the plants mature. It has the right balance of nutrients for a bountiful yield.

Keep a tight eye on the weather for any veggies you grow in case of frost. Small fruits may have to be harvested to prevent damage. Vegetables that thrive in warmer climates, like tomatoes, are the most common examples. It should keep producing as long as the plant doesn’t have very cold nights.

Spring gardening in SC

The soil in a spring flower garden has to be worked over thoroughly to a depth of 8-10 inches. It should be dry enough to work if you crush some soil in your hand. You should create a planting hole that is twice as big as it is deep for each plant. After you’ve taken your plant out of its container, give the roots a little wiggle room so they can fill the new soil. You can sow warm-season annuals and perennials now. Zinnias, marigolds, cosmos, verbena, and Caribbean blue Scaevola are just a few of our favorite annuals for a vibrant Lowcountry garden.

Locate your yard’s vegetable garden in a spot with at least six hours of sunshine daily. For example, you can use planters/containers easily transportable to different spots on the lawn or patio. Go for soil already in good condition and supplement it with compost. Plants need enough separation to avoid competition for resources like water, nutrients, and light. By beginning your vegetable garden in March, you can take advantage of the long harvest season and enhance your supply of fresh, locally-grown vegetables.

Plant them in cooler temperatures to avoid bitter lettuce and radishes. When in SC, harvest some sweet corn, summer squash, tomatoes, melons, cucumbers, collard greens, eggplant, peppers, and snap peas. An enjoyable and visually appealing approach to liven up your Lowcountry lawn or garden is to plant some fruit trees and shrubs.

As they don’t like soggy feet, fruit trees need soil that drains well. Select a location that gets plenty of sunlight but isn’t blocked by buildings or bigger trees. For climate-adapted fruit trees, it’s best to shop at one of your region’s many excellent local nurseries. Blueberries, Chickasaw plums, black cherries, figs, pawpaws, and persimmons are great options for beginners.

Winter gardening in SC

If you plant a winter vegetable garden, you may eat fresh vegetables and fruits throughout the winter. Vegetables that are native to South Carolina are your best bet. Pick hearty ingredients like romaine lettuce, mustard greens, peas, spinach, kale, squash, cauliflower, broccoli, brussels sprouts, carrots, garlic, and onion. Select perennials local to South Carolina to assure year-round interest and survival during the dog days of summer. Your garden will have more time to develop and establish if you plant in the autumn. 

If you’re starting your perennials from seeds or established plants, give them plenty of water in the first few weeks. However, let the soil surface dry up in between waterings. Plants like the Winter Honeysuckle, Yellow Flag Iris, Obedient Plant, Ajuga, Canna, Black-eyed Susan, Lilyturf, Shasta Daisy, New England Aster, and Daylily are some of our favorites. Annuals that bloom in the winter are a great way to add a burst of color and newness to your garden.

The plants can complete their whole life cycle within a single growing season. Annuals that prefer cooler temperatures and can tolerate frosts are ideal for planting. We’re big fans of daisies, including pansies, primroses, sweet alyssums, calendulas, centauries, coreopsis, delphiniums, larkspurs, linaria, nemesis, poppies, snapdragons, sweet peas, and johnny jump-ups. To keep your garden safe from wind and rain, build a raised bed or choose a hidden spot to plant it.

You should use the same soil as you used for your summer garden, but you should also add some mushroom compost to increase the number of nutrients absorbed by your garden. Close to home landscaping? Position your garden adjacent to a south-facing wall to use the sun’s solar radiation and increase the temperature of your outdoor area by up to 10 degrees Fahrenheit. SC winters are mild, with just a few instances of severe frost. Plants and flowers should be covered with a blanket when one is expected.

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Kale garden
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Summer gardening in SC

Seeds should be bought in February, with thoughts of a summer garden already in mind. No one is born with a natural talent for gardening, but with forethought and preparation, any gardener can be successful. The optimum time to plant outdoors in the United States is February when the temperatures are still quite mild. Plants that thrive in warmer climates need to be started in February to be ready to produce by early summer. However, these seedlings must be grown inside until the weather warms up.

Lettuce seeds, plant snow peas and spinach seedlings in the ground during the first weekend of February. Temperatures average in the low 60s in the middle of February and the low 70s in the Midlands a month later. The chilly temperatures in early February are perfect for the rapid development of cool-season winter greens planted at that time.

Vegetable planting calendar for South Carolina

Vegetables Zone 7Zone 8Zone 9
Beans Apr to mid-OctMid Mar to mid-OctMid Feb to May
Sep to Nov
BeetsMar to May
Aug to Oct
Mid Feb to mid-May
mid-Aug to mid-Nov
Feb to Apr
mid Sep to Nov
BroccoliMid Feb to May
Aug to mid Nov
Feb to mid-May
Aug to Nov
Mid Jan to Apr
mid aug to mid dec
Brussel SproutsMid Apr to mid-SepApr to AugMar to Jun
CabbageMar to mid-June
mid-July to Oct
Mid Feb to May
Aug to mid-Nov
Feb to mid-May
Sep to mid-Dec
CarrotsMar to mid-June
Aug to Oct
Mid Feb to May
mid-Aug to mid-Nov
Mid Feb to may
mid Sep to mid dec
CauliflowersMid Feb to May
Aug to mid-Nov
Feb to mid-May
mid-Aug to Nov
Feb to mid-May
Sep to mid-Dec
CornMay to AugMid Apr to AugMid Feb to May
mid-Aug to Nov
CucumberMay to AugMid Apr to AugMid Feb to May
mid-Aug to Nov
KaleMar to May
Aug to mid-Nov
Mid Feb to mid-May
mid-Aug to mid-Nov
Oct to Dec
LettuceMar to May
Aug to Oct
Mid Feb to May
mid-Aug to mid-Nov
Mid Jan to Apr
mid-Sep to mid-Dec
OnionsMar to AugMid Feb to AugMid-Jan to May
PeasMid Feb to mid-May
mid-Aug to mid-Nov
Mid Feb to mid-May
Sep to mid-Nov
Jan to march
Oct to mid-Dec
PeppersMar to SepMid Feb to mid-SepJan to May
mid-July to Nov
SpinachMar to June
Aug to mid-Nov
Mid Feb to May
Sep to Nov
Mid Jan to Apr
mid-Sep to mid-Dec
SquashMay to mid-OctMid Apr to mid-OctMar to Jun
TomatoMar to SepMid Feb to mid-SepJan to May
mid-July to Nov

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To start with your vegetable garden plan, write down all the kinds of veggies you can’t wait to prepare. Make a plan that specifies the kind of vegetables you want to produce, when you want to plant them, and how much space they will need. Time and effort can be saved via careful planning. If you live in the following towns, cities, and counties of South Carolina (SC) of Zone 7, Zone 8, and Zone 9 in the United States, this article may be helpful to understand the vegetable planting calendar, month-wise chart along with planting seasons.

IrmoNorthern South Carolina
Myrtle BeachConway
North AugustaSouthern South Carolina
Hilton Head IslandGreer
West ColumbiaSummerville
North CharlestonBennettsville
Moncks CorneSumter
FlorenceNorth Myrtle Beach
SenecaTravelers Rest
Rock HillHartsville
Fort MillMurrells Inlet
Folly BeachCentral South Carolina
CamdenMount Pleasant
Eastern Southern Carolina


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