Seed Germination Chart in India: Duration and Temperature for Fruits, Vegetables, Flowers, and Herbs

Although there is no exact science behind germination, a basic understanding of the topic will help you get your seeds off to a good start. In a nutshell, you can just state that the ideal soil temperature for germination is approximately 25 degrees Celsius. That is, of course, predicated on ideal circumstances. A temperature chart can guide you through the process if you want to germinate seeds successfully.

Seed Germination Chart in India
Image Source

Below we learn the seed germination charts for different fruits, vegetables, plants, and herbs, the optimal temperature range for different crops, and the seed germination time for different plants.

Seed germination chart in India

How long does it take for vegetable seeds to germinate?

The average time for a vegetable seed to germinate is 7-14 days. Whether or not you provide the ideal settings can greatly affect how fast they germinate. Soil is necessary for the majority of seeds to germinate. However, light is essential for germinating certain seeds, such as flower seeds. Therefore it’s best just gently to cover them. There’s more to a seed package than simply a lovely image of the plant you’re trying to grow.

The other side also contains a wealth of information. Don’t rush into planting seeds without first reading the instructions carefully. The seed company will note on the seed packaging whether a certain vegetable has specific soil temperature requirements. To have a successful garden, you need your seed starting calendar detailing when to plant each seed based on your typical last frost date. Look at the back of the package to double-verify when you should plant your seeds.

What vegetable seeds germinate the fastest?

Seeds of lettuce and other cabbage family members (such as bok choi, broccoli, kale, cauliflower, etc.) germinate quickly. Seeds like peppers, eggplants, fennel, and celery can take five days or more to germinate. Tomatoes, beets, chard, squash, and onions, among others, will require another three days. Plant them as soon as you see roots developing. Have you ever spread a full package of 300 seeds only to have three plants survive? The soil dries out with time, whereas a paper towel keeps its moisture content constant.

Germination rates are almost perfect when we use fresh seeds purchased from a reliable seed supplier. You can try sprouting them on a paper towel to determine whether many years old seeds are still viable. Seeds as old as five years can produce thriving plants, whether cabbage or tomatoes. Some seeds have a rather long shelf life if you keep them in a cold, dry environment. This method also helps us determine whether the fresh seeds we purchased are of high quality.

In case you missed it: Vegetable Seed Germination Chart: A Calendar to Time and Soil Temperature

Seed Germination Process
Image Source

Which seed will grow in 2 days?

Because lettuce sprouts so rapidly and easily, you can make it your first choice. It can be grown with little effort, just on your kitchen counter. The small lettuce seeds make spreading them individually difficult. Arrange a few seeds to run horizontally over the top of the container. To grow lettuce microgreens, you need just scatter seeds across the soil’s surface.

Protecting lettuce from the hot sun improves its flavor, although it can bear as little as 4 hours of sunshine. They thrive in milder climates, and many species can withstand light cold. Turnips and radishes are two of the easiest and lowest-maintenance vegetables to germinate. Turnip seeds are quite small, so you can sow them in whatever pattern you choose, in rows or blocks, Just like you would with lettuce. As their numbers increase, thin them out as necessary.

Root vegetables like turnips and radishes need careful handling while being planted in the garden. These veggies could be grown successfully indoors if a bigger container is used. Growing these plants requires more sunlight than lettuce, but a bright window should do the trick. It’s okay to cut the leaves and consume them; you may take the bulb if you want. In the kitchen, chives make a wonderful tabletop herb. Chives can be seen germinating only a few days after planting.

Furthermore, they perform well at room temperature; just keep them in a sunny window. A further benefit is that the leaves can be eaten at any stage of their development. Be sure to never remove more than half of the leaves at a time. Making beans sprout is very easy, and it’s also fast. Beans are among the simplest plants to grow from seed. Take them outside after frost danger has passed.

While bush beans can thrive in a container, pole beans need a larger, more open environment to spread and climb. Seeds of brassica vegetables like broccoli, cauliflower, and kale germinate easily. Still, the resulting plants are often too large to be grown in an apartment or small house unless you have a greenhouse. For example, bok choy is one of the many brassicas that sprout quickly and require little care.

What is a good germination rate?

Determine whether your seeds are still within the time frame for germination. This is typically seven to ten days for peas and beans but just six to eight days for radishes. It can take longer for others. It’s important to start monitoring for germination as soon as the germination window opens and continue doing so every day until the final germination date has passed. Think about how many of your seedlings have germinated.

That’s fantastic news if seven out of ten seeds have germinated. An impressive 70% of your seeds have germinated. A germination test’s success rate doesn’t have to be perfect. You should plant two seeds to maximize your chances of having at least one seed germinate at each planting station. Start again if your seed germination rate is less than 50%. Generally speaking, you should replace your seeds if they haven’t sprouted after two weeks.

In case you missed it: How to Grow Moringa Tree from Seeds in Backyard: Planting and Care in Winter

Tree Germination
Image Source

Which fruit seeds germinate quickly?

Although berries are botanically defined fruits, the majority of people do not consider them to be in the same category as other types of fruits when it comes to eating. Strawberries, blackberries, and raspberries are examples of some of the fruits that grow at an increasing rate. Some certain fruits and vegetables break the norm that it takes longer for them to mature than it does for most fruits and vegetables.

Which fruit tree grows faster in India?

In India, the papaya tree is known for its rapid growth. Planting a papaya tree is one of the easiest things to do, and the fruit it provides is readily available throughout the year. The tree’s development depends on having access to light, water, and healthy soil. The fruits of papaya trees can be harvested at any time of the year, providing people with several opportunities to improve their overall health.

What is the fastest germinating flower seed?

The most well-known flower of summer, the sunflower is also one of the first to germinate. If you don’t have much room, dwarf sunflower seeds in a well-drained container or garden bed will grow to 6-14 inches. The phlox flower is a splash of color, with shades ranging from baby blue and pink to purple and white for a touch of summertime excitement.

The annual species, which grows to be approximately 2 feet tall, and flowers from early to midsummer, can be very easy to grow. This is a pollinator favorite, so seed in a sunny place with rich, wet soil. Marigolds are perfect for any gardener. They’re also fantastic as companion plants. So, plant some marigolds beside your tomato, cucumber, and summer squash plants and watch them flourish.

In case you missed it: How to Grow Oregano from Seed to Harvest: Check How this Guide Helps Beginners

Tomato Seed Germination
Image Source

What month do you plant flower seeds?

Planting occurs between August and November, although it can extend until April. Winter cold can break the dormancy of seeds, allowing them to germinate more successfully if planted outdoors. You can use potting soil, peat moss, or fine sawdust to cover the seeds with a 1/2 to ¾-inch layer. The ideal planting depth for seeds is just as long as the seed itself. These watering guidelines should be followed in locations with less precipitation or later planting in the planting season.

Soak the fresh soil where the seeds will be planted and continue until the seedlings have sprouted. After they have been established, most plants don’t need as much watering unless they are wetland species. If you water blooming plants when they are in bloom, the flowers will last longer. The most cost-effective and least wasteful option is peat moss; the least expensive options are sawdust and potting soil.

Choose one of these and apply it in a 1/2′′ to 3/4′′ layer on top of your soil. Applying one of these on top of the existing soil can help prevent the growth of numerous weeds in your flowerbed. Water will help the seeds sink into the moist soil, where they can germinate and thrive. While the seeds are developing, make sure the soil is consistently wet. Most seeds need about a week or two to germinate. Most flower species need less watering when they have become well-established.

What is the best way to germinate flower seeds?

Moisten a paper towel or coffee filter and use it to start germinating seeds. Pick a towel that doesn’t break when it gets wet. This type of towel or cloth absorbs moisture and reduces seed lint, which can produce mold. As roots can’t grow through coffee filters, this method makes transplanting seedlings to soil a breeze.

To plant seeds, stuff a moist paper towel or coffee filter with them and place it in a plastic sandwich bag. Avoid squeezing the air out of the bag when you close it to prevent mold growth. Place the bag in a warm (65–75 degrees Fahrenheit) location, such as a southern window or a sunroom. Keep an eye out for mold on the seeds and moisture in the towel. If your towel dries out, spray it with water.

In case you missed it: How to Propagate Prickly Pear Cactus from Cuttings, and Seeds: Planting, Growing Indoors, Outdoors, and Care

Image Source

In a week or so, the seeds should start to sprout. Move the seed to wet soil after development has begun. Sprinkle tiny seeds directly into the soil’s surface without covering them, then bury larger seeds at the depth indicated on the seed package. At planting time, if the root develops into the towel, snip the towel around the root and bury it along with the root.

The tough seed coat of certain seeds prevents them from receiving the necessary moisture to germinate. Sweet peas, shell beans, nasturtium, and morning glory are all examples. Soaking the seeds in water for a full night is recommended for seeds like these. Gardeners typically use hydrogen peroxide because it disinfects the solution and breaks down the tough seed covering. You can use a mixture of 50% water and 50% peroxide.

How long does it take to grow flowers from seeds?

Most annual flowers take roughly 95 days from seed to blossom. However, this information is rarely included in flower seed packs. When grown in spring climates, most flowers bloom in 60 to 70 days and can withstand mild cold, seeds can be started inside under lights in late winter to give plants a jump start on the season, and cloches can help them acclimate to life outside.

Seed Germination Chart in India for vegetables

Vegetable Germination
(degrees C)
Corn10-204-10 days
Potato15-294-6 weeks
Cauliflower (early)25-277-10 days
Cauliflower (late)16-207-14 days
Cauliflower (midseason)<167-10 days
Turnip15-354-10 days
Tomato20-3010-14 days
Spinach10-221-2 weeks
Radish10-305-7 days
Peas10-227-14 days
Onion10-326-12 days
Lady’s finger20-327-15 days
Lettuce20-277-10 days
Broad Beans16-3010-14 days
Cucumber16-327-10 days
Carrot10-308-10 days
Capsicum15-253-4 days
Cabbage10-207-10 days
Broccoli21-2310-14 days
Bottle gourd20-307-8 days
Bitter gourd20-308-10 days
Beetroot10-305-8 days
Apple gourd20-302-4 weeks
Chilli15-357-10 days
Drumsticks25-305-12 days
Ivy gourd20-307-10 days
Brinjal15-357-14 days
Cluster beans10-3020-30 days
Ridge gourd25-307 – 14 days
Snake gourd24-2710-30 days
Shallots20-257-10 days
Sweet potatoes16-29about 4 weeks
Yam17-35about a month

In case you missed it: How to Grow Zinnias from Seeds: Guide and Steps to Propagation, Planting, and Care

Arugula Seedlings
Image Source

Seed Germination Chart in India for flowers

Flowers Germination
(degrees C)
Hibiscus15-352-3 weeks
Jasmine15-304-6 weeks
Ageratum20-257-10 days
Hollyhock10-2510-14 days
Snapdragon18-2410-21 days
African daisy15-2315-20 days
China aster21-2210-14 days
Cockscomb20-307-14 days
Cornflower15-267-10 days
Spider plant13-2714-20 days
Indian pink20-257-14 days
Sunflower21-297-10 days
Balsam15-254-5 days
Forget me not18-228-14 days
Petunia10-35<7 days
Phlox20-255-10 days
Bougainvillea15-2320-30 days
African marigold18-304-14 days
French marigold20-507-14 days
Zinnia23-297-10 days
Rose16-214-8 weeks
Lotus25-30< 1 week
Dahlia21-237-10 days
Plumeria18-253-14 days
Lily18-259-18 days
Daisies18-2110-20 days
Iris15-2528-35 days
Pansies10-251-3 weeks
Poppy20-257-14 days
Canna21-247-14 days
Chrysanthemum20-2810-15 days

Seed Germination Chart in India for fruits

Fruits Germination
temperature (degrees C)
Watermelon25-306-7 days
Banana10-302-3 weeks
Orangearound 256-8 weeks
Pineapple21-23around 6 months
Lychee23-321-4 weeks
Mango5-402-4 weeks
Strawberry12-187 days-6 weeks
Grapes25-3210-15 days
Custard apple18-303 weeks
Sapota10-382-4 weeks
Lemon15-211-2 weeks
Kinnow 25-307-14 days
Mosambiaround 253-4 weeks
Papaya25-302-3 weeks
Pear20-322-4 weeks
Peach20-371-3 months
Apple21-24around 30 days
Figs15.5-211-2 weeks
Plums20-3010-18 days
Jackfruit23-273-8 weeks
Guava20-252-8 weeks
Pomegranate15-3330-40 days
Apricot18-281-2 months
Apple ber18-312-4 weeks
Kiwi20-25around 2 weeks
Rambutan22-3510-21 days
Persimmons12-262-3 weeks
Jamun22-4010-15 days
Coconut20-403-5 months

Seed Germination Chart in India for herbs

Herbs Germination
(degrees C)
Cuminaround 187-14 days
Coriander18-212-3 weeks
Fenugreekaround 153-5 days
Mustardaround 287-10 days
Holy basil15-217-12 days
Ginger20-226-8 weeks
Turmeric20-356-10 months
Lemon grass21-232 weeks
Parsley20-327-10 days
Sage25-3510-21 days
Curry leaves20-2510-15 days
Dill15-2110-14 days
Mint15-257-15 days
Oregano20-351 week
Rosemary20-2715-25 days
Thyme15-20Up-4 weeks
Tarragon15-2010-14 days
Chives15-217-10 days


Even without additional heat, the majority of seeds will germinate, but using a heat mat allows for growth that is both faster and more healthy. For the best possible outcomes, put the germination containers in a basement or garage where the temperature is consistently cold. We believe that will be adequate to get you moving in the right direction.

The good news is that nature is often fairly forgiving, so you shouldn’t stress too much about reaching perfection. Because, at the end of the day, relaxing in the garden is what it’s all about. If you live in the following states and plan to grow vegetables, fruits, herbs, and flowers, this guide would help you to understand the basics of seed germination duration and temperature.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here