South Africa Vegetable Planting Calendar: Month Wise, Schedule, Chart, and Guide

Being a gardener means knowing when and what to plant is vital. However, things aren’t usually as cut and dried as that. Knowing when to start planting so your garden can thrive through all four seasons can be challenging. The country’s abundant biodiversity makes it an excellent location for growing food and flowers. South Africa’s favorable climate makes it ideal for the rapid development of many vegetables. 

South Africa vegetable planting calendar
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A vegetable planting schedule can help you have a more successful garden whether you reside on the arid southern plains or the humid northern cities. Below we learn the South Africa vegetable gardening calendar, month-by-month vegetable planting guide, seasonal vegetable planting guide/schedule for planting vegetables in South Africa, and vegetable planting chart for different regions of South Africa.

South Africa vegetable planting calendar

What vegetables can I plant in March in South Africa?

Plant root vegetables for winter stock, such as beets, spinach, Swiss chard, cabbage, leeks, onions, carrots, cauliflower, parsnips, celery, endives, and turnips. Basil, chives, dill, chicory, parsley, rocket, and sorrel are some leafy herbs you can grow. Plant flower seeds, such as asters, calendula, larkspurs, nemesias, pansies, linaria, lupins, nasturtiums, cornflowers, dianthus, foxgloves, poppies, stocks, snapdragons, violas.

What vegetables can I plant in January in South Africa?

For Gauteng, Free State, North West, Mpumalanga, and Limpopo

Maintain a neat appearance by trimming and shaping your evergreen hedges and topiaries. It’s best to keep them clean and cut down just a little. Plant tomato, celery, parsley, chili, basil, lettuce, brinjal seedlings, beetroot, sow beans, carrots, radishes, spinach, leeks, sweet corn, and Cape gooseberries. Mango trees, avocado trees, lemon trees, and granadilla vines all benefit from being fed. 

Slow-releasing fertilizers should be used at this time of year, and specific nutrients should be applied to the soil for the plant’s roots, leaves, and future fruit production. Get rid of rotting fruit to prevent bugs from making a home. Plant some alyssum, dwarf marigolds, portulaca, and zinnias. By planting seedlings, introduce annual flowers such as Celosia, sages, petunias, impatiens, vincas, begonias, and marigolds. Do you have problems with aphids and scale? You should spray to kill these pests. 

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Chilli Garden
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For Western Cape, Northern Cape, Eastern Cape, and KwaZulu-Natal

Increasing sunlight penetration requires the removal of low-hanging tree branches. Reduce overgrown bushes, but let those bloom or bear fruit in the colder months alone. Remove or thin out Deciduous climbers such as wisterias, Boston ivy, and ornamental vines. To promote uniform leaf development, turn hanging baskets and houseplants periodically, so their leaves face the sun. Vigorously yank the spent flowering stems of Inca lilies out of the ground. 

Snip long lavender stems, cluster them, and dry them upside down. Keep them in the linen closet. Liliums should have their spent blooms removed but their green stalks left intact so that the bulbs can store adequate nourishment for the next year. Stay on top of water and food till they die out. To get an early start on your winter harvest, put in extra scallions, marjoram, thyme, chives, oregano, sage, and coriander, and don’t forget to grow a crop of seed potatoes.

Can I plant tomatoes in January in South Africa?

Plant seedlings or sow seeds in the summer. Tomatoes may be sown in succession starting in January, resulting in a yield that lasts throughout the summer. The only hard part about planting tomatoes is deciding which varieties to plant. When picking tomatoes, growing habit is an additional factor to consider. Tomatoes have two growth patterns: determinate and indeterminate. 

Indeterminate tomatoes are the ones that start fruiting later in the season but continue to produce fruit right up until the first frost. Thus, they require higher, more sturdy supports and stakes. Determinate tomato plants are bushier and reach their full height in less time than indeterminate ones. They also begin bearing fruit earlier in the season and finish producing fully ripe tomatoes in around two weeks.

This is a great plant for growing in small areas and pots. As long as they are maintained in a warm environment inside or in a hothouse, tomato seeds may be sowed 6-8 weeks before the final average frost date (in Gauteng, that is, the 27th of August). Before planting in beds or pots, harden them off for a week.

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Onion Farming
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Which vegetables grow in winter in South Africa?

Onions are a good choice if you’re looking for a vegetable to grow throughout the winter in South Africa. There are several types of green onions. In the winter, “Scallions” do best. This green onion type is resistant to environmental stresses and relies heavily on the quality of the soil in which they are planted. One of the simplest winter crops to grow is garlic. Comparable qualities to the scallion onion may be found in this item.

Their typical prolonged duration of growth is only one example. For this reason, it takes the whole spring to grow if they are planted in late fall or early winter. In early July, you can pick the garlic. There are also many distinct types of garlic. Green peas are among the healthiest options your garden offers as a spring crop. Planting peas in the garden as fall draws close is a good idea if you want to get the nutritional benefits in early spring.

To maximize production, it is best to plant the rounder pea seeds. Spring onions mature quickly compared to other alliums in the onion family, such as garlic and green onions. Because of this, if the product is planted at the right time, the gardener can count on a quick harvest after the cold weather finally ends. Spinach grows quickly, which is one of its main benefits.

Consequently, you can reliably pick its nutritious leaves throughout the year. The answer is kale if you’re wondering what veggies are suitable for planting in South Africa throughout the summer. It’s fascinating to note that when the plant’s blossoms mature, it will cease to be a crop and instead become a seed. So if you want your perpetual spinach always to have healthy, new leaves, just keep cutting off the blooms.

Which vegetables can be planted in autumn in South Africa?

The most important plants to cultivate during the fall months of South Africa are leafy greens (such as lettuce, spinach, and Swiss chard), root crops (such as carrots, beets, and radishes), and the brassica big four (which include kale, cabbage, cauliflower, and broccoli).

When can I plant potatoes in South Africa?

Planting potatoes in South Africa can occur between August and early June of the following year if the location is frost-free. Limiting planting to the months of August through December or even early January in regions prone to frost is advisable. In the case of potatoes, planting can be done either manually or using a motorized planter. Seed potatoes or tubers should be planted at a depth of 1.5 centimeters.

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Cabbage Colors
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When the plants reach a height of 25 to 30 cm, they can be ridged to shield the stem from the sun and the subterranean tubers from pests. Ridging is mounding soil around immature potato plants to encourage tuber growth. This process can be carried out mechanically or manually. Seed potatoes or tubers are used in the cultivation process. Planting rows for potatoes should be 80–100 centimeters apart, and plants within each row should be placed 20–30 centimeters apart. 

When planting, the soil should be moist but not wet. Ideally, you would water your plants twice a week, laying down 30 to 40 millimeters of water each time. This can increase to 60 mm per week over three irrigation cycles in hotter climates and sandy soils. When plants die just before harvest, it’s time to cut down on watering.

What can I plant in October in South Africa?

Every two weeks, keep sowing seedlings of radishes, carrots, beans, beets, spring onions, squashes, and baby marrows (zucchini). Plant seeds for broccoli, tomatoes, and basil in small pots or seed trays. Tomatoes, Swiss chard, brinjals, lettuce, and peppers should all be planted as seedlings. Apply Seagro as a foliar fertilizer to all plant life. Use a liquid fertilizer as a side dressing for heavy feeders like peppers, tomatoes, and brinjals, or sprinkle an organic fertilizer like Talborne Vita-Fruit & Flower (3:1:5) around the plant’s base and water it in.

Do not neglect citrus plants. Plant some basil in your garden this summer. It is offered in several flavor profiles and several distinct kinds of leaves. There is the sweet green basil, the purple ‘Opal,’ ‘Purple,’ and ‘Red’ basils, and the green Thai basil with red-purple blossoms and stems. The seeds of spring annuals, including calendulas, linaria, Virginian stocks, Shirley poppies, forget-me-nots, and native flowers like Namaqualand daisies, Ursinus, and the tall, purple Senecio, may be stored in envelopes or paper bags until planting time.

Put them in a cold, dark place with a label and a date on them, so you don’t forget when to plant them. You can keep native bulbs such as tritonias, ixias, babianas, sparaxis, freesias, daffodils, scilla, and alium in the ground as long as drainage is excellent and you continue to feed and water them until the foliage dies back in the fall.

Fuchsias will bloom in 6-8 weeks without pinching if you give them high-potash fertilizer every two weeks and a foliar feed with trace elements every several weeks. Get some impatiens, plectranthus, and coleus cuttings. Cut them below the lowest node and place them in water in a transparent glass container to root them.

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Spinach Garden
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South Africa vegetable panting calendar/guide/schedule

Vegetables Eastern cape Free state Gauteng Kwazulu Natal Limpopo 
Broad beans Apr to May Apr to May Apr to May Apr to May Apr to May 
Bush beansFeb to Sep Jan,
Aug to Dec 
Aug to Jan Aug to Jan Aug to Jan 
Climbing beans Feb to Aug Aug to Dec Aug to Dec Aug to Jan Aug to Dec 
Beetroot Feb to July Jan to Apr, 
Aug to Dec 
Jan to Apr,
Aug to Dec 
Aug to Apr Aug to Apr
Broccoli Feb to MarJan to Feb, DecJan to Feb,
Dec
Dec to Feb Dec to Feb 
Brussel sprouts Feb to MarJan to Feb Jan to Feb Dec to Feb Jan to Feb 
Cabbage Jan to Sep Jan to Feb,
Nov to Dec 
Jan to Feb,
Nov to Dec 
Aug to Oct Nov to Feb 
Carrot Feb to Aug Aug to Nov Aug to Nov Aug to Apr Aug to Nov 
Cauliflower Feb to Mar Jan to Feb, DecDec to Feb Jan to Mar Dec to Feb 
Celery Feb to Mar Aug to DecAug to DecFeb to MarAug to Dec 
Corn July to Nov Sep to Nov Sep to Nov Aug to SepSep to Nov 
Cucumber Feb to Sep Sep to Dec Sep to Dec Aug to Jan Sep to Dec 
EggplantsJan to Sep Aug to Nov 
Lettuce Feb to Mar Jan to Mar,
Aug to Sep 
Jan to Mar,
Aug to Sep
Aug to Mar Jan to Mar,
Aug to Sep 
Onions Feb to Mar Feb to MarFeb to MarFeb to Mar Feb to Mar
Parsnips Mar to May Sep to Oct Sep to OctAug to Oct Sep to Oct
PeasMar to June July to Sep July to Sep Apr to June July to Sep 
PeppersJan to Apr Aug to Oct Aug to OctSep to Oct Aug to Oct
Potatoes Apr to June July to Oct July to Oct Jan to Feb,
Sep to Dec
July to Oct
PumpkinsFeb to aug Sep to Nov Sep to Nov Aug to Dec Sep to Nov 
Radish Feb to Sep Feb to Apr,Aug to Nov Feb to Mar,
Aug to Nov 
July to Oct Feb to Apr,
Aug to Nov 
Spinach Feb to June Jan to Apr,
Aug to Dec
Jan to Apr,Aug to Dec  Jan to Apr,
Aug to Dec 
Jan to Apr,
Aug to Dec
Swiss chard Feb to June Jan to Apr
Aug to Dec
Jan to Apr,
Aug to Dec  
Jan to Apr,
Aug to Dec 
Jan to Apr,
Aug to Dec
Tomato Feb to June Aug to Nov Aug to Nov Aug to Dec Aug to Nov 

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Tomato Farming
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Vegetables Mpumalanga Northwest Northern cape Western cape 
Broad beans Apr to MayApr to May Aug to Jan Apr to June 
Bush beansAug to Jan Aug to Jan Apr to May Oct to Feb
Climbing beans Aug to Dec Aug to Dec Sep to Dec Sep to Jan 
Beetroot Aug to AprAug to Apr July to Feb July to Nov 
Broccoli Dec to FebDec to Feb Dec to Jan Dec to Jan 
Brussel sprouts Jan to Feb Jan to Feb Jan to Feb Jan to Feb
Cabbage Nov to Feb Nov to Feb Sep to Mar Nov to Apr
Carrot Aug to Nov Aug to Nov Jan to Apr,
Aug to Dec
Jan to Apr 
Cauliflower Dec to Feb Dec to Feb Jan to Mar,
Nov to Dec 
Dec to Jan 
Celery Aug to Dec Aug to Dec Sep to Oct Feb to Oct 
Corn Sep to Nov Sep to Nov Aug to Dec Aug to Dec 
Cucumber Sep to Dec Sep to Dec Jan to Feb,
Aug to Dec 
Sep to Nov 
EggplantsAug to OctAug to Oct 
Lettuce Jan to Mar,
Aug to Sep
Jan to Mar,
Aug to Sep
Jan to AprSep to Dec 
Onions Feb to Mar Feb to Mar Mar to June,
Sep to Oct  
Apr to May
Parsnips Sep to Oct Sep to Oct Jan to Feb,
Aug to Dec 
Mar to Nov 
PeasJuly to Sep July to Sep June to Aug Apr to Aug
PeppersAug to Oct Aug to Oct Aug to OctAug to Oct
Potatoes July to OctJuly to OctDec to Mar Jan to Sep
PumpkinsSep to Nov Sep to Nov Sep to Nov Sep to Nov
Radish Feb to Apr,
Aug to Nov 
Feb to Apr,
Aug to Nov 
Aug to AprMar to Oct
Spinach Jan to Apr,
Aug to Dec 
Jan to Apr,
Aug to Dec 
Aug to Jan Mar to May
Swiss chard Jan to Apr,
Aug to Dec 
Jan to Apr,
Aug to Dec 
Aug to Jan Mar to May
Tomato Aug to Nov Aug to Nov Aug to NovJuly to Oct

Conclusion 

We recommend keeping a diary or sow chart to record your observations as your plants develop. You can learn more about vegetable gardening via attentive observation and record-keeping than any expert, at least over time. It will accurately represent your knowledge of what has proven successful in your garden’s specific environment.

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