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How to Start Dairy Farming in Cambodia: Key Rules, Business Plan, Breeds, Cost, Profit, License, and Management

Cambodia is a country located in Southeast Asia. The climate in Cambodia is tropical, and the terrain is mostly flat. Cambodia has a population of over 16 million people. The economy of Cambodia is largely agrarian. In recent years, the Cambodian government has been encouraging the development of the country’s dairy industry. Dairy farming presents an opportunity for small-scale farmers to increase their income and improve their standard of living. Cambodia has a relatively small dairy herd, with only about 80,000 cows.

How to Start Dairy Farming in Cambodia
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However, this number is growing as more farmers recognize the potential of dairy farming. Most of the country’s dairy cows are located in the central plain around Phnom Penh, the capital city. Dairy farms in Cambodia are typically family-run operations with small herds of cows.

Cattle are kept primarily for milk production, although some farms keep bulls for beef production. Dairy cows are usually kept in tie stalls or free stalls and are fed a diet of grasses, grains, and hay. In this blog post, we learn how to start dairy farming in Cambodia and other requirements to start a dairy farm business in Cambodia.

How to start dairy farming in Cambodia

Requirements to Start Commercial Dairy Farming in Cambodia

A few key requirements must be met to start commercial dairy farming in Cambodia. Firstly, farmers need to have access to quality dairy cows. Secondly, they need to have access to good-quality feed and water. Thirdly, they need to have a well-ventilated and clean barn. Finally, they need to have the necessary milk processing equipment. With regards to quality dairy cows, it is important to source animals that are disease-free and have high milk production potential.

Good quality feed and water are essential for the cows’ health and milk quality. A well-ventilated and clean barn is important for the cows’ comfort and for preventing disease spread. Finally, milk processing equipment is necessary to turn raw milk into saleable products such as milk powder, cheese, and butter.

Dairy Breeds in Cambodia

Cambodia is home to various dairy breeds, each with its unique characteristics. The most common dairy breed in Cambodia is the Cambodian Brown Cow. This breed is known for its docile temperament and high milk yield. Cambodian Brown Cows are used extensively in the dairy industry and are also popular as working animals on small farms.

Other popular dairy breeds in Cambodia include the Khmer Red Cow and the Thai Freshwater Buffalo. Khmer Red Cows are known for their high milk yield, while Thai Freshwater Buffaloes are prized for their strong work ethic and ability to thrive in hot climates. In addition, Hariana, Holstein, and Brahman are well-known dairy breeds in Cambodia. With its diverse dairy breeds, Cambodia provides an ideal environment for producing high-quality milk and dairy products.

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Dairy Feeding Setup
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Dairy Farming Business Plan in Cambodia

  • The Cambodian dairy farming business plan is a comprehensive guide to setting up and operating a successful dairy farm in Cambodia.
  • It covers all the essential information required to establish and run a commercial dairy operation, including details on animal husbandry, feed management, milk production, processing, and marketing.
  • The plan also includes a financial analysis of the investment required to start and operate a small-scale dairy farm in Cambodia and an overview of the potential risks and challenges involved.
  • Cambodia’s growing population and economy present a unique opportunity for those interested in starting a commercial dairy farm.
  • With the right planning and execution, a dairy farming business in Cambodia can be a profitable and rewarding venture.

Dairy Farming Setup Cost in Cambodia

The average cost of setting up a dairy farm in Cambodia is around $1,500. This includes the cost of cow sheds, equipment, and other infrastructure. The biggest expense is usually the purchase of dairy cows, which can cost up to $1,000 each. Cambodian dairy farmers typically keep between 10 and 20 cows. To make a profit, dairy farmers need to sell their milk for more than it costs to produce. The average price of milk in Cambodia is $0.50 per liter. Therefore, a farmer must sell at least 3 liters of milk daily to break even.

This means that a small farm with 10 cows could generate around $450 in daily revenue. The profitability of dairy farming depends on many factors, such as the price of milk, the cost of feed and veterinary care, and the amount of milk produced by each cow. In recent years, the Cambodian government has been working to improve the country’s dairy industry by providing training and assistance to farmers. As a result, the number of dairy farms in Cambodia has increased significantly, and the quality of milk produced has also improved.

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Profit in Dairy Farming Business in Cambodia

Dairy farming is a profitable business in Cambodia. The main reason for this is the country’s high demand for dairy products. The other reasons include the favorable climate and the availability of good quality feed and water. The dairy industry in Cambodia is still in its early stages of development and has great potential for further growth. Currently, there are only a few large commercial dairy farms in operation.

However, many small-scale dairy farmers produce milk for consumption or sale to the local market. The majority of the milk produced in Cambodia is consumed fresh. However, there is also a growing demand for processed milk products such as cheese and yogurt. These products are usually imported from Thailand or Vietnam. With the right management and marketing, a dairy farm can be a very profitable business in Cambodia.

License Required for Starting a Dairy Farming Business in Cambodia

To start a dairy farming business in Cambodia, a license is required from the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries. The application process for a license is as follows:

  1. Fill out the application form available on the Ministry’s website.
  2. Include all required supporting documents with the application form. These include: A business plan, A feasibility study, Proof of financial capability
  3. Submit the application form and supporting documents to the Ministry for review.
  4. Once the application is approved, the Ministry will issue a license to the applicant.

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Dairy Housing
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Challenges of Dairy Farming in Cambodia

The challenges of dairy farming in Cambodia are many and varied. However, the industry’s lack of infrastructure and support services is the most significant challenge. This includes a lack of access to quality feed and water, insufficient veterinary services, and limited market access. Other challenges include the high cost of inputs, climate change, and competition from other sectors, such as livestock and crops. However, the lack of infrastructure is the most binding constraint on the growth of the dairy industry in Cambodia.

Poor roads, power shortages, and a lack of storage and processing facilities limit farmers’ ability to get their products to market. This increases costs and reduces profits, making it difficult for farmers to invest in their operations and expand their businesses. Furthermore, the lack of infrastructure makes it difficult for farmers to access essential inputs such as quality feed and water. In addition, limited market access means farmers are often forced to sell their milk below-market prices. Climate change is another significant challenge for Cambodian dairy farmers.

Rising temperatures and changes in rainfall are already impacting crop production, which has a knock-on effect on dairy farms. For example, hot weather can lead to lower milk production due to heat stress in cows. Changes in rainfall patterns can also disrupt grazing patterns, leading to lower grass availability and poorer milk quality. In addition, extreme weather events such as floods and droughts can damage crops, pastures, and infrastructure, further disrupting milk production.

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Dairy Farming
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Dairy Farm Management and Care in Cambodia

The Cambodian dairy sector is still in its early stages of development, with most small-scale and family-run farms. However, with the growing demand for fresh milk and dairy products in the country, there is potential for the sector to grow and develop further. Nevertheless, there are some points to consider when managing and caring for a dairy farm in Cambodia. Firstly, water availability is important, as dairying is a water-intensive activity.

There are several ways to address this issue, such as constructing dams or digging boreholes to provide a reliable source of water for the farm. Another key issue to consider is feeding availability and quality. Most Cambodian dairy farms are small-scale, so they often do not have the land available to grow their feed crops.

Therefore, it is important to source good quality feed from external suppliers. Finally, animal health is an important aspect of dairy farm management. A number of diseases can affect dairy cows, such as mastitis and tuberculosis. It is, therefore, important to have regular veterinary check-ups and vaccinations for the herd.

Key Rules to Start Commercial Dairy Farming in Cambodia

1. Do your research: The first step to starting any commercial farming operation is doing your research. This is especially important in dairy farming, as there are a number of specific considerations you’ll need to consider. Make sure to research the Cambodian market for dairy products, the costs of setting up and running a farm, and the best practices for dairy production.

2. Find a good location: A key factor in any commercial farming venture is finding the right location. When it comes to dairy farming, you’ll want to find a location with good access to water and pastureland. You’ll also want to consider the climate in Cambodia, as this can impact both the quality of your milk and the health of your cows.

3. Invest in quality cattle: One of the most important investments you’ll make when starting a dairy farm is your cattle. Make sure to purchase cows that are well-suited for Cambodian conditions and have high production potential. Again, working with a reputable breeder will help you find the best animals for your farm.

4. Implement good management practices: These are essential for any successful commercial dairy operation. In Cambodia, this includes providing proper nutrition for your cows, maintaining clean and sanitary conditions on your farm, and ensuring that your animals are healthy and well-cared for.

5. Market your products effectively: For your dairy farm to succeed.

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Cow breeds
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10 Tips for Profitable and Successful Dairy Farm Business in Cambodia

  1. Start with a small herd of cows and gradually increase the size of your herd as your business grows.
  2. Buy quality dairy cows that are well-suited for the climate and conditions in Cambodia.
  3. Establish a good relationship with a local veterinarian who can provide regular check-ups and health care for your cows.
  4. Create a comprehensive business plan that includes your financial goals and strategies for marketing and selling your milk and dairy products.
  5. Develop a strong work ethic and be willing to put in long hours to get your business up and running smoothly.
  6. Keep your cows healthy and happy by providing them with clean water, fresh grass, and plenty of space to roam.
  7. Invest in high-quality milking equipment and make sure it is regularly cleaned to prevent the spread of bacteria.
  8. Process and bottle your milk as quickly as possible after milking to maintain its freshness and quality.
  9. Market your dairy products aggressively to local retailers and consumers, using creative strategies to stand out from the competition.
  10. Always strive to improve the quality of your milk and dairy products to grow your business successfully.


Though most of the dairy farms are on a small scale, you can expect the demand for commercial dairy farms in Cambodia in the coming days. You can be a successful dairy farmer in Cambodia with proper planning and care. We wish you good luck in your dairy venture.


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