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New York Vegetable Planting Calendar (NY): Month-wise Chart, Dates Guide, Schedule for Fall, Winter, Spring, Summer, and Zone-wise

Homegrown vegetables are unmatched in flavor. However, a significant investment of time, energy, and careful strategy are required. The variety of vegetables you can grow in your own New York garden is fantastic. Indeed, the weather in New York varies significantly from county to county, yet the state is still rather large.

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Below we learn the New York vegetable planting calendar, month-by-month chart for planting vegetables, seasonal vegetable planting schedule, best vegetables to grow in New York, vegetable planting guide by zone, and the hardiness zones of New York.

New York vegetable planting calendar (NY)

Best vegetables to grow in upstate NY

Seeding peas, spinach, carrots, radishes, beets, and Swiss chard straight in your garden is a good idea despite the current chilly weather. Large pea seeds can be planted in a rough seedbed approximately 3/4 to 1 inch deep and an inch apart. Carrots are the slowest to germinate, taking up to three weeks on average. 

Sow radishes also. A row can be easily identified due to the rapid germination of radishes, which also break up the soil crust, allowing the more delicate carrots to emerge. Once the carrots mature, you can pick the radishes. By warming the soil, you can fasten the germination process. Cover the section with a sheet of transparent plastic. Take off the plastic after you notice the first shoots of growth.

Lettuce, cabbage, parsley, broccoli, cauliflower, and onions can all have their transplants planted this week. If you want your plants to thrive after being transplanted, you should put them at the same depth in the garden as in their transplant container. Onion sets, essentially simply little onions, can be used in place of transplants for growing onions. 

What zone is New York for planting?

New York’s growing zones use each region’s average and latest frost dates to advise gardeners when to sow their seeds. This will be an excellent resource for determining the best times to plant. The planting zones in New York are diverse and can change from one area to another. It’s possible to find planting zones ranging from 3b to 7b in New York. A planting zone map is available online, making it simple to determine your location. 

When should you plant tomatoes in NY?

To grow your own, you must plant the tomato seeds six to eight weeks before the final frost date. Plant seeds in flats or containers with a depth of just 1/4 inch, and water regularly. A propagation pad or the top of a refrigerator to provide bottom heat can fasten the germination process. When preparing to transplant seedlings outdoors, it is essential to thin them out and wait a week for them to harden off. To plant tomatoes, wait until the soil has warmed, which is about May 15 in the New York region.

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What can I plant in March in New York?

As soon as the soil is ready to be worked, plant cool-season crops like spinach, peas, lettuce, and broccoli. Perennials with summer blooms should be divided and replanted. To get the most out of the bare-root plants that you ordered online, soak them overnight before planting. All diseased, dead, weak, or crossing branches must be removed from your plants. 

When should I start seeds in New York?

Knowing when the final spring frost typically occurs in your location is vital before you start planting seeds inside or outdoors. On or around May 15, New York City vegetables should be planted 4-10 weeks before the final frost.

What climate zone is upstate New York?

The state’s southeast corner is in a warmer, humid subtropical climatic zone. In contrast, the rest of the state has a more typical humid continental climate. In the days of winter, January and February, most of New York experiences temperatures below freezing. However, New York City and the rest of the Atlantic coast enjoy winter highs of several degrees above freezing.

When should I plant tomato seeds in upstate NY?

Therefore, the common advice is to bring your tomato plants inside around six weeks before your region’s last frost date. You will need to start counting backward from the time when you believe you have seen your last frost. Because tomatoes are so sensitive to the cold, it is advised that you wait between two and four weeks after your region’s last frost to plant them outdoors.

How long is the growing season in New York?

The duration of the growing season varies from place to location throughout the state of New York. April 15 to May 15 is the normal starting date, often known as the day of the last frost. When the first frost of autumn arrives, which can happen anywhere between September 1 and October 15, the end of the growing season officially arrives.

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When can you plant potatoes in upstate New York?

You can plant potatoes anytime between two weeks before your last frost date and the beginning of summer as long as you have at least 90 days of growth time remaining. Potatoes thrive on soil that is maintained weed-free, even though it has to be loose and well-drained. They also need plenty of direct sunlight. They respond well to consistent applications of organic fertilizer throughout the growing season and supplemental treatments of high-quality compost at appropriate intervals as the plants expand. 

What vegetables can I plant now in NY?

Spring vegetable gardening in New York

Midway through April is a great time to sow a wide variety of veggies. These will do better than most in colder temperatures. Lettuce, spinach, beets, carrots, celery, cabbage, and radishes, among others, are generally planted after April 15. After the final frost, you can grow your next crop of leafy greens and other crops. Tomatoes, beans, eggplant, potatoes, and sweet corn can all be planted successfully in late May. These crops are grown in containers or on the ground and are often damaged by storms.

Fall vegetable gardening in New York

Midway through July is when you should start your seeds inside for fall veggies. Planting long-season vegetables in early August is recommended for optimal harvest. When the first frost hits, plant development, and vegetable output end. Vegetable gardening in New York City in the autumn is like nothing else. Growing delicious veggies in the autumn is easy because of the season’s ideal mild-cool air and warm soil temperatures.

Roots will flourish in the warm soil, resulting in lush foliage, because of the striking temperature differential between the soil’s top and its depths. However, after summer is over, the likelihood of a bug invasion drops dramatically. And then there’s the battle you’ll have to fight with the impending winter. Midway through July is the ideal time to start seeds for autumn vegetables inside; by early to mid-September, you may move the seedlings outside.

Midway through July is when you should plant seeds for vegetables like bok choy, broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, kale, and chard. Summer plantings of winter squash would provide harvests up to the end of autumn. In early August, you can start sowing seeds for several veggies.

Here are a few examples: Carrots, Lettuce, Kohlrabi, Radishes, Turnips, Spinach, Beets, and Peas. These are some of the fall vegetables to plant in New York. Depending on when the first frost occurs in your region, that is when you should stop planting your vegetable garden. Bring in all your autumn vegetables if the first frost arrives as predicted. Lettuce and spinach grow above the soil and are particularly vulnerable to frost damage.

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Summer vegetable gardening in New York

Vegetables like cucumbers and squash that need a long growing season in the summer should be started in March and moved outside in May or early June. It’s possible to put bean and carrot seeds on the ground simultaneously. Until the temperatures drop in the autumn, summer vegetables will continue to thrive and yield. Some of your spring veggies will begin to slow down production when the summer heat in New York begins to rise, and they can even stop altogether.

Summers in New York are shorter than those in zones 10–12, reducing the time you have to harvest your harvest. To get the most out of your limited summer growing season, you should use a similar technique to start your summer veggies before you plant them. Summer vegetables should start in March, preferably in a warm, humid greenhouse.

The favorable indoor conditions from March through May will help the vegetable plants mature into healthy ones, ready to produce rapidly once transplanted outside. Vegetables, including cucumbers, squashes, sweet potatoes, eggplants, corn, and Malabar spinach, can all be planted in the ground between May and June. These summer vegetables can be started from seed inside and transplanted outside when the weather warms up in late May or early June.

Vegetables that normally mature in the summer can keep growing and producing in New York as late as September in the state’s warmer sections. The best place to plant seeds for summer vegetables is outside. For instance, you can plant seeds outside for vegetables like carrots and beans throughout May and June.

Winter vegetable gardening in New York

Just because the ground is covered in snow and seems solidly frozen doesn’t mean you can’t work on your vegetable garden and plan for it. It’s the perfect time to start planning a new garden, ordering seeds, or starting plants inside for transplanting after the ground has warmed up. Seed catalogs are an excellent tool for planning a productive vegetable garden. Tomatoes take about 60-90 days to mature after planting.

Tomatoes come in various fruiting patterns, with some yielding a single, huge crop that lasts for about two to three weeks and others continuing to give fruit throughout the summer and even into the fall. If you pick the right combination of tomato species and plant them in the right quantities, you can enjoy a lengthy and steady supply of the finest tomatoes directly from your garden. Lettuces follow the same rule of thumb. 

Most lettuces reach their maximum potential at temperatures slightly below freezing, but certain types may survive and even thrive in the hottest summer months if they are protected from the sun. Once again, picking lettuce varieties well suited to the different seasons will ensure that you have access to fresh lettuce from spring through autumn and winter.

If you have the right growing conditions, especially in a heated greenhouse, you can produce a wide range of vegetables all through the colder months of the year. The veggies that fit this description are garlic, tomatoes, lettuce, spinach, onions, carrots, broccoli, radishes, and potatoes.

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New York vegetable planting calendar/chart/guide/schedule 

Vegetables Zone 1Zone 2Zone 3Zone 4Zone 5Zone 6Zone 7
Snap Beans May to June May to July Mid-June to Mid-SepJune to Mid-SepMid-May to Sep                         May to Mid-OctApr to Oct
Lima beans May to June Mid-May to Mid-JuneMay Mid-May to Sep                         May to Mid-OctApr to Mid-Oct
BeetsMar to June Mar to June Mid-May to Mid-SepMid-Apr to Jun,
Mid-July to Sep
Apr to June,
Mid-July to Mid-Oct
Mid-Mar to June, Mid-July to Mid-OctMar to May,
Aug to Oct
BroccoliMay to June Mar to Aug Mid-May to SepApr to June, July to Mid-AugMid-Mar to June,
July to Oct
Mar to Mid-June, Mid-July to OctMid-Feb to May,
Aug to Mid-Nov
Brussel SproutsMar to June May to July Mid-May to Mid-OctMid-Apr to Mid-OctApr to OctMay to OctMid-Apr to Mid-Sep
CabbageJan to Apr,July to SepApr to JuneMid-May to Mid-SepMay to Mid-OctMid-Apr to OctMay to OctMar to Mid-June,
Mid-July to Oct
CarrotsJan to June Mar to Mid-July Mid-June to Mid-SepMid-Apr to June,
Mid-July to Sep
Apr to Jun, Aug to Mid-OctApr to June, Aug to OctMar to Mid-June,
Aug to Oct
CauliflowersJan and June Apr to Mid-July Mid-May to SepMay to SepMid-Apr to Mid-OctMar to Mid-JuneMid-Feb to May,
Aug to Mid-Nov
CornApr to MayApr to JuneJune to Mid-SepMid-May to Mid-SepMay to SepMay to Aug
CucumberApr to JuneMay to June Mid-June to Mid-SepJune to Mid-SepMid-May to Mid-SepMay to SepMay to Aug
KaleMay to JulMay to July May to SepMid-Apr to June,
Mid-July to Mid-Oct
Apr to June,
Mid-July to Oct
Mid-Mar to Mid-June,
Aug to Mid-Nov
Mar to May,
Aug to Mid-Nov
LettuceFeb to July Apr to July Mid-May to SepMay to June,
Mid-July to Sep
Mid-Apr to June,
Mid-July to Mid-Oct
Mid-Mar to Mid-June, Aug to OctMar to May,
Aug to Oct
OnionsJan to MayMar to MayMid-Apr to Mid-SepApr to SepMid- Mar to AugMar to Aug
PeasJan to Aug Feb to MarMid-May to Mid-SepMid-Apr to JuneApr to June,
Mid-July to Mid-Oct
Mid-Mar to May, Aug to OctMid-Feb to Mid-May,
Mid-Aug to Mid-Nov
PeppersMay May to June Mid-Apr to AugMid-Apr to Mid-SepApr to SepMid-Mar to SepMar to Sep
SpinachAug to Feb Apr and SepMay to SepMid-Apr to June,
Mid-July to Mid-Oct
Apr to June,
Mid-July to Oct
Mar to June, Mid-July to OctMar to June,
Aug to Mid-Nov
Summer SquashMayMay to June June to Mid-SepMid-May to SepMay to SepMay to Mid-Oct
TomatoMay to June May Mid-Apr to AugMid-Apr to Mid-SepApr to SepMid-Mar to SepMar to Sep
Asparagus Mar to AprFeb to MarMid-Apr to MayMid-Apr to MayApr Apr Apr 
Artichokes Aug to Oct Aug to Nov 
Celery Mar to June Mar to July Mid-May Mid-May
Chard Feb to May Apr to July Early May Early May 
Chives Apr to May Mar to May 
Eggplants May Early June Early June May May Apr to Mid-May, Mid-July 
Kohlrabi July to Aug Apr to Mid-Aug Mid-Apr to Mid-Aug Mid-Apr to Mid-Aug Early Apr and late Sep Early Apr and Late-Sep 
Okra Early June Early June Mid-May to late May Mid-May to Late-May Apr to June,
Mid-June to July 
Potatoes Feb to May Apr to June Mid-Apr to June Mid-Apr to June Early April to
Early April to Mid-April Mid-Jan to Mar
Radish Year-round Mar to Sep Apr to June,
Apr to JuneLate Mar to early May Late Mar to early May, Aug Mid-Jan to Apr,Sep to Mid-Oct 
Winter squash May May May to June May to June May Mid-May Apr to Aug 

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Planting your seeds and setting out your transplants at the right times is crucial to the success of your garden. We have given you a solid foundation; it is now up to you to use this information in your New York vegetable garden. If you live in the following towns, cities, and counties of New York (NY) Zone 1, Zone 2, Zone 3, Zone 4, Zone 5, Zone 6, and Zone 7 in the United States, this article may be helpful to understand the vegetable planting calendar and a month-wise chart along with planting seasons.

New YorkLake Placid
Niagara FallsHempstead
PoughkeepsieWappingers Falls
NewburghValley Stream
Saratoga SpringsMassapequa
White PlainsPatchogue
Lake GeorgePeekskill
ElmiraGreat Neck
Bay ShoreBrockport
OleanPort Chester
New RochelleCentral New York State
OneontaEastren New York State
CanandaiguaWestern New York State
Glens FallsNorthern New York State
New PaltzSouthern New York State


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