India Flower Planting Calendar: Month-wise Garden Sowing Chart, Dates Guide for Winter, Summer, and Rainy Season

Nature’s flowers are some of the most stunning examples of their work. Undoubtedly, simply glancing at them will put a grin on your face. In addition to providing aesthetic pleasure, flowers provide practical benefits in the garden since they draw in insect pollinators that benefit other plants. In India, a flower planting schedule is crucial for the start of any flower garden. Below we learn the Indian flower sowing calendar, month-wise gardening chart, planting schedule, and seasonal guide for growing flowers in Indian gardens.

India Flower Planting Calendar
Image Source

India flower planting calendar

Flowers to sow in October in India

These are some of India’s flowering plants whose seeds can be sown in October. In addition to being October’s birth flower, marigolds remain in bloom far into the autumn. Calendula, often known as pot marigold, takes around eight weeks to mature into a full plant with layers of stunning orange and yellow blossoms. They bloom nonstop after being planted, all the way into frost.

Plus, they give your landscape a splash of color and draw in helpful critters like ladybugs and butterflies. Whether you choose the star- or bell-shaped Toad lilies have straight and archive stems. They bloom just as the summer’s other flowers are beginning to fade, and their small but bountiful blossoms are a welcome sight. Just like toads, they like cool, damp environments in the shade. They can even thrive in direct sunlight if they have enough water.

Put them wherever others can see and appreciate them to take advantage of their special charm. White Turtlehead is a natural wildflower that may be found over most of eastern North America and thrives in damp, fertile soil. The flower got its name because it resembled the turtle’s shell. The nectar is very useful to butterflies and hummingbirds and serves as a host plant for caterpillars of other insects. Its maximum height, under ideal circumstances, is about 3–4 feet.

The stunning, tall, star-shaped blooms of the aster are reminiscent of daisies, but their yellow centers and violet petals set them apart. Depending on the type, they may bloom anytime from August to October. Some of the Aster kinds that flower in October include whitewood and heath aster. They like full sun to moderate shade and organic soil with good drainage.

In addition to the other October blooms, chrysanthemums need full light and well-drained soil to thrive. This colorful bloom is common in backyard gardens and works well in bouquets. Chrysanthemums come in various sizes and colors, and there are n species to choose from. The Sarah, the Emperor of China, and the Sunny Morning are just a few of the types that produce flowers in the month of October.

Flower seeds to sow in August in India

Hibiscus flowers bloom periodically throughout the year, but August is the best month for them to flourish. The Lotus, one of the most exotic flowers, has long been a metaphor for self-realization and the end of suffering. There are pink and white varieties of these blooms, and both offer a soothing aroma. It’s a metaphor for boundless success, happiness, and spiritual development. 

In case you missed it: How to Grow Peas Faster: Best Tips to Increase Flowering, Fruiting, and Production Yield

Hibiscus flower
Image Source

Lotuses are commonly confused with water lilies. They’re perennials that thrive in water and provide a pleasant scent whether planted in a garden or inside. Only in areas with consistent rainfall can the Gulmohar flower blossom. The tiny blossoms emit a subtle yet pleasant scent. Contrasting with the greenery, the vibrant flowers are quite stunning. Flowers like carnations are gradually replacing roses as society’s preferred floral gift.

Flowers are perfect for mixed bouquets and flower arrangements in vases because of their wide variety of colors. They also link it to the Virgin Mary. Pompom flowers are popular for use in both home gardens and commercial landscapes. Choose chrysanthemums if you want to add a splash of vibrant color to your patio, porch, or home. Jasmine, like marigold, is a large part of the Indian floral vista. Jasmine, also known as gandhraja, is a flower that blooms during the monsoon season and is prized for its sweet yet potent fragrance.

In case you missed it: How to Propagate Peace Lily: Flowering Stages, Planting, Growing, and Care for Indoors and Outdoors

Jasmine home garden
Image Source

It is often used in venis, gajras, and garlands for the gods. These little white blossoms manage to thrive in the sweltering heat and humidity. The medicinal properties of this little flower are not to be overlooked. Jasmine tea has been shown to alleviate symptoms of sleeplessness and anxiety. Women in South India are famous for their long, thick braids, and it is widely believed that jasmine oil is the key to their success.

Flower seeds to sow in February in India

In February, plant bulbs for the greatest results. They’re the flowers of the growing season, and their blooming period is this month. You can also plant fall-blooming bulbs if your soil is suitable. Planted bulb seeds will mature and bloom in time for spring. In India, February is the best month to sow flowers like spider lilies, canna lilies, and others. In March, you can see the widespread planting of crocuses throughout Asia and India. As March planting time approaches, these are the finest options.

For these plants to bloom in the fall, the bulbs must be planted in March. Although they take a while to blossom, you can start planting them in the spring. In particular, many of you hold lilies and daffodils in the highest regard and delight in receiving them as presents. Try your hand at gardening and raise them from seed! Lilies, which don’t start flowering until late summer or early fall, are the finest flowers to plant in March.

This is because, in March, India has its first month of spring, making it an ideal month for plant growth. Get the proper soil and plant your rose bushes in your backyard in the month of March. You should give it plenty of sunshine and water it often. Everyone loves carnations. As temperatures rise to a comfortable level in February, carnations are the ideal annual flower to sow at this time. After planting in February, these flowers will blossom around 12 weeks later.

Which flowers bloom in winter in India?

Alyssum is a must-have plant if you want butterflies and bees buzzing about your yard. It is also excellent for gardens that want to attract pollinators. If you want to grow alyssum, you can just scatter the seeds on the ground, and they’ll grow. To get a carpet appearance, space them to no more than six inches. The common marigold, or “pot marigold,” is a fantastic choice for winter bloom. In contrast to alyssum, Calendula grows up to 24 inches tall and has a subtle aroma.

In case you missed it: How to Grow Oregano from Seed to Harvest: Check How this Guide Helps Beginners

Marigold Garden
Image Source

The calendula plant’s petals and seeds have been used in various methods to speed up the healing of damaged skin. They can be found in a spectrum of orange and yellow tones, elevating the garden’s overall mood. If you don’t have a garden, you can grow calendula in big pots with organic potting soil 6-8 weeks before the final frost. The snapdragon plant is multicolored and thrives in temperate climates. Their mature height ranges from 6 to 48 inches.

Cultivating snapdragons in direct sunshine is best since they flower best in bright light. For this reason, and since they don’t last very long, snapdragons need less nourishment from the ground. However, there is no risk in adding manure. Here are some basic tips for nurturing your Dahlia garden; however, their specific needs can vary according to where you live in India. Light and good drainage are essential for dahlias. Dig the soil to a depth of 8 to 12 inches and then cover it with compost.

In case you missed it:How to Grow Potato Plants Faster: Best Tips to Increase Flowering, Fruiting, and Yield

Pink Dalhias
Image Source

Since dahlias are big feeders, this will improve the soil’s porosity and nutritional density. Nasturtium’s blooms and leaves are edible, but that’s not what makes it so wonderful. They make for lovely ground cover plants due to their pleasant smell and vivid colors. You can also use them for preparing fresh meat. Before the final frost, start your nasturtium seeds inside around 4 to 6 weeks in advance. Nasturtium seeds should be planted in full sun in soil that is both wet and well-drained. 

Phlox can reach a height of up to 5 feet. Native to wooded areas, phlox performs OK in dappled light but benefits from full exposure. Leave it outside for at least six hours of sunlight every day. These plants thrive in well-drained, fertile soil with rich compost and organic manure (excellent cow dung). Plant after the last frost, leaving space between each plant of 18 to 24 inches.

Petunias are excellent. These colorful blooms are a welcome addition to any garden and do well as annuals. They need little maintenance after planting, so almost anybody can do it. While petunias can be grown from seed, starting them out as transplants are far more convenient. Ten to twelve weeks before the last frost date, begin sowing the seeds. Keep them well-watered at all times. Petunias produce more flowers when grown in full sun rather than partial. Plants should be separated by at least 1 foot.

Which flowers bloom in February in India?

Calendula, or “pot marigold,” can endure frost and other harsh circumstances. Also, they can withstand exposure to sunshine. The lovely yellow-orange blossoms will also make your rooms seem cozier. All sizes, colors, and forms are represented among these annual plants. Because of the variety of colors in their blooms, they are often utilized as ornaments inside homes. These plants can be grown from seed with nothing more than a sunny spot and some sandy soil that drains properly. 

Despite freezing temperatures, pansies will continue to bloom throughout the winter. Their lovely butterfly-shaped blooms come in a rainbow of colors. These low-lying plants benefit from partial shade and offer even more charm to your yard. Alyssum is a low-growing shrub whose blossoms can cover an area as large as a carpet. Its pristine white color is a restful addition to any landscape, and its sweet honey aroma will help you relax after a long day.

It’s one of India’s greatest winter flowering plants since it requires little care and can thrive even in dry circumstances. Asters are perennial perennials with daisy-like star-shaped blooms. Plants of South American origin that can withstand the cold in India. As a bonus, they thrive in direct sunlight, provided that the container and soil are well-drained. Annual dahlia plants can produce blooms almost year-round. It is common to see them in gardens, thriving in the early sun and less windy places.

These plants are hardy enough to last the winters, but only with diligent care and regular trimming throughout the year. Daffodils, also known as Nargis in India, are a kind of spring bulb that typically blooms in the latter half of winter. Plant seedlings need a sunny location with well-draining, somewhat acidic soil to thrive. And the only time you need to prune this plant is when the leaves turn yellow. Mulching is very recommended for this plant.

Which flower plant grows in summer in India?

The bright colors and enormous flower heads of sunflowers have made them a popular garden plant for centuries. They are widely cultivated over the globe as both decorative and food crops. Large flower heads, sometimes weighing several pounds, surround a center mass of many florets that is often black in color. The petals of these flowers are often a vibrant shade of yellow. 

However, this can vary depending on the variety. Sunflowers are among the best flowers in the summer because they tolerate high temperatures and dry circumstances. They can only thrive in the unobstructed light of a sunny day. Because of their nature, sunflowers turn their heads as the sun travels across the sky, from east to west. Cosmos are brightly colored flowers resembling daisies with longer, thinner stalks.

Flowers of many colors can be harvested from a cosmos plant in the summertime. These summer blooms are the best option for attracting pollinators and other helpful insects to your food garden. Growing the cosmos doesn’t need a lot of time or effort. These summer blooms are so tough that they can survive the scorching temperatures and little nourishment. For their vibrant colors and overlapping petals, marigolds are perennial favorites. There are various flower colors, from brilliant yellow to orange, red to maroon.

Some hybrids can have bicolored blooms. If you want flowers in the summer, Marigolds are the best option since they can survive the heat and drought. Plant marigolds near your vegetable garden’s produce to encourage pollinators and other helpful insects. Marigolds’ strong odor might keep unwanted visitors out of your garden. This unique trait of theirs will assist in the management of pests naturally.

Verbena flowers are a great option if you want to plant something that will survive throughout the summer and even do well in the hottest temperatures and lowest humidity levels. Verbenas are adaptable since they can be either annuals or perennials and produce abundant blooms in the warmest climates. These are little, 5-petaled blooms that are carried aloft on leggy stems.

In case you missed it: How to Make Rose Plants Bushy and Flowers Bigger: Propagation, Fertilizers, Pruning, Planting, and Care

Yellow Rose Garden
Image Source

Flower planting calendar/schedule/guide for India

Flowers Start seeds in
these months 
Hibiscus Mar to May2 to 3 weeks
Jasmine Mar to June 4 to 6 weeks
Ageratum Sep to Nov7 to 10 days
HollyhockSep to Oct10 to 14 days
SnapdragonSep to Nov10 to 21 days
African daisySep to Oct
Mar to Apr
15 to 20 days
China asterSep to Oct
July to Aug
10 to 14 days
Cockscomb Jan to Feb
May to June
Sep to Oct
7 to 14 days
Cornflower Sep to Oct7 to 10 days
Spider plant Sep to Oct
Jan to Feb
14 to 20 days
Indian pinkSep to Nov7 to 14 days
Sunflower Jan to June7 to 10 days
Balsam Jan to Feb4 to 5 days
Forget me notSep to Oct8 to 14 days
PetuniaAug to Oct<7 days
PhloxAug to Oct5 to 10 days
BougainvilleaFeb to Apr20 to 30 days
African marigold Sep to Oct4 to 14 days
French marigoldSep to Oct
Mar to Apr
7 to 14 days
ZinniaJan to June7 to 10 days
Rose Sep to Oct 4 to 8 weeks
Lotus Apr to June< 1 week
Dahlia Apr to Mar7 to 10 days
Plumeria Mar to June3 to 14 days 
Lily June to July9 to 18 days
daisiesMar to Apr10 to 20 days
Iris Late July to
28 to 35 days
Pansies July to Oct1 to 3 weeks
Poppy Mar to May7 to 14 days
Canna Mar to Apr7 to 14 days
Chrysanthemum June to July,
10 to 15 days


A variety of factors can prevent flowering in plants. The most prevalent causes of incorrect blooming are shade (insufficient sunlight) and a lack of hydration. Other contributing factors include improper pruning and a lack of balance in the plant’s nutrients. If your first attempt at growing flowers fails, don’t give up; instead, evaluate what went wrong and do better next time.

If you live in the following regions or states and plant start flower garden or farm, this article may help you with the basics of the India Flower Planting Calendar, Month-wise Gardening Sowing Chart, and Date-wise Guide for Winter, Summer, and Rainy Seasons.

Andhra PradeshKarnataka
Arunachal PradeshKerala
AssamMadhya Pradesh
Central IndiaSouth India
Himachal PradeshTamil Nadu
OdishaUttar Pradesh
RajasthanWest Bengal
North IndiaWest India


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here