Agriculture Farming




Livestock Farming

Poultry Farming

Florida Vegetable Planting Calendar (FL): Month Wise Chart, Zone 8, Zone 9, Zone 10, Zone 11, and Seasons

Fruits and vegetables play an important role in the human diet. Millions of Americans produce vegetables at home each year. With only a small bit of room, some low-cost tools, and a desire to aid nature, you can get a wealth of benefits from gardening. Even a small plot can provide a rich harvest with preparation and upkeep.

Florida Vegetable Planting Calendar (FL)
Image Source

Many people who grow their vegetables believe they taste best when gathered fresh, prepared quickly, and consumed immediately. Below we learn the vegetable calendar for Florida, different vegetables to grow for different planting seasons, the hardiness zones of Florida, and the seasonal planting schedule for Florida home gardens.

Florida vegetable planting calendar (FL)

What is the best month to plant vegetables in Florida?

Vegetable gardens in Florida are best planted and begun between September and March. The precise date will vary from location to location within the state and from one kind of plant to another. There are two primary growth seasons in Florida: the fall and the spring. Planting cold-weather crops like cabbage, kale, broccoli, and spinach in Florida is best accomplished in the cooler months of the year. Cantaloupe, peppers, corn, and okra all thrive in the springtime. Some veggies can be grown even when the temperatures exceed these ideal ranges.

When should you plant tomatoes in Florida?

So that they can produce as many tomatoes as possible before the summer heat comes in, growers in north Florida begin sowing their seeds in the month of February, following the last frost. Tomatoes can be planted in the central Florida in early February for early summer harvesting and in September for harvesting in autumn and winter.

It’s important to remember that frost is always possible in the early spring, so you should either start your plants in pots and move them inside if frosty weather is forecast or cover them with transparent plastic. The months of August through March are prime tomato growing times in South Florida.

What gardening zone is Florida in?

Florida, the southernmost state, is famous for its consistently pleasant climate throughout the year. Planting zones in Florida are among the highest in the country since much of the state has a humid subtropical climate, characterized by unusually long, warm, often humid summers and moderate, chilly winters. The climate in southern Florida is tropical. Summertime is prime time for thunderstorms, and certain times of the year increase the frequency of tornadoes and hurricanes.

Generally, the coastal areas are warmer and colder in the summer. Temperatures in the state often drop into the 60s at night. Locating Florida’s planting zones is the first step in deciding what to grow. A vast range of plants, flowers, herbs, vegetables, and fruits can be grown in this area since the growing zones range from 8a to 11a. See an online interactive planting zone map for further details on where to plant certain trees and shrubs in Florida.

When you have a firm grasp on the zone, it’s much simpler to decide with confidence which plants will thrive in their Florida setting. It’s ideal for growing various fruits, nuts, berries, herbs, and flowers. To name a few, plants that do well there include eggplant, sweet potato, peppers, tiny cherry tomatoes, and okra. Kale thrives in the cooler months of autumn and winter, whereas Brussels sprouts thrive in the warmer months of spring and summer. Pretty flowers like pentas, coreopsis and blue salvia may be grown in Florida with little trouble.

When should I start a garden in Florida?

Spring gardening in Florida 

Transplants for a spring garden can be started in January and February in southern and central Florida. For the best results, gardeners in northern Florida should hold off beginning their transplants until March or February. Beans, cucumbers, eggplant, corn, Seminole squash, tomatoes, and watermelons are ideal April plantings in a Florida garden. These are general advice; protect young, vulnerable plants from harsh cold or heat. They are below 33 degrees Fahrenheit.

There’s nothing like fresh, homegrown veggies, and spring is the best time to prepare your vegetable beds. Sweet corn, cucumbers, tomatoes, watermelons, and beans are harvested in the spring. Select Florida-adapted plant cultivars for the greatest outcomes. Direct sowing, using transplants, or starting your transplants six to eight weeks before planting season are all viable options.

In March, most frost-sensitive plants can be planted for a spring garden in North and Central Florida. Cover your fragile veggies to prevent damage from late frosts if you intend on planting them sooner. Veggies that can withstand frost can be planted sooner. It’s true that in South Florida, you can sow “spring” veggies in the autumn and winter, up to February or March. Start planting as soon as possible to ensure your veggies develop before the summer heat sets in.

Fall gardening in Florida 

In southern Florida, you can keep planting right through the winter, but up here in the north, you should be getting your garden ready for the cooler months. The time and the kinds of pests you’ll face in the fall make it more challenging than the spring. Huge grasshoppers, ravenous beetles, and other creatures lurk around, searching for fresh vegetation to munch on. But it shouldn’t stop you.

If you plant your garden in Florida in the autumn, you can have food for the whole winter. Your spring garden needs weeding, soil turning, and fresh seeds. Start sowing your next round of bush beans, eggplant, tomatoes, and spicy peppers while the weather is still warm. Due to our lack of time, we will have to postpone planting Seminole pumpkins and sweet potatoes until next spring.

In case you missed it: Arizona Vegetable Planting Calendar (AZ): Month Wise Chart, Zone 5, Zone 6, Zone 7, Zone 8, and Zone 9

Carrot garden
Image Source

Collard greens, peas, fava beans, broccoli, carrots, lettuce, beets, turnips, and other cold-hardy plants can be planted around October. Waiting too late can make it difficult for the seeds to germinate in the winter and flourish before it becomes too frigid; planting too early might result in the plants bolting due to the heat. The optimal window seems to be late October to early November.

If you want to produce food, you don’t have to wait until spring to start a garden. You’re gambling with your ability to eat. Until springtime, you have no clue what can occur. Don’t put it off. It’s preferable to take risks, make mistakes, and gain experience than to continue placing all of your trust in outdated, aging infrastructure.

Winter gardening in Florida 

Winter vegetable planting seems challenging in much of the United States. Not in the Sun State. Vegetables thrive in Florida’s mild winters. You can produce various leafy greens and roots in Florida throughout the winter, including Brussels sprouts, cabbage, arugula, beets, broccoli, carrots, kohlrabi, lettuce, cauliflower, kale, mustard, radishes, spinach, Swiss chard, and turnips. Even though most of the state is tropical, northern Florida does experience a real winter with temperatures in the teens.

Central Florida sometimes has frosts and even freezing temperatures, but south Florida rarely experiences such weather. Planting timing for these vegetables will vary significantly throughout the state to take advantage of local circumstances. Florida has the coldest weather throughout December, January, and February. This list includes several veggies that can survive the cold winters in north Florida. Some of these veggies (kale, cauliflower, carrots, chard) can withstand cold weather.

That’s something to keep in mind whether you live in North Florida or even in certain regions of Central Florida. Beets thrive in the warm, humid climate of Florida’s winter. The most challenging aspect of producing beets is getting them started from seed. The seedlings have a higher chance of surviving and flourishing in our mild winters. Beets are adaptable and can be grown in either hot or cold climates. They can endure cold well and can be used in many different ways. 

Beets should be planted in September in northern and central Florida and October in southern Florida. As a result of its hardiness, broccoli can be grown year-round in north Florida. Seed-starting cucumbers is a breeze compared to other crops. The month of September is optimal for planting in northern and central Florida. October is the best time to sow seeds in South Florida. Broccoli can be planted and harvested until March. This slow-maturing, cool-season crop presents challenges in certain South and Central Florida sections. 

The maturation process for Brussels can take up to 140 days, and they don’t thrive well in hot climates. As it can survive in cold temperatures and isn’t particular about soil or sunlight, it’s one of the most simple vegetables to grow in Florida throughout the winter. At the first indication of warm weather, cabbage will begin to bolt. Growing carrots can be a bit challenging. They’re very small seeds that take up to three weeks to germinate and grow if the soil isn’t kept damp. 

Regarding temperature, cauliflower can handle light frosts but not heavy ones. North Floridians and residents of central Florida’s more northern counties should take note. One of the simplest crops to grow throughout winter and summer in Florida. Indeed, collard greens are one of the world’s most fantastic vegetables. They are hardy enough to weather our scorching summers and freezing winters. Light frosts improve the flavor of kale while it is still in the growing stage.

The chilly weather enhances the leaf’s flavor. A North Florida winter night will not kill a kale plant. Adding radish can instantly transform a bland salad into something more interesting. The fact that it grows quickly and easily makes up for the fact that it is one of the less well-known vegetables here. Swiss chard is frost-hardy and can be harvested after slightly under two months of growth. Chard is a colorful addition to a garden because of its vivid, lush green color.

In case you missed it: Top 47 Home Garden Ideas for Small Spaces: Check How this Helps Beginners

Onion farming
Image Source
Summer gardening in Florida 

Summer is often a slow period for many Florida producers. Due to the extreme heat, traditional crops may not grow well in this region throughout the summer. Despite this, some veggies can thrive in the humid conditions of Florida. Your garden’s success depends on your crops having a head start so they can withstand the heat and humidity and fight off disease and pest pressure. If you don’t mind the heat, by all means, put in some plants. Tolerant to the high temperatures in Florida, the following list of vegetables is worth growing.

Florida’s summers are ideal for cultivating sweet, spicy bell peppers. You can grow hot peppers in a container and use them for years. The Roselle plant, a kind of Hibiscus native to West Africa, is a stunning addition to any garden. Its calyxes can be used to make a deliciously tart tea. Though it’s not strictly a vegetable, it’s grown similarly. Protein-rich and low in fat, beans are a prolific crop with many health benefits. When planted in the summer, this legume will provide a welcome boost to the yield of your garden.

Beans are beautiful, healthy, drought-resistant, twining plants despite their modest stature. Despite the heat of summer, eggplants are perennials that do well in most gardens. Cowpeas can withstand the high temperatures and prolonged drought common in Florida. Besides being a productive and hardy crop, it has a high protein content. Cowpeas, too, can fix atmospheric nitrogen, enriching the soil with its nutrients. You can give them free rein in your garden so they can amend the soil in preparation for the autumn planting season. 

Another summertime pod crop that is simple to grow is okra. In many cultures, okra is a staple vegetable because of its versatility in the kitchen. You can cook them whole, chop them up into bite-sized pieces, and sauté them in your favorite oil. Like okra, growing cassava requires little care and is simple. You can make a tasty meal by boiling, mashing, frying, or stewing. As with any plant, the more care you give your cassava plant, the more fruit it will yield.

In case you missed it: How to Start Cucumber Farming/Growing in Philippines: Check How this Guide Helps Beginners

Spinach farming
Image Source

They may still look great and provide delicious results even when neglected and starved of fertilizer and water. Many of these veggies can even be grown in the hot conditions of Florida. Florida is a huge state, so it’s important to remember that the ideal times to plant some crops may vary depending on your precise latitude and longitude. 

Can you grow tomatoes all year round in Florida?

Temperatures between 80 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and 62 and 72 degrees Fahrenheit at night are ideal for producing tomatoes. Pollination rates drop when daytime temperatures exceed 90 degrees Fahrenheit and yields decrease. Tomatoes can be grown in Florida all year round, but you may not get a decent crop if you do it during the hot summer months.

In addition to the heat, summer increases the prevalence of bugs, rain, and diseases. High temperatures won’t kill the plants, but the pests and diseases that thrive in warm, humid environments can significantly reduce yields. However, some species can withstand the heat of a Florida summer. Even in the heat of July, smaller-fruited tomato varieties like cherry and grape tomatoes usually continue to produce fruit.

How do you prepare the soil for a vegetable garden in Florida?

Before planting, amend the soil with organic materials. Before planting, the soil should be reworked to create a level, solid surface. Adding organic matter like animal manure, decomposing leaves, commercial soil mixes, compost, and cover crops may improve the quality of most Florida soils. Organic matter that has not been composted should be worked into the soil at least a month before sowing, whereas composted organic matter can be added while planting.

To enrich the soil, apply 25–100 pounds of compost or manure compost per 100 square feet. Green manure is a kind of compost made from newly grown plants. Green manure crops are best planted and tilled in during the off-season. Cowpea, velvet bean, soybean, and sunflower are all excellent summer cover crops; crimson clover, cereal rye, and Austrian winter pea are all excellent choices for the cooler months. The plant nutrients accessible in soil are dependent on the soil’s pH.

Sand-based vegetable gardens need a pH between 5.8 and 6.3. You won’t have to mess with your soil’s pH if it’s already between 5.5 and 7.0. Where limestone, marl, or shells are present in the soil, the pH is often over 7.0 (alkaline), and there are no practical means to decrease soil pH permanently. It’s best to use a fertilizer that includes micronutrients. Granular sulfur (1 lb/100 sq ft) may be used to reduce soil pH if the high pH is the consequence of over-liming in the past.

Use yard trimmings to make your compost. Composting may easily make manure-like organic fertilizer and soil conditioner, which is great for Florida’s naturally sandy soils. In Florida, gardens often need fertilizer unless large volumes of organic resources are used. Common fertilizer grades, such as 6-6-6 and 10-10-10, are suitable for gardeners. 

However, certain Florida soils already have an acceptable quantity of phosphorus, so adding more is not a good idea. Phosphorus is a contaminant in surface water. Whether you want to know if your soil needs phosphorus, get it tested. Before planting your garden, ensure you’ve spread fertilizer evenly throughout the whole area. Moreover, alongside planting rows, fertilizer may need to be applied throughout the growing season.

In case you missed it: How to Start Tomato Farming in Philippines: A Useful Growing Guide for Tomato Farmers

Sugar beat farming
Image Source

Soil moisture is essential for vegetable growth and yield, but vegetables cannot survive in permanently wet conditions such as those caused by heavy rainfall or watering. A plant’s watering demands change as it matures and the soil conditions change.

Watering often and lightly is best for young plants, while gradually increasing watering frequency is optimal for mature crops. A greater irrigation frequency is required for sandy soils than clay, muck, or modified soils. Mulch, organic matter, and water-saving practices like drip watering can significantly reduce water use.

Florida vegetable planting calendar

Vegetables Zone 8Zone 9Zone 10Zone 11
Beans Mid Mar to mid-OctMid Feb to May
Sep to Nov
Apr to May
Jul to Aug
Mar to Apr
BeetsMid Feb to mid-May
mid-Aug to mid-Nov
Feb to Apr
mid Sep to Nov
Feb to Apr
July to Aug
Feb to Mar
BroccoliFeb to mid-May
Aug to Nov
Mid Jan to Apr
mid aug to mid dec
Feb to Mar
June to July
Feb and Sept
Brussel SproutsApr to AugMar to JunLate May to early JuneFeb and Sep
CabbageMid Feb to May
Aug to mid-Nov
Feb to mid-May, Feb to Mar
June to July
Feb and Sep
CarrotsMid Feb to May
mid-Aug to mid-Nov
Mid Feb to may
mid Sep to mid dec
Jan to Mar
June to Aug
Feb to Mar, Sep
CauliflowersFeb to mid-May
mid-Aug to Nov
Feb to mid-May
Sep to mid-Dec
Feb to Mar
June to July
Feb and Sep
CornMid Apr to AugMid Feb to May
mid-Aug to Nov
Apr to JulyMar to Apr
July to Aug
CucumberMid Apr to AugMid Feb to May
mid-Aug to Nov
Apr to JuneMar to Aug
KaleMid Feb to mid-May
mid-Aug to mid-Nov
Oct to DecMid-Jan to mid-Feb
Sept to Nov
Mid-Jan to mid-Feb
Sep to Nov
LettuceMid Feb to May
mid-Aug to mid-Nov
Mid Jan to Apr
mid-Sep to mid-Dec
Dec to Mar
July to Aug
Feb and Sep
OnionsMid-Feb to AugMid- Jan to MayJan to march
Sep to Oct
PeasMid Feb to mid-May
Sep to mid-Nov
Jan to march
Oct to mid-Dec
Jan to AprSep to Oct
Feb to Mar
PeppersMid Feb to mid-SepJan to May
mid-July to Nov
Apr to MayMar to Apr
SpinachMid Feb to May, Sep to NovMid Jan to Apr
mid-Sep to mid-Dec
Late Jan to Feb
Oct to Nov
Jan to mid-Mar
Oct to Nov
SquashMid Apr to mid-OctMar to JunApr to JulyMar to June
TomatoMid Feb to mid-SepJan to May
mid-July to Nov
Apr to MayMar to Apr

In case you missed it: How to Start Home Gardening in Asia: For Indoors, Outdoors, Raised Beds, Backyards, Terrace, Pots, and In Containers for Beginners

Tomato farming
Image Source


Whether you desire a small or large harvest, the sooner you start planning your garden, the better. Throughout the summer, you can use the herbs and vegetables from your well-maintained garden to nourish your family. Have fun in the garden. If you live in the following towns, cities, counties of Florida (FL) of Zone 8, Zone 9, Zone 10, and Zone 11 in the United States, this article may be helpful to understand the vegetable planting calendar, month-wise chart along with planting seasons.

TampaThe Villages
TallahasseePalm Beach
JacksonvilleSiesta Key
DestinPort St. Lucie
Florida CityVero Beach
Fort LauderdalePort Charlotte
NaplesWinter Haven
PensacolaBoynton Beach
SarasotaFort Walton Beach
St. AugustinePunta Gorda
St. PetersburgMerritt Island
GainesvilleBonita Springs
Fort MyersDelray Beach
ClearwaterRosemary Beach
West PalmPalm Coast
DaytonaPompano Beach
Panama CityPalm Bay
KissimmeeFernandina Beach
Boca RatonCentral Florida
OcalaSouth Florida
Marco IslandEast Florida
DeerfieldWest Florida
LakelandNorth Florida
Cape CoralHialeah


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here