White Holland Turkey Breed: Characteristics, Origin, Size, Uses, Price, Breeding, and Lifespan

The White Holland is an old domestic turkey variety known for its white plumage. The White Holland is a captivating breed of domestic turkey that has gained popularity over the years. Its most distinctive feature is its stunning white plumage, which sets it apart from other turkey varieties. This unique trait makes the White Holland a sought-after choice for those who prefer an elegant and eye-catching bird.

White Holland Turkey Breed

White Holland Turkey Breed


The White Holland turkey is known for its distinct characteristics that set it apart from other domestic turkey varieties. One of the most notable characteristics of the White Holland is its beautiful white plumage, which gives it a regal and elegant appearance. This breed also has a calm and friendly temperament.

They are known to be docile birds that are easy to handle and work with. This makes them ideal for both small backyard flocks and larger commercial operations. In addition to their impressive size, these turkeys also have an attractive appearance. Their pure white plumage adds elegance to any farm or backyard setting where they are raised.


The White Holland turkey is known for its calm and friendly temperament. These birds are excellent choices for beginner and experienced turkey keepers. They have been bred to be less flighty than some other turkey breeds, which means they are less likely to try to escape from their enclosures. This makes them well-suited for backyard or small-scale farming operations. 

While each bird will have its unique personality, overall, White Hollands tend to be gentle and non-aggressive. Their calm demeanor also makes them an excellent choice for families with children who may want to interact with the turkeys without fear of aggression or harm.

Origin and History

The White Holland turkey has a rich history that dates back to the early days of European settlement in North America. It is believed to have originated from the selective breeding of domestic turkeys brought over by European settlers. These settlers were looking for a breed that could adapt well to the harsh climate and provide ample meat for their communities. Through careful selection, they developed the White Holland turkey, which quickly gained popularity due to its large size and superior meat quality.

Size and Weight

These birds are large, with toms (males) weighing in at an average of 36 pounds. Hens (females) are slightly smaller but still hefty, tipping the scales at around 20 pounds. They have a robust build and broad chests that give them a powerful appearance. Their size makes them ideal for those looking to raise turkeys for meat production.

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White Turkey

The White Holland turkey has well-developed muscles that contribute to its deliciously tender meat. When considering the size and weight of White Holland turkeys, it’s important to keep in mind the space requirements they’ll need on your farm or property. These birds will require ample room to move around freely as they grow larger.


The primary purpose behind breeding White Hollands is their use as meat birds due to their remarkable size and succulent meat quality. Their plumpness combined with tender flesh makes them highly prized among consumers looking for flavorful Thanksgiving feasts or special occasion dinners. The White Holland is known for its tender and flavorful meat, making it an excellent choice for holiday feasts or any special occasion meal.

In addition to being delicious, these turkeys also make great show birds. Their beautiful white plumage stands out in poultry shows and exhibitions, earning admiration from judges and spectators alike. Furthermore, some people choose to raise White Holland turkeys as pets or ornamental birds. They can be quite friendly and enjoy human interaction when handled properly from a young age.

Price Range

The cost of a White Holland Turkey can change depending on various factors such as age, size, and quality. Generally, you can expect to pay more for a mature turkey compared to a young one. The price range for White Holland Turkeys typically starts around $60 and can go up to several hundred dollars. If you’re looking to buy a whole White Holland Turkey, expect to pay anywhere from $6 to $8 per pound. This means that for an average-sized bird weighing around 20 pounds, you could expect to spend between $120 to $160.


These birds can live up to 10 years, making them a long-term investment for turkey enthusiasts. Various factors, including genetics, diet, and overall care, influence the lifespan of the White Holland turkey. Providing turkeys with a balanced diet that meets their nutritional requirements will help promote good health and longevity.

Care and Management

It is relatively easy, making them a popular choice for poultry enthusiasts. Ensure that the turkeys have enough space to move around comfortably. A secure enclosure with fencing is necessary to protect them from predators. 

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A balanced diet consisting of high-quality turkey feed supplemented with fresh fruits, vegetables, and grains will keep them nourished. Accessible fresh water should be available at all times. Regular health check-ups are important to detect any potential issues early on. Consult a veterinarian experienced in avian care for guidance on vaccinations and preventive measures against common diseases.

Breeding and Reproduction

To ensure healthy and productive offspring, it is important to understand the breeding process. When it comes to White Holland turkey breeding, selecting quality breeding stock is essential. Choose birds that meet the standard characteristics of the White Holland breed, such as their white plumage and large size. By carefully selecting compatible birds, you increase the chances of producing strong and genetically sound offspring. White Hollands are known for their natural mating abilities. Allowing them to mate naturally not only promotes genetic diversity but also ensures a higher success rate in fertilization.

However, artificial insemination can also be used if necessary. The incubation period for White Holland turkey eggs is approximately 28 days. During this time, it’s important to provide proper care for both the hen and her nest of eggs. Maintain optimal temperature levels in the incubator or under a broody hen for successful hatching. Once hatched, young poults require attentive care to ensure their health and growth. Please provide them with a balanced diet rich in protein for rapid development.

White Holland Turkey Profile

Breed NameWhite Holland
Place of OriginUnited States
Tom (Male) Size36 lbs
Hen (Female) Size20 lbs
Lifespan10 years
Climate ToleranceAll
Egg ColorPale cream to medium brown with spotting
Egg SizeLarge
Care LevelEasy

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) on White Holland Turkeys

How Do I Provide Proper Housing for My White Holland Turkeys?

Turkeys need a spacious and secure coop or pen with ample ventilation. Make sure they have enough room to move around comfortably and access to fresh water at all times.

What Should I Feed My White Holland Turkeys?

A balanced diet is crucial for turkey health. Please provide them with high-quality turkey feed that contains the necessary nutrients, vitamins, and minerals.

Do White Holland Turkeys Require Special Care During Winter Months?

Yes. Protect your turkeys from extreme cold by insulating their coop and providing extra bedding. You may also consider using heat lamps if needed.

Can I Raise White Holland Turkeys Alongside Other Poultry?

While it’s possible, it’s generally recommended to keep turkeys separate from chickens due to differences in disease susceptibility and dietary needs.

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Wild Turkey


The White Holland Turkey profile offers numerous benefits that make it a popular choice among poultry enthusiasts. It has a rich history and unique characteristics and serves various purposes in both rural and urban settings. The White Holland turkey is a breed with great significance in the poultry industry. 


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