India is one of the leading agricultural countries in the world. With more than half of its population dependent on farming, it is essential to ensure the well-being of the farmers to further the nation’s growth. Farmers in India need higher profits, adequate banking services, and a lack of technological advancements. The government has developed several state-specific farmer empowerment programs to address these issues and ensure the agricultural sector’s growth.
This article will discuss the various state-specific schemes for farmers in India, how they have helped them so far, and their plans. We will also look at the challenges faced by farmers in India and what can be done to help them overcome them. We hope this article helps you understand the importance of these state-specific schemes for farmers in India and the betterment of the agricultural sector. Let’s check out more information about state specific schemes for farmers in India below.
Introduction to schemes for farmers in India
The Indian government has implemented various schemes and initiatives to support farmers and improve their livelihoods in India. These schemes range from financial assistance to technological interventions and focus on various aspects such as irrigation, crop insurance, soil health, and market access. Some of the significant schemes for farmers in India are:
- Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY): Where the farmer must pay a maximum premium of 2% for Kharif, 1.5 % for Rabi food and oilseed crops, and 5% for annual commercial or horticultural crops, and the remaining portion of the actuarial or bidded premium is shared equally by the Central and State Governments. This scheme provides insurance coverage to farmers against crop failure due to natural calamities such as drought, flood, and pests. It aims to reduce the financial burden on farmers and provide them with a safety net in case of crop loss.
- The Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana (PM-Kisan Scheme) is a government initiative in which 120 million small and marginal farmers in India with less than two hectares of landholding will receive up to Rs. 6,000 per year as minimum income support. The PM-Kisan scheme has been operational since December 1, 2018. Cultivators will receive Rs. 6000 in three installments under this scheme.
- Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY): This scheme aims to provide irrigation facilities to every farm in the country and increase the irrigation coverage from 46% to 80%. It focuses on water conservation, water harvesting, and drought-proofing measures.
- Soil Health Card Scheme: This scheme aims to provide farmers with a soil health card that gives information about the nutrient status of their soil. Based on the information, farmers can use fertilizers and other inputs in a scientific and balanced manner, improving crop productivity and soil health.
- National Food Security Mission (NFSM): This scheme aims to increase food grain production in the country and improve farmers’ livelihoods. It focuses on improving the productivity of rice, wheat, and pulses through various measures such as seed production, water management, and pest control.
- National Livestock Mission (NLM): This scheme aims to improve the productivity and profitability of the livestock sector in the country. It focuses on improving the health and breeding of livestock, providing credit and insurance, and promoting livestock-based enterprises.
- Micro Irrigation Fund scheme: NABARD has created a Micro Irrigation Fund with a corpus of Rs. 5,000 crores implemented from 2019-20. The fund’s objective is to facilitate the states in availing an interest-subvented loan for expanding coverage of micro irrigation facilities by taking up unique and innovative projects and incentivizing micro irrigation beyond the provisions available under PMKSY to encourage farmers to install micro irrigation systems.
- E-NAM On April 14, 2016, the Government of India launched a pan-India portal, e-National Agriculture Market (eNAM), to connect the existing agricultural mandis on a shared online market platform for trading agricultural commodities. E-NAM has linked nearly 1,000 mandis in 18 states and three union territories. Since its inception, e-NAM has registered 1.66 crore farmers, 1.31 lakh traders, 73,151 commission agents, and 1,012 farmer-producer organizations as users (FPOs).
- PM-Kusum: On February 19, 2019, the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Urja Suraksha Evam Utthaan Mahabhiyaan (PM-Kusum) scheme to reduce the consumption of diesel and electricity for agricultural irrigation. Solar-powered agricultural pumps with individual pump capacities of up to 7.5 HP and 15 lakh grid-connected irrigation pumps with individual capacities of up to 7.5 HP under the scheme.
- (NMSA) National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture is established by the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC). It aims to promote sustainable agriculture through climate change adaptation measures, increasing agricultural productivity, particularly in rainfed areas, by focusing on integrated farming, soil health management, and resource conservation.
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State specific schemes for farmers In India
Schemes for farmers in Telangana
Telangana is one of the most progressive states in India when it comes to agricultural development. It offers a variety of schemes and initiatives aimed at helping farmers improve their incomes, reduce costs, and increase yields. The state government of Telangana has taken numerous steps to improve the life of its farmers.
- Telangana Rythu Bandhu Scheme: The Telangana Rythu Bandhu Scheme is a government initiative launched in 2018 by Telangana to provide financial assistance to small and marginal farmers in the state. The scheme provides financial assistance of Rs. 4,000 per acre per year to the farmers to purchase seeds, fertilizers, and other crop inputs. The scheme aims to improve the income and livelihoods of small and marginal farmers in the state and to increase the productivity and sustainability of agriculture in Telangana.
- Rythu Bima: Rythu Bima is to provide financial assistance and social security to family members/dependents in case of a farmer’s death. After a farmer’s death, their family faces severe financial difficulties, even with necessities. Farmers between 18 and 59 are eligible to participate in the scheme. Suppose an enrolled farmer dies for any reason, including natural death. The insured amount of Rs. 5.00 Lakhs is deposited into the designated nominee account within ten (10) days.
- Telangana Rythu Sadhikara Samstha: This scheme aims to provide technical and financial assistance to farmers to develop their farms. It offers various services, such as soil testing, seed treatment, and crop insurance.
- Telangana State Horticulture Development Project (TSHDP): This project aims to increase the productivity and income of small and marginal farmers by developing horticulture crops such as vegetables, fruits, flowers, and medicinal plants. It provides financial assistance for establishing horticulture crops, water management, and marketing support. Production of vegetable seeds which will be duly certified for quality NHM (MIDH)
- Telangana State Agricultural Marketing Department (TSAMD): This department provides marketing support to farmers by establishing marketing yards and providing price information to farmers. It also organizes exhibitions and melas to promote the sale of horticulture produce.
Other schemes provided by the Telangana government are Telangana Rythu Vyavasaya Vikasa Yojana, Annapurna Scheme, Telangana Rythu Vahini, and Rythu Sadhikara Samstha Scheme for Farm Machinery.
Schemes for farmers in Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh is one of the leading states in India when it comes to schemes for farmers. The state government has been actively working towards creating initiatives that aid farmers. The YSR Rythu Bharosa Scheme is a state’s flagship program that provides farmers with financial aid. It provides financial assistance of Rs 13,500 per year to every farmer in the state.
- Annapurna Scheme: This scheme provides food grains at a subsidized rate to small and marginal farmers, landless laborers, and needy persons.
- YSR Rathu Bandhu Scheme: This scheme provides financial assistance to farmers through a one-time payment to support their agricultural activities.
- Rythu Vedika Scheme: This scheme provides a platform for farmers to interact with government officials and seek assistance and guidance in their agricultural activities.
- Rythu Neeru Scheme: This scheme provides financial assistance to farmers to construct irrigation wells and other water conservation measures.
- Other schemes provided by the Telangana government are Rythu Swarajya Scheme, Rythu Bima Scheme, Rythu Raksha Scheme, and health insurance coverage for farmers and their families.
Schemes for farmers in Tamil Nadu
- Tamil Nadu Agricultural Development Scheme: This scheme aims to provide financial assistance to farmers in Tamil Nadu for various activities such as land development, drip irrigation, and vegetable cultivation.
- Tamil Nadu Horticulture Development Scheme: This scheme provides financial assistance to horticulture farmers in Tamil Nadu for activities such as planting and maintaining fruit orchards and establishing cold storage facilities.
- Tamil Nadu Agricultural Marketing Scheme: This scheme aims to improve the marketing facilities for agricultural and horticultural produce in Tamil Nadu. It provides financial assistance for the construction of markets, wholesale yards, and cold storage facilities.
- Tamil Nadu Agricultural Credit Scheme: This scheme aims to provide accessible and affordable credit facilities to farmers in Tamil Nadu for various activities such as land development, irrigation, and crop production.
- Tamil Nadu Animal Husbandry Development Scheme: This scheme aims to improve the livestock sector in Tamil Nadu by providing financial assistance for activities such as breeding and rearing livestock and the construction of livestock sheds.
Schemes for farmers in Kerala
- Kerala State Agriculture Debt Relief Scheme: This scheme aims to relieve farmers facing financial difficulties due to debt burden. Under this scheme, the government will provide a one-time settlement to the outstanding debt of eligible farmers.
- Kerala State Crop Insurance Scheme: This provides insurance coverage to farmers against crop failures due to natural calamities such as drought, flood, and cyclones.
- Kerala State Agriculture Marketing Scheme: This scheme aims to improve the marketing of agricultural produce by providing financial assistance to farmers to construct storage facilities and purchase transport vehicles.
- Kerala State Horticulture Development Scheme: This scheme provides financial assistance to horticulture farmers for cultivating high-value crops such as fruits, vegetables, and flowers.
- Kerala State Organic Farming Scheme: This scheme promotes organic farming practices by providing financial assistance to farmers to convert their farms to organic farming.
Other Schemes are Kerala State Agricultural Workers’ Pension Scheme, Kerala State Agricultural Workers’ Insurance Scheme.
Schemes for farmers in Karnataka
- Karnataka State Agriculture Price Commission (KSAPC): This state government body determines the minimum support prices (MSP) for various crops grown. The MSP is the minimum price at which the government purchases crops from farmers.
- Chief Minister’s Krishi Karman Award: This is an award given to farmers in the state who have achieved outstanding results in agriculture and horticulture. The award is given in recognition of their contributions to the state’s agriculture sector’s growth.
- Krishi Bhagya Scheme: This is a state government scheme that provides financial assistance to farmers for irrigation projects. The scheme aims to ensure that farmers have access to adequate water for irrigation purposes.
- Chief Minister’s Krishi Sanjeevani Scheme: This state government provides financial assistance to farmers to purchase inputs such as seeds, fertilizers, and pesticides. The scheme aims to help farmers improve crop productivity and income.
- Karnataka State Horticulture Development Corporation (KSHDC): This state government body promotes horticulture development. It provides technical and financial assistance to farmers to develop horticulture crops and construct post-harvest infrastructure.
Schemes for farmers in Maharastra
- Maharashtra State Agricultural and Rural Development Bank (MSARDB) Scheme: This scheme provides loans to farmers for various agricultural and horticultural activities, including the purchase of inputs and machinery, land development, and more.
- Maharashtra State Agricultural Credit Corporation (MSACC) Scheme: This scheme provides short-term and long-term loans to farmers for agricultural and horticultural activities, including purchasing inputs, machinery, and land development.
- Maharashtra State Agricultural Marketing Board (MSAMB) Scheme: This scheme provides financial assistance to farmers for setting up new agricultural and horticultural marketing infrastructure, such as storage facilities, cold storage units, processing units, and more.
Schemes for farmers in Orissa
- Orissa Kisan Credit Card Scheme: This scheme provides financial assistance to farmers through credit cards with a maximum limit of Rs. 1 lakh. It enables farmers to quickly access funds for various purposes, such as purchasing seeds, fertilizers, and other agricultural inputs.
- Orissa Krushi Karman Awards Scheme: This scheme recognizes and rewards farmers who have achieved outstanding results in agriculture and allied activities. The award consists of a cash prize and a citation.
- Orissa Agricultural Debt Waiver Scheme: This scheme aims to relieve farmers’ financial distress due to high debt levels. It provides for the waiver of a portion of the outstanding debt of eligible farmers.
- Orissa Krushi Vikas Yojana: This scheme aims to improve the productivity and profitability of agriculture in the state by providing financial assistance for various activities such as irrigation, soil and water conservation, and the modernization of agricultural practices.
- Orissa Crop Insurance Scheme: This scheme provides insurance coverage to farmers against loss or damage to crops due to natural calamities such as drought, flood, and hail. It helps to protect farmers from financial loss and enables them to continue farming even under challenging circumstances.
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Schemes for farmers in Gujarat
- Swaminarayan Krushi Sahay Yojana (SKSY): This state government scheme provides financial assistance to farmers in Gujarat for agricultural activities such as crop cultivation, animal husbandry, and dairy farming. The assistance is provided through loans at a reduced interest rate.
- Krushi Mahotsav: The state government organizes this annual event to promote modern farming techniques and technologies among farmers. The event features various activities such as exhibitions, demonstrations, seminars, and competitions.
- Krushi Sahay: This state government scheme provides financial assistance to farmers to purchase agricultural inputs such as seeds, fertilizers, and pesticides.
Schemes for farmers in Madhya Pradesh
- MP Kisan Anudan Yojana: Madhya Pradesh’s government has announced the MP Kisan Anudan Yojana 2022 for farmers. The state government will provide massive subsidies on agricultural machinery to farmers under this scheme. Each beneficiary is eligible for a 50% subsidy on agricultural equipment.
- Mukhyamantri Kisan Kalyan Yojana: Farmers will receive 6000 Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana funds from the central government and 4000 from the state government.
- Bhavantar Bhugtan Yojana: This scheme, implemented by the Government of Madhya Pradesh, aims to provide financial support to farmers by compensating them for the difference between the market price and the cost of production of their crops.
- Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana: This scheme provides financial assistance to farmers to develop and modernize their agricultural practices. It covers areas such as irrigation, soil and water conservation, and capacity building of farmers.
- National Fishermen Development and Training Scheme: This scheme aims to improve the livelihood of fishermen in Madhya Pradesh by providing training and financial assistance for fishing gear, boats, and other equipment.
Schemes for Farmers in Uttar Pradesh
The government of Uttar Pradesh launches several schemes and initiatives for the benefit of farmers in the state:
- Krishi Sichai Yojana: This scheme provides irrigation facilities to farmers in the state, including the construction of canals, water reservoirs, and tube wells.
- Kisan Karz Mafi Yojana: This scheme provides debt relief to small and marginal farmers in the state.
- Chief Minister Krishi Rin Samadhan Yojana: Under this scheme, farmers can avail of loans at reduced interest rates and get assistance with irrigation, seeds, and fertilizers.
- State Government’s Agriculture Insurance Scheme: This scheme provides insurance coverage to farmers for their crops against natural disasters, pests, and diseases.
- Chief Minister Annapurna Yojana: Under this scheme, farmers can get free seeds and fertilizers to improve their crop yield.
Schemes for farmers in West Bengal
- The mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture: This scheme aims to promote the development of horticulture crops such as fruits, vegetables, and flowers by providing technical and financial assistance to farmers.
- West Bengal Agricultural Marketing Project: This scheme aims to improve the marketing infrastructure and facilities for farmers in West Bengal. It includes the construction of new market yards, modernizing existing market yards, and setting up e-market platforms.
- West Bengal Krishak Bandhu scheme: Farmers were given financial assistance. Beneficiaries will receive a Rs 2 lakh life insurance policy and financial assistance under the scheme. Farmers’ families can benefit from the financial incentives provided by the government.
- Sufal Bangla Project aims to ensure a rational share of the producer in the consumer’s price by procuring agricultural commodities directly from the farmers and selling them to the consumers. The project mainly aims to promote and market localized commodities with traditional Bengali language and culture.
- Fasal, Amar Gari Amar: The scheme was implemented in December 2013. This scheme provides financial assistance to small and marginal farmers, Self-Help Groups, and Farmer Producer Organizations (FPOs)
Schemes for farmers in Punjab
The Punjab government has implemented several schemes for farmers, including the Punjab State Crop Insurance Scheme, the Punjab Agriculture Development Fund, and the Punjab State Agricultural Marketing Board.
Schemes for farmers in Bihar
- Mukhya Mantri Krishi Ashirwad Yojana: This scheme provides financial assistance to small and marginal farmers in Bihar to purchase seeds, fertilizers, and other agricultural inputs.
- Mukhya Mantri Kisan Suryodaya Yojana: Under this scheme, farmers are provided with solar pumps for irrigation, helping them save on electricity costs and increasing their crop yield.
- Mukhya Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana: This scheme provides financial assistance to small and marginal farmers through direct cash transfers to their bank accounts.
Schemes for farmers in North East
- National Bamboo Mission: This scheme aims to promote the cultivation and processing of bamboo in the region, which is a significant source of livelihood for many farmers.
- National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture: This scheme aims to promote sustainable agriculture practices in the region, including water conservation, soil health management, and organic farming.
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In conclusion, India has a wide range of state-specific schemes to support its farmers. These schemes provide financial assistance, technical assistance, and access to resources such as seeds, fertilizers, and irrigation systems. Some of the most notable schemes include the Prime Minister’s Krishi Sinchai Yojana, the National Food Security Mission, and the Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana.
These schemes have helped to improve the livelihoods of farmers across the country. However, there is still much work to be done to provide equal access to resources and support for all farmers. The government needs to continue to invest in and develop these schemes to ensure the long-term sustainability of the agriculture sector in India.
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