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Vegetable Growing Season Chart in India: Sowing Guide, Germination and Planting Calendar  

Our nation has a wide variety of plant life since it contains almost every imaginable landscape. Wildernesses everywhere, from mountains to plains, provide a haven for enchanting creatures. We tried to create this latest chart/calendar with the ideal times to sow and harvest veggies. However, if you are very specific, we advise checking with gardening specialists in your town, city, or village for the most up-to-date information regarding local conditions.

Vegetable Growing Chart in India1
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This page has a comprehensive vegetable sowing calendar for India, split into sections covering the country’s many growing regions: the north, the south, and everything in between. Below we learn the vegetable planting calendar for north and south India, germination temperatures, and the growing season chart for different vegetables. This article will help you to understand the vegetable growing season chart in India.

Vegetable growing season chart in India

What month is the best month to plant vegetables?

Sowing and harvesting your vegetable crops at the proper time of year, when they are at the top of softness and flavor, is essential, whether you are sowing them straight outdoors in the ground or inside with the heat. Most vegetables are planted in the spring, between March and May, although others, like broad beans, may need to be planted earlier depending on the weather. Midway through the summer is when most harvests begin.

On the other hand, beans, carrots, radishes, and potatoes should be harvested sooner. Be aware that certain vegetables, such as beets, brussels sprouts, cabbages, leeks, and parsnips, have a later harvest time. It depends on the weather and the plant’s development, but the later-ripening veggies can be harvested far into the new year.

Keep in mind that before transplanting to the outside, certain vegetables must first be sown inside. This procedure is necessary for vegetables that have thick skins, such as tomatoes, sweet corn, and cabbage. Vegetable growing thrives in the summertime as well. Vegetables that do well in the intense heat of Indian summer need much daylight to grow. 

What is a vegetable cropping calendar?

The Crop Calendar is useful for promoting home vegetable production by providing accurate and timely seed information. It details the best times to grow, sow, and harvest regionally appropriate crops in various ecologies. It details the most common gardening procedures and the rates at which various seeds and planting materials can be sown.

It helps farmers and garden enthusiasts make informed choices about what to grow and when to plant it, all while being mindful of the environmental impact. It also helps with emergency planning for agricultural system recovery following calamities.

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When should tomatoes be planted in India?

Seeds are planted in June and July for a winter harvest and in October and November for a spring and summer harvest. From March until April, gardeners spread seeds. Tomato seedlings are grown from seed in nurseries before being transplanted into the field. Three-by-six-foot raised beds are set up with a 10-15 cm elevation. 

What is the fastest-growing vegetable plant?

Just 3 to 4 weeks is all it takes to harvest radishes, making them one of the quickest veggies. Additionally, they are pretty simple to grow. Plant seeds in either fertile soil or potting soil in containers. Spread the healthy seeds out thickly, leaving approximately an inch (2.5cm) between each one. The peppery roots can be grown in a continuous harvest by sowing a few seeds every few weeks until the end of summer. 

The seeds will start to sprout in around three to five days. If the seedlings are too close, you should thin them out so the roots have space to grow. Make sure no weeds are growing there, and water when it’s dry. Don’t let the roots grow too big, or they’ll become woody and spicy.

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When should I plant carrots in India?

In India, carrots are a very important vegetable crop. Significant carrots are produced in Haryana, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, and Uttar Pradesh. Carrots needed loose, deep soils to produce strong roots. Carrots can’t be grown on either too heavy or too sandy soils. Soil pH between 5.5 and 7 is excellent for maximum crop production (pH of 6.5 is ideal for good yield).  Remove clods and weeds from the ground by plowing them completely. 

At the time of land preparation, add well-composted cow dung into the soil. Forking of fleshy roots signifies that cow dung hasn’t decomposed enough to be used. Carrots of the local (desi) variety do best when planted in August and September, while European ones do best in October and November. Maintain a 45-cm distance between rows and a 7.5-cm distance between plants. Sowing seeds at a depth of 1.5 centimeters will promote healthy development. Apply both the dibbling and disseminating sowing techniques.

In case you missed it: Mississippi Vegetable Planting Calendar (MS): Month Wise Garden Guide for Fall, Winter, Spring, Summer, Zone 7, Zone 8, and Zone 9

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What plant can grow in 1 month?

If you’re a fan of carrots and want a quick harvest, you should choose them. In this case, you can simply plant the young carrot seeds in the ground or a mud container. The seeds to grow baby carrots can be found at any store. After this stage, this vegetable requires little maintenance. In 30 days, you’ll have fresh, homegrown baby carrots from your garden, and all you’ll have to do is water them once every two or three days. Radish, packed with health-promoting elements, is a staple in most Indian diets.

Growing radishes is excellent since they thrive in various climates and soil types. It’s as simple as planting radish seeds in the ground and giving them watering every day or two. Typically, radishes need roughly 25 days from planting to harvest. It can take as long as 30 days. Cucumber can be eaten raw or cooked in various tasty ways. These are simple to grow and are not limited to a certain time of year.

Cucumbers don’t need anything but room to grow. You should leave some distance between them in your vegetable garden. Trellises can serve the same purpose. Your efforts won’t become apparent for another three to four weeks. Spinach, one of the healthiest crops, can be produced in a home garden in only four to five weeks. Here, you must pick a few spinach seeds and plant them in fertile soil. Be careful to give the plants frequent attention, including watering.

If you’re consistent with this, your spinach will be lush with green leaves after a few weeks and look very nutritious. When we discuss the benefits of spinach, we can’t help but think about lettuce, another plant with many beneficial components. In fewer than 30 days, lettuce can yield a substantial crop despite the cold weather. You can choose from many kinds of lettuce, each with its unique flavor profile. 

Beans are rich in vitamin content and are considerably simpler to grow. For the sake of your kitchen garden’s aesthetics, you should grow this veggie. This plant can go from dead in less than 20 days to a green beauty that enhances the aesthetic appeal of your landscape. So, whether you care more about the visual beauty of your garden or the nutritional value of the food you eat, this is one vegetable you should grow.

In case you missed it: Massachusetts Vegetable Planting Calendar (MA): Month Wise Garden Guide for Fall, Winter, Spring, Summer, Zone 5, Zone 6, and Zone 7

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Indian vegetable planting calendar 

Indian vegetable germination chart  
Vegetable North India-growing seasonSouth India-growing season Germination temperature
MelonFeb to Mar
June to July
Jan to Feb
Mar to June to Dec
22 to 32
CornOct to NovSept to Oct10
PumpkinJan to Mar
Sep to Dec
May to June
June to July to Jan20 to 35
PotatoOct to DecOct to Dec4
Cauliflower (early)Mid-JuneJune to July
Aug to Sep
25 to 27
Cauliflower (late)Aug to OctJune to July16 to 20
Cauliflower (midseason)Jun to July
Aug to Sept
June to July
Aug to Sep
Turnip Oct to NovOct to Nov15 to 35
TomatoJune to Aug
Nov to Dec
Jan to feb 
June to July
Oct to Nov
20 to 30
SpinachSept to Nov-FebSept to Nov10 to 22
RadishAug to Jan–it depends–10 to 30
PeasSept to NovSept to Nov10 to 22
OnionMay to JuneMar to April
May to June
Sept to Oct
10 to 32
OkraFeb to March
June to July
Jan to Feb
May to June to Dec
20 to 32
LettuceSept to OctOct to Dec7 to 27
BeansFeb to Mar16 to 30
CucumberFeb to Mar
June to July
June to July
Sept to Oct
Dec to Jan
16 to 32
CarrotAug to OctAug to Nov10 to 30
CapsicumNov to Jan
May to June
Jan to Feb
May to June
Oct to Nov
15 to 25
CabbageSept to OctJune to July
Oct to Nov
10 to 20
BroccoliAug to SeptAug to Sept21 to 23
Bottle gourdFeb to Mar
June to July
Nov to Dec
Dec to Jan
Jun to July
20 to 30
Bitter gourdFeb to Mar
June to July
Nov to Dec
Dec to Jan
Jun to July
20 to 30
BeetrootOct to NovAug to Nov10 to 30
Apple gourdFeb to Mar
June to July
Feb to Mar
June to July
20 to 30

In case you missed it: Michigan Vegetable Planting Calendar (MI): Month Wise Garden Guide for Fall, Winter, Spring, Summer, Zone 4, Zone 5, and Zone 6

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Indian vegetable sowing calendar  
Vegetable Method of sowingDepth for sowing(inches)Sowing distance (inches/feet)Days to maturity 
MelonDirect 1Between rows: 18” to 24”70 to 85 days
CornDirect1 to 1.5Between rows: 30” to 36” Between seeds: 4“ to 6“60 to 100 days
PumpkinDirect1Between seeds: 24“ to 48“ 70 to 75 days
PotatoDirect4Between rows: 12“ to 18“70 to 120 days
Cauliflower (early)Transplant 0.5Between rows: 2 ft Between seeds: 2 ft 120 to 125 days
Cauliflower (late)Transplant0.5Between rows: 2 ft Between seeds: 2 ft 120 to 125 days
Cauliflower (midseason)Transplant0.5Between rows: 2 ft Between seeds: 2 ft 120 to 125 days
Turnip Direct0.5Between rows: 1.5 ft Between seeds: 4”40 to 50 days
TomatoTransplant0.25Between rows: 2.5 ftBetween seeds: 1 ft110 to 115 days
SpinachDirect0.5Between rows: 9 ftBetween seeds: 3 ft60 days
RadishDirect0.5Between rows: 12” Between seeds: 2“ to 3“40 to 45 days
PeasDirect1Between rows: 12“Between seeds: 4“55 to 60 days
OnionTransplant0.25Between rows: 6 ftBetween seeds: 4 ft150 to 160 days
OkraDirect0.5Between rows: 18“Between seeds: 12“45 to 50 days
LettuceDirect/ TransplantSurface sow, cover lightly with soilBetween rows: 8“ to 12“ 45 to 55 days
BeansDirect1 to 1.5Between rows: 18“Between seeds: 8“45 to 50 days
CucumberDirect0.5Between rows: 12“ 50 to 70 days
CarrotDirect0.25Between rows: 1.5 ftBetween seeds: 2“75 to 80 days
CapsicumTransplant0.25 to 0.5Between rows: 1.5 ftBetween seeds: 1.5 ft95 to 100 days
CabbageTransplant0.25Between rows: 1.5 ftBetween seeds: 1 ft90 to 100 days
BroccoliTransplant1.5Between rows: 1.5 ftBetween seeds: 1 ft90 to 100 days
Bottle gourdDirect1-2Between rows: 4 ftBetween seeds: 1 ft55 to 60 days
Bitter gourdDirect0.5Between rows: 4 ftBetween seeds: 1 ft55 to 60 days
BeetrootDirect1Between rows: 18“Between seeds: 4”80 to 90 days
Apple gourdDirect1Between rows: 12“Between seeds: 12“70 to 80 days


We hope our vegetable growing season chart and sowing calendar will help you plan your perfect garden in India. However, if you live in the following states in India, this article may help you to understand different vegetable sowing times, and germination periods, along with a planting guide.

Andhra PradeshKarnatakaHaryanaSikkim
Arunachal PradeshKeralaHimachal PradeshTamil Nadu
AssamMadhya PradeshJharkhandTelangana
ChhattisgarhManipurOdishaUttar Pradesh
GujaratMizoramRajasthanWest Bengal
Central IndiaWest IndiaSouth IndiaNorth India


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